Assignment 1 Annotated Bibliography of Work and economic life
Austrin, T. (1990). Work. In D. Pearson, I. Shirley & P. Spoonley (Eds.), New Zealand Society (pp. 227-241). Palmerston North, New Zealand: Dunmore Press.
• Believes unpaid work in the domestic household and the community is as important as work in the public world where they get paid. Should be recognised more and understood that this work is still necessary and needed.
• In NZ, in 1987, 70.2% of all part-time paid employees were women. These jobs are portrayed to be located at the bottom of the occupational ladder and generally segregated from mens work.
• Women are less likely to experience promotions in a career compared ...view middle of the document...
• The stereotype is for women to be involved in the caring, non-physical jobs and it’s not as common for them to be in managerial positions, especially as the managers and supervisors of men.
• While women are over-represented in jobs involving nurturing, care and clerical work, men are over-represented in jobs involving money, management and machinery.
This source focuses on the womens role of working and caring for the children and the responsibilities and stress that can result in this ‘balance’ of both roles. The stereotype that women’s jobs involve nurturing, care and clerical work is associated with their role as being ‘stay at home mothers’. Although this is the majority of womens roles, this is not the case in all New Zealand whanau’s, therefore allowing diversity to occur within each family.
Grint, K. (1998). The sociology of work (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
• Labour was generally regarded as ‘mens’ or ‘womens’ work: Men participated in the heaviest and what was perceived to be the most skilled work, where as women undertook most of the household duties.
• The women raised children as an addition to their houseworking duties and responsibilities, compared to the fathers, where raising the children was a substitute for being involved with the household duties.
• Hierarchy of work existed, with men at the apex and were seen as superior and more ‘valuable’, women in the centre, so therefore were not seen as important as men, and then with children at the base.
Due to the stereotypes that males are involved in the more ‘masculine’ and ‘superior’ careers, while women are involved in most of the household duties and caring for the children, it is more likely that while the fathers are out involved in ‘paid work’ the women are usually the ones who stay at home looking after the children which is seen as ‘unpaid work’. However, this is not the case in all families due to different circumstances including both partners needing to attend work for economic stability, and also because some partners may have the desire to still be involved in work after their children are born, therefore creating diverse families within New Zealand.
Inkson, K. (2004). New patterns of career. In A. Dupuis, A. D. Bruin & P. Spoonley (Eds.), Work and working in twenty-first century New Zealand (pp. 71-94). Palmerston North, New Zealand: Dunmore Press.
• Womens careers are seen as ‘family-centric’. Women base their jobs around their living situation and whether they have children and other factors to take into account/ consideration.
• This source believes that the female role have some beneifts, for example: pregnancy and early child-rearing provide ‘time out’ from employment, where as males are stuck in full time jobs and do not have the same opportunities.
• Traditional ‘male breadwinner’ supported by female ‘home maker’ model portrays the stereotype that the men work while the mothers/ wives stay at home to do housework duties. Therefore...