Within The Context Of The Period 1880 1980, How Valid Are A.J.P Taylor’s Theories In Explaining European Imperialism In Africa?

665 words - 3 pages

Within the context of the period 1880 -1980, how valid are A.J.P Taylor’s theories in explaining European imperialism in Africa?

The colonisation of Africa occurred in the late nineteenth century, when a small group of European powers became suddenly involved in a territorial Partition of Africa. In the time between 1880 and 1900, “90% of the territory of Africa was appropriated by a handful of European powers” . This event sparked an intense historical debate amongst historians as there have been multiple interpretations about the colonisation in Africa. The historical debate is between metropolitan theories (which focuses on the motivations of each European power), for example by Lenin ...view middle of the document...

The explanation for imperialism changes amongst different historians. A.J.P Taylor’s explanation of imperialism argues that it was European power politics that exported tensions. These European rivalries were played out in international interests, this was the imperialism that motivated European powers to colonise African countries in order to prevent other countries from doing so. This concept can be seen in the colonisation of Egypt. The Ottoman Empire had captured Egypt in 1517. However by the late nineteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was in decline. The British government wished to only colonise Egypt because it feared that the Ottoman’s possessions of Egypt would fall into the hands of European power, which threatened Britain’s political interests in the area. The British attitude towards Egypt in 1860 can be summarised by this quote: “We do not want to have Egypt. We wish Egypt to be attached to another European power, which is security against it belonging to another European power.” It is implied that the European power,...

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