William Wordsworth Essay

2133 words - 9 pages

William Wordsworth was born on April 7, 1770 in Cockermouth, Cumberland, England. He grew up surrounded by beautiful scenery. He was very close to his sister, Dorothy Wordsworth. ("William Wordsworth Biography." NotableBiographies.com N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb 2012. .) His sister led the way for him to love nature by showing him its beauty. His mom died when he was eight years old and then his father died when he was thirteen years old. He was separated from his sister when he moved in with his uncles. After he graduated from grade school his uncles sent him to college. While he was in college he went on a one year walking tour of Europe. After the tour he went to France which was in a revolution. In the French Revolution William Wordsworth supported the revolutionists because of his belief in political freedom.
While he was in France he had an affair with Annette Vallon, who became pregnant with his illegitimate daughter, Caroline. (Everett, G. "William Wordsworth: Biography." victorianweb.com. N/A, 2000. Web. 26 Feb 2012) He had to return to England before she gave birth because he ran out of money. He met his sister again and moved into a cottage with her. Shortly after that he met a man named Coleridge. After reading “A Ruined Cottage” Coleridge said that it was the finest poem in their language. (Noyes 43) Together they produced Lyrical Ballads, a collection of poems. Lyrical Ballads is where the Romantic Movement started in England. Both authors are given credit for starting the Movement but Coleridge only had four poems in the book while Wordsworth had nineteen. (Noyes 47)
After writing Lyrical Ballads he started working on his longest project. It was an autobiography in blank verse that was meant to show the development and inner workings of a poets mind. He meant for it to introduce another work which he never wrote. That is why his wife called it The Prelude. He spent the last forty-five years of his life revising and editing it. He didn’t spend his time on just The Prelude, He also worked on and edited other poems causing him to print out various editions of the same poem.
During the time that he was editing The Prelude and working on his other poems, he was appointed as Head Laureate and married Mary Hutchinson. Together, they had five children two of which died in 1812. As he grew older, his works began to shift from passionate lyrics to lyrics that were more conservative. He died on April 23, 1850. His wife then published The Prelude which is considered to be the “crowning achievement of English romanticism.” (Andrews, H.. "William Wordsworth." Academy of American poets. Academy of American Poets, 2011. Web. 27 Feb 2012.)
When he was young he would spend much of his time playing outdoors with his sister. Dorothy would often comment on the beauty of the surrounding landscape. It was because of his sister that he grew to love nature. His love for nature led him to...

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