“Who Was More To Blame For The Origins And Development Of The Cold War In Europe: Stalin Or Truman?”

1401 words - 6 pages

Untitled

"Who was more to blame for the origins and development

of the

Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?"

The cold war was a period of intense antagonism between the two superpowers- the United States and the Soviet Union, lasting from 1945-1991. Both leaders, Stalin and Truman, had a huge role to play in the cold war, but ultimately, it was Stalin who was more to blame for the origins and development of the cold war in Europe.

Stalin's foreign policy tended to be expansionist, as can be seen from the sovietization of Europe. By the end of world war two, the Soviet Union had taken control over Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, and not to mention the annexation of small portions of Romania and Czechoslovakia. Furthermore, the foreign policy was also based on the aim of taking advantage of the military situation in Europe to strengthen Soviet influence. As such, it was not hard for USA to see that USSR was inexorably expansionist, and had aims to spread world wide communism. These suspicions were made worse by the fact that although the Soviets had agreed to the principle of free elections in Eastern Europe during the Yalta conference of February 1945, it was clear that the Soviets applied pressure to allow communist politicians to hold key positions in coalition governments before elections were held. Key positions included those like the interior minister, which was responsible for the the police force and law and order. With communists now in charge, elections could then be manipulated to ensure communists controlled the levers of powers. To strengthen communist parties, they were often encouraged by Stalin to merge with other, often bigger, socialists groups who found merger to be in a reality a takeover. By the end of 1947, every state in Eastern Europe was controlled by a communist government, except Czechoslovakia.

However, it would be unfair of us to overlook the fact that Stalin was obsessed with the security of USSR and that his moves were also defensive in nature. Stalin's preoccupation with safeguarding soviet security, was difficult for US to understand, because US was more prosperous as compared to a greatly weakened USSR. Russia had been invaded from the west three times during the 20th century- by Germany during the first world war, by those helping the whites during the Russian civil war, and finally, by Germany again in the second world war. Over 20 million soviet citizens were killed during world war two on top of the vast economic losses incurred. Although it is valid and right to say that the USSR had been working from a point

position of weakness, Stalin still bears the bulk of the responsibility because it's foreign policies might have been motivated by security interests but the actions were deemed by expansionist and aggressive by USA.

USA merely reacted to the communist aggression in defense of democracy, the free world and for the free men. An example would be the Berlin...

Find Another Essay On “Who was more to blame for the origins and development of the Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?”

Who was more responsible for the Cold War?

974 words - 4 pages after the Second World War. It is interesting to see that even some Russian now declare that Stalin was more responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War. Stalin was viewed as an exhibiting "expansionist tendencies". In conclusion For the Orthodox or Traditional point of view Stalin and the ideology of Marxism-Leninism were more to blame for the outbreak of the Cold War.Secondly we are going to discuss how the USA was more responsible. The

Account for the origins and development of the Cold War between USA and USSR up to 1962

2680 words - 11 pages suggested that America was 'as bad as Russia'. One of the most extreme revisionists was Gabriel Kelko, who wrote The Limits of Power: The World and United States Foreign Policy in 1972. One reviewer of his books says that 'he devoted his entire professional life to blaming the United States for the Cold War'. In his book Kelko suggested that Truman should have given Stalin the atomic bomb in 1945 and claimed that Russia treated Poland well in 1945

Was President Truman Responsible for the Cold War?

1338 words - 5 pages foreign policy decisions, as well as his involvement in the usage of the atomic bomb, raises the question of whether or not the Cold War can be blamed on Truman. Supporting the view that Truman was responsible for the Cold War, Arnold Offner argues that Truman’s parochialism and nationalism caused him to make contrary foreign policy decisions without regard to other nations, which caused the intense standoff between the Soviet Union and America that

The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945

2131 words - 9 pages of the Cold War in Europe was a result of differences in political ideologies and a lack of compromise and agreement. It will discuss the ideals of Western Europe and that of Soviet Russia; the United States in support of liberty and freedom, and Communist Russia, who had shown a dislike towards Capitalism. It will also consider the years before 1945 in an attempt to suggest possible reasons for the mutual distrust of

"As long as Stalin was running the Soviet Union a Cold war was unavoidable." (J.L Gaddis, We Now Know). Discuss this interpretation of the origins and character of the Cold War

2078 words - 8 pages important aspects of the cause of the cold war. It demonstrates Stalin's aims for Eastern Europe as effectively as Mein Kampf explains Hitler's aims for Europe did. During a visit to Moscow in 1941, Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden was presented a document that, if signed, would result in an alliance between the UK and the Soviet Union. But most importantly, the document was less of an immediate military alliance with the UK but even more of a post

Who is more to Blame for what Happens in the Novel: Frankenstein or the Monster? (Frankenstein by Mary Shelley)

1323 words - 5 pages Who is more to Blame for what Happens in the Novel: Frankenstein or the Monster?In Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein, the main character Victor Frankenstein, becomes obsessed with the notion of bringing a human being to life. The result is the creation of a monster only known to us as 'the monster'. The monster is hideous, and is therefore rejected by Victor and by society to fend for himself. He soon commits many murders, as a result of his

What Caused The Second World War? Who Was To Blame?

2324 words - 10 pages Britain and France on Germany declared war, September 1939. World War II lasted for six years killing millions; injuring and traumatizing many more. Two decades earlier, World War I had taken place also killing, injuring and traumatizing millions. How was it that even with the creation of the Treaty of Versailles aiming to limit Germany's power and prevent another war; twenty years later Europe was once again plunged into chaos.Adolf Hitler and

Who was to blame for the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?

1330 words - 5 pages Essay QuestionWho was to blame for the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?In the following essay I am going to explore the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet and who was to blame for it.The author of the play is William Shakespeare born in Stratford in April 26, 1564. Died on 23 April 1616 and was buried in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford.He was an English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer of the English language, and the world's

Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964

2318 words - 9 pages across the world, it became the most famous symbol of the Cold War. As for the Great powers it made them both look weak. America failed to stop East Germany imprisoning there own people. Khrushchev's efforts to force the West out of Berlin had also failed. After being removed in 1989 the remains left a devastating effect of Berlin and its citizens. During the Cold War there was a large amount of espionage or spying

"Was the United States Responsible for the Development of the Cold War"

525 words - 2 pages States was also worried over the Soviet spreading communism throughout Europe. The Soviet Union wanted to produce a world dominated by communism and the USSR. America felt aggressions towards the Soviet for this. These events led to the development of the Cold War.The Soviet Union wanted to occupy Eastern Europe and eventually set up satellite states to help extend communism toward Italy and France. In 1945, they set up a communist referendum in

Who was to blame for Macbeth's downfall?

1673 words - 7 pages Due to the nature of Macbeth's downfall it would be difficult to blame a single person for his downfall. The main characters that were at fault in Macbeth's downfall were The Witches, Lady Macbeth and of course Macbeth himself but who is to blame the most out of the three?The Witches played a big part in Macbeth's downfall, as they were the first characters who influenced Macbeth as they met him at the start of the story. The Witches were

Similar Essays

Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?

1586 words - 6 pages Who was to blame for the Cold War?The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no one's fault, due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second

Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?

1155 words - 5 pages approach to the Cold War emerged. It was characterized as “neo- revisionism and was led by John Lewis Gaddis.” (Pipe 2007) He argued that neither the Soviets nor the United States were to blame for the origins of the Cold War. Historian Pipe argues that competition between the US and the Soviet Union was a cause of the War. The post – revisionist viewpoint suggest that neither power was solely to blame for the beginning of the Cold War. In

Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?

828 words - 3 pages During the Cold War, both USA and USSR have faults. But Stalin's action was most to blame. He has the most aggressive actions compared to the actions done by USA. He did not keep his promise which he had agreed at the Yalta Conference. He had dominated the countries in East Europe and spread Communism, causing dictatorship and people imprisoned due to the disloyalty towards Stalin. Also, a lot of Stalin's actions had offense USA. However, things

Who Is To Blame For The Cold War, Soviet Union Or United States?

1411 words - 6 pages Conferences in February and July 1946, respectively. Though the mood at Yalta was more or less cooperative, Stalin agitated matters by demanding that all German territory east of the Rivers Oder and Neisse be given to Poland (and thus remain under Soviet influence). Both Roosevelt and Churchill refused to agree to these demands. The Soviet Union couldnt agree to the existence in Poland of a Government hostile to it. Both Truman and Churchill were