Who In Italy Gained From Fascism

1340 words - 5 pages

Who in Italy Gained from Fascism

The word Fascism comes from fasces, the bundle of elm or birch rods from which an ax

projected that was carried before Roman magistrates. These fasces indicated the magistrates

power to decapitate. Fascism is actually defined as " a political philosophy, movement, or

regime that exalts nation, and often race, and stands for a centralized autocratic, often

militaristic government" (Webster's). March 23, 1919 marked the ascension of the Fascist party in Italy. For many, young Benito Mussolini was a symbol of law and order in a time of political and social turmoil. Mussolini's "Fasci di Combattimento", the re-organization of his Fascia group, was accepted and admired by all, especially those Italians longing for the end of unemployment, inflation, and the fear of a communist revolution. In Italy, many members of the government, as well as a few aspects of society, gained from Fascism. However, despite those who gained, more Italians suffered as a result of Fascist government.
Some members that gained from Fascism were the Fascists in power. The
Fascists who held office were all shrewed politicians. All of those politicians were ruthless
and were feared by many of the people. "The result at the 1919 polls was disappointing. The Socialists did splendidly, but Fascism, having not yet fully identified with the conservative Right, seemed in 1919 to have arrived at a dead end" (Forman 27). The fear that was created between government official and citizen was what kept Fascism in power after this initial downfall. Many of the Fascists in power were out of control; Even Benito Mussolini had his own Fascist propaganda army: the Blackshirts , or "Squadre". Fear was building as the Fascist party was coming into power. "Murder and arson were daily occurrences, and by 1922, Italian Socialists were driven to desperate measures. On August 1, massive strikes disrupted transportation. The government was helpless to combat the effects. Italy needed a savior. Mussolini, Now called Il Duce ("The Leader"), was not found lacking. He gave the government 48 hours to act, and at the expiration of that time he had his Fascists take over Public transportation" (Forman 28).
Other members of the government that gained from Fascism were the nationalists. Part of the definition of Fascism was putting state before citizen, so naturally those fanatically supporting Italy benefited greatly from Fascist's orders to a Nationalistic government. "In February of 1923, the Nationalist Association, with its "Always Ready" militia, joined the Fascist party en masse" (Payne 111). By the end of May 1919, "the Nationalists were writing to Mussolini as "the one and only Duce of the Italian people" (Smith 334). Also, "support for this escapade was easily obtained from many patriots" (Smith 334).
Finally, there were territorial gains from Fascist imperialism. In 1911, Italy won Libya from the Turks. This proved to be an...

Find Another Essay On Who in Italy Gained from Fascism

Compare and Contrast the rise and forms of Fascism in Germany and Italy

1003 words - 4 pages , and due to the horrors of WWII. However in the case of Italy, which started to become a fascist goverement in 1920, the main support of fascist was due to instabiltiy and lack of territoral gains. In addition in Italy support came from the Church, which did not exist in Germany. In Germany the main support for fascism came in 1929 after the fall of the stock market. In addition Hitler was able to gain support from anti-democratic forces. In closing it is not too far from imgination that had WWI not occurred fascism would not have been born.

How the Coming and Going of Fascism affected the Tourism Industry in Italy

1707 words - 7 pages of Fascism. Italy had remained a poor country during Fascism, destroying the progress after the First World War and eventually coming out of it after Fascism with the knowledge of the need for international currency in the economy. The economy and the people of Italy all were affected by the need and growth of tourism during the rise and fall of the Fascist regime. The arrival of the First World War had a huge impact on the tourism business of

Although Germany gained a fully democratic state in 1919, explain why some historians believe it was doomed from the start

1466 words - 6 pages equally devastating, food and fuel shortages, the flu-epidemic that wiped out thousands of people daily, starvation, hypothermia and a dramatic drop in real earnings. A downtrodden and weary country awaited the new democracy that was challenged to deal with these issues.When Germany went on to become a republic in the 'revolution from below', again it was done for all the wrong reasons. Prince Max of Baden who feared a communist uprising following

The Spy Who Came In From The Snow

1352 words - 5 pages The spy who"¦? "˜The spy who came in from the cold' by John Le Carre, is a novel which bases much of itself around the significance of its title. The importance of this title is the way it encapsulates the entire novel's feeling, emotion, underlying themes and neglected attitudes in one sentence. To fully understand the significance of the title and its encapsulating qualities, key aspects of the novel need to be examined. Definition

Who Gains, Who Loses, from RFID's Growing Presence in the Marketplace?

2289 words - 9 pages exploring RFID for the past few years -- it took a giant like Wal-Mart to bring it to the consumer goods sector. "Initially suppliers were scrambling to comply. Now many are stepping back and asking the million-dollar question: 'Is this just a sunk cost, or can we find a way to benefit from it?'"Interestingly, while it may be considered one of the hottest technologies around, RFID is fairly old. It was invented in 1948 by Harry Stockman, but until

Suffering from Guilt Who suffers more from guilt in the book "The Scarlet Letter"

999 words - 4 pages Dealing with guilt might be the most difficult thing a person has to do sometimes and the way they deal with it might either make them a stronger and better person or destroy them. In the book the scarlet letter we see how a group of people are affected by a sin, which is adultery and how the sinners deal with the guilt. The way they deal with it also defines how much they suffer from this sin and Hester and Dimmsdale both deal with guilt in two

Overcoming Ethical Issues In Society in “The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas”

1499 words - 6 pages walk away. In the story “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” characters fail to overcome the ethical issues in their society, and the reader is taught the importance of moral responsibility and the implications of the difficult task to make the right ethical decision. In “ The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” the ones who choose to ignore and be ignorant are at fault for failing to overcome the proper ethical decision in the society of Omelas

Heroes in Wonderful Fool and The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea

1609 words - 6 pages Expectations of Heroes in Wonderful Fool and The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea               In a human being's search for spiritual peace throughout life, he constantly turns to outside sources for the answers to his questions. Some people quench their curiosity in a god or religion; some find release through the use of foreign chemicals. Many people, however, turn to another person in their time of personal questioning

American and Japanese Perceptions Explored in Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea

950 words - 4 pages A ship's horn wails in the distance. The long kiss is broken. The sailor's palate is once again wet with longing for the infinite freedom of the sea. It is in this world, where layers of opposite meaning crash as waves to rocks do, that Mishima's The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea is set. This tale of tragedy is one of a man caught in a tempest of moral collision in the interstice which borders freedom and entanglement. Inevitably

Comparing Violence as a Motif in Stranger and Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea

1541 words - 6 pages Violence as a Motif in The Stranger and The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea    In The Stranger by Albert Camus, and The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With the Sea by Yukio Mishima, violence is an important motif. This paper will attempt to show how comparisons exists in these books which aids the violence motif. Violence is concluded with murder or multiple murders in the above books. In The Stranger, Meursault, an absurd hero

Disrespect in The Sailor who Fell From Grace with the Sea and Wonderful Fool

1734 words - 7 pages Disrespect in The Sailor who Fell From Grace with the Sea and Wonderful Fool       Throughout various works of world literature, respect is a major concern amongst the characters. This manifests itself in how the relationships between characters in the work are characterized. Sometimes lack of proper respect can be an auxiliary cause for conflict, while in other cases it can be the root of it. In Japanese culture, respect is

Similar Essays

The Rise Of Fascism In Italy

645 words - 3 pages took over Fiume, a port city in Dalmatian island, with an army of the unemployed, he ruled for a year. This shows how the people needed a head with nationalistic ideas.All this helped create fascism. The term comes from an ancient roman symbol of authority, being a bundle of sticks.Mussolini edited a socialist newspaper, but got fired for wanting Italy's going into the war. He created another paper, and then became Italy noisiest

Discuss The Rise And Consolidation Of Fascism In Italy

2301 words - 9 pages Mussolini and fascism were able to take root in Italian politics.Although Italy had always been interested in North Africa, when Britain and France began to take interest in North African shipping lines, Italy became alarmed at losing what was a generally recognised right of pre - emption over Libya. Also, from the nationalist's point of view, they did not like the prospect of another humiliation such as their loss of Tunis in 1881. Therefore Italy

Finding Fascism: Fascism Defined In The Context Of Mussolini’s Italy And Nazi Germany

1510 words - 7 pages Central Powers with citizens who had a mounting disdain for government and organized power. In this chaos, Italy struggled to find a definitive government. As a result, from the end of WWI in 1919 to 1922 Italy, struggling in the ruins of WWI, found itself under the rule of five different governments. Following the infamous ‘March on Rome’, Benito Mussolini was chosen to be Italy’s head of government; however, Mussolini’s nascent fascist party

Who Really Ruled Italy In 1926 40?

1332 words - 5 pages area independent of Fascist influence. This independence was nevertheless unimportant because the southern part of Italy was poor, lightly populated and not industrialised. Mussolini neglected the south in his efforts to dynamise the industry and economy of the country.We can say that Mussolini had ultimate power but not absolute power. He really ruled Italy from 1926-37 when Hitler's influence was increasingly important. Mussolini never had the power of Hitler or Stalin. His strength is only in comparison with the other weak political parties in Italy. One could almost say that he is only a violent Prime Minister who didn't respect the democratic rules.