What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1264 words - 5 pages

Theories in both natural and human sciences have been very controversial throughout history such as evolution. Although some stand as correct and some have been proven wrong, most of them tend to have enough evidence to be considered correct. Most of these theories have endured a process for them to be rectified and considered as correct. The process depends on long observations, large amount of empirical prove and the interpretation of this prove. The difference in which these two areas of knowledge reach a specific conclusion is what makes them have a difference in their capability to convince people. We should analyse which and how certain factors convince us that these theories are true. I will look and compare various theories in order to fully understand the cause of their convincing extent.

Let me start by defining a couple of terms used in the question that will facilitate the understanding of the question. The word theory can only be defined as an idea that is descriptive, has a logic explanation and might be foretold easily. It starts with a hypothesis, which is then tested and supported by a series of experiments or proof. The most important thing in theories is that they are capable of being proven wrong, so there will always be an opposition to the theory; they are never “completely true”. Convincing is another term that needs definition. In this case, a convincing theory is the one that has more arguments to support its validity than arguments that oppose.

As stated before in the definition, theories are never completely true. So we ask ourselves, why do we consider some theories as completely accurate? One possible reason for this is the scientific method in which these theories are tested, this methods are completely logical and have almost no flaw, which makes us have no exact argument to oppose to the actual theory. These theories begin with self-perception of the scientist who have the hypothesis, and continue with reasoning based on the previous knowledge. The scientific method is based upon the idea that the test can be produced many times under the same circumstances and conditions and the results will be the same. An example of these scientific theories given by a specific scientific method would be, in chemistry, the existence and abundance of isotopes. In which a hypnotically pure element endures many chemical processes and results in the counting by a machine sensor of specific particles of that element. There have been many results that support this theory in which the atomic mass of the elements have a certain concordance with the structure of the periodic table, but the mere idea of the isotopes is quite subjective. Although this is only a brief explanation of the theory of isotopes, the scientific method has given enough evidence to actually be convincing to the scientists and to the people. So to understand the real reason for the natural sciences being so convincing, we need to understand the process this...

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