Weimar Republic Essay

3017 words - 12 pages

Weimar Republic

There were various factors that contributed to the failure of the Weimar Republic of Germany and the ascent of Hitler’s National Socialist German Workers Party into power on January 30, 1933. Various conflicting problems were concurrent with the eventuation of the Republic that, from the outset, its first governing body the socialist party (SPD) was forced to contend with.
These included the aspect of German imperialism, the unresolved defeat of 1918, financial collapse and the forced struggle against the activities of the National party as well as inflation. Other factors which influenced the failure of Weimar were the structural weaknesses induced by the constitution and the basic lack of support for the Republic among the German people particularly amongst the elite. These aspects were the major causes which doomed the Weimar republic to ultimate failure and the eventual ascent of Hilter’s nationalist party to power.
The new socialist government of Weimar (SPD), whose constitution was adopted on July 30, 1919, entered a situation they by no means created. The period during which they were appointed to rule was associated with defeat and misery, and when disorder was nationwide. The situation then, was that of revolution. However, rather than to make a socialist revolution they co-operated with the liberals and with the catholic center party to lead Germany in a reformed version of her old self. In June 1919, they voted to comply with the treaty of Versailles (the vindictive settlement imposed by the Paris peace conference). However, the signing of the Treaty served to promote protest and unrest amongst the soldiers, sailors, German people, and democracy thus resulted in becoming an alien device.
The imperial army, for instance, never got over the humiliation of surrender which they felt was a ‘stab in the back’ by their own countrymen. The sailors at Kiel mutinied in a last desperate effort on October 28 and On November 9, 1919, the streets were filled with crowds marching to demonstrate at the center of Berlin. Similarly, even before the contingency of these incidents, the center party, a liberal group who were the coalition government of the acting SPD formed by Phillip Scheidemann, resigned rather than sign the Treaty of Versailles. Besides, German patriotism was strong, in particular because the German people believed they had fought a defensive war and were told their soldiers were ‘unconquered in the field.
Therefore, the humiliating Treaty came as a rude shock to the German people who, correspondingly, blamed the politicians for betraying the soldiers in signing the armistice and saw them as compounding their treason by accepting the peace settlement. They spoke of the ‘November criminals’ and protested “A nation of seventy million suffers, but does not die.” These factors propagated in the promotion of anti republican feeling, the conclusions of which were clearly reflected in the results of the election...

Find Another Essay On Weimar Republic

Artists in the Weimar Republic Essay

923 words - 4 pages Weimar CultureIn the period after the First World War, the Weimar republic was in a deep political struggle. However, its culture was flourishing. The culture was already present in pre-war Germany, but the Weimar Republic and its promotion of free thinking allowed these ideas to surface. Among the many great cultural achievements are the art and literature, and these survived because of the emigration of the artists to the United States.The art

Collapse of the Weimar Republic Essay

1555 words - 6 pages Collapse of the Weimar Republic “On 2 August 1934, President Hindenburg died. Within an hour of his death Hitler announced that the offices of chancellor and president were to be combined and that he was the new head of state. Hitler’s adolescent dream of becoming Fuhrer of the German people had been realized” President Hindenburg’s death marked the official end of the Weimar Republic, a democratic ‘experiment’ that had lasted since

The Collapse of the Weimar Republic

835 words - 3 pages The Collapse of the Weimar Republic There are a various number of reasons for the downfall of the Weimar republic and the establishment of the one party rule, including Hitler's appeal, however it was his consolidation of power 1933-1934 which was largely responsible for the collapse of the Weimar regime. Factors such as the Enabling Act of 1933, the Reichstag fire, the use of the SA, and the banning of all

The Fall of the Weimar Republic

1412 words - 6 pages The Weimar Republic would have continued to be a functional government far longer than achieved if not for the defeat of WWI, the economic burdens imposed by the Versailles Treaty, and the flawed Article 48 which all contributed to the down fall of Germany’s first attempt at a legitimate Democracy. This paper will argue that the societal, economical, and constitutional aspects all played a role in the hopeless Democracy Germany attempted which

Structural Problem of the Weimar Republic

1448 words - 6 pages On January 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Weimar Republic in Germany, six months later he consolidated power and became dictator. What follows is an account of the steps Hitler took to consolidate power. On February 27th 1933 The Reichstag, the parliamentary building in Germany is burned to the ground by arsons. A Dutch Communist by the name of van der Lubbe is caught in the act. In addition to this two other suspects with Communist

The Fall of the Weimar Republic

822 words - 3 pages Fall of the Weimar Republic>> 1) Background> * The fall of the Weimar Republic goes hand in hand with the> rise of Hitler and the Nazi regime> * The Weimar Republic came into existence after WWI and> promised to give democracy, freedom of speech, return to the 8-hour> workday, and improvements in social security.> * The more power Hitler got, the closer he got to becoming a> complete dictator which would obviously put

Immediate problems facing the Weimar Republic

540 words - 2 pages The Weimar republic was a democratic government in Germany created shortly after the first Great War (1919). It was named after the city in which the constitution was first created. This new government was meant to be the best solution for the Germans, but it was a failure because of the inefficiency of the constitution, various rebellions and the invasion- Inflation crisis in 1923.The first problem faced by the Weimar republic was its

The Failure of the Weimar Republic

2064 words - 8 pages The Failure of the Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic survived to years of greater internal peace from the mid-1920s, when the political problems were covered, until exposure by the economic and political crises of 1929, Hitler’s appointment as German Chancellor in 1933 was more or less the most important event of the 20th century. The most direct causes for the collapse of the first German democracy must be

David Abraham and the Weimar Republic

4327 words - 17 pages David Abraham "Grave Offenses" vs. "Tendentious Misconstruals" The David Abraham Case The historical field concerning the Weimar Republic, Germany's parliamentary government during the interwar years, is not only an extremely sophisticated area of study, but an extremely competitive one as well. In the early eighties, a much heated and unprecedented scholarly dispute arose surrounding The Collapse of the Weimar Republic, written by David

The Culture of the Weimar Republic

607 words - 2 pages The Weimar Republic was struggling with lots of political problems, so it had to take the culture seriously, if it did not want it to be forgotten by their own society. The most productive city in arts and sciences in the 1920s was Berlin - the capital of the Republic. At this time German artists made important cultural contributions in making new movies. American movies became popular in Germany because the stories were simple, there were lots

The Main Problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23

2721 words - 11 pages The Main Problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23 In the period of 1918-23 the Weimar Republic was facing many problems these were, Spartacist week, The Kapp Putch, The Constitution, The treaty of Versailles, The occupation of the Ruhr, Hyper Inflation, The Munich Beer Hall Putch. In order to answer this question we must first establish whether in-fact the problems that Weimar faced were un-defeat able and how

Similar Essays

Weimar Republic Essay

1211 words - 5 pages "Why the Weimar republic was doomed from the outset "They are many reasons why people thought the Weimar Republic was bound to fail from the start, especially when it was set up in 1919 after the First World War in which Germany had suffered a humiliating defeat and the German Revolution of 1918-19 which overthrew the Kaiser. Named after the city of Weimar where the new constitution was written, it introduced democracy to Germany and a new

The Weimar Republic Essay

854 words - 3 pages The Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic was created in Germany in 1918 as a result of widespread socialist unrest. A liberal constitution was drawn up in 1919. There was extensive instability in Germany around this time. The Weimar government had trouble pleasing right and left wing parties because, at this time, Germany was very polarised politically. Hitler dissolved the republic in 1933. But was it doomed from it's

The Weimar Republic Essay

856 words - 3 pages The Weimar Republic was formed shortly after World War 1 by the victorious allied powers. The allies believed it was necessary to set up a new government in Germany. This new government was plagued by social, political, and economical problems. The country was constantly in conflict with itself due to the fighting between the Left and Right wings of the government. Try to expand your sentences. They are mostly 'subject verb object'. The

The Weimar Republic In Germany Essay

593 words - 2 pages The Weimar Republic first began after the devastation Germany experienced in World War 1. Germany needed an organized government to recover money, land, and respect from the other European countries. The Weimar Republic proved to be the answer, and although it first came under intense dislike and scrutiny, it later led Germany into economic prosper. Although it overcame one crisis, it could not survive the second crisis encountered in 1929