To Commemorate The Soviet Union's Surrender In East Berlin

769 words - 3 pages

Today, May 12, 1949, is a day for celebration and for all of us to be grateful for as the Soviet Union surrendered and abandoned the Berlin Blockade in the attempts of blocking U.S-British Allied access to the East German city of Berlin, June 1948. The Berlin Blockade had been broken by the success of the U.S-British Allied airlift of vital supplies to Berlin, East Germany forcing the Soviet Union to lift its 10-month blockade against Berlin.

Prior to the Berlin Blockade, the German invasion of Russia, followed an invasion of France united the Soviet Union with Western Europe and later the U.S in alliance against Hitler in World War Two. The war transformed the global balance of power; Europe became vulnerable leaving the Soviet Union and the U.S as global super-powers. Therefore, the wartime alliance resulted in great tragedy where the Soviets believed the U.S betrayed them by not sending troops in support of fighting against Hitler that resulted with 20-30 million people died in the Soviet during the war. Josef Stalin, the General Secretary of the Communist Party created buffer zones around Soviet to ensure such tragedy would never happen again. The buffer zones were: Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. The Soviet ‘liberated’ these vast areas in Eastern Europe, which turned them into Soviet satellite states where it was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. Poland, Bulgaria, Romania and other countries that the Red Army ‘liberated’ and occupied were in part to gain security from the capitalist West.

In the aftermath of the Second World War in 1945, Europe was divided into two blocs, each were occupied by the armies of the West America and its allies and the East Soviet and its satellites or ‘sphere influences’. The West dominated by capitalists’ democracy, organizes society through the promotion of the citizens’ rights and all have equal legitimized freedom and liberties. While the East dominated by communism, a socioeconomic structure that endorses the establishment of an egalitarian or stateless society based on common ownership. To these differences were added fear of Soviet invasion in the West and U.S’s atomic bomb in the East. It was a collision of ideologies; democracy versus communism.

By 1947, the U.S reacted to the threat of spreading communism by the Soviet, President Truman had addressed the U.S Congress in which...

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