The Westward Spread Of Inca And Egyptian Culture

2698 words - 11 pages

The Westward Spread of Inca and Egyptian Culture

The second half of the twentieth century has seen many changes in
theories
concerning the mode of colonization of the islands of Micronesia, and the
rise of the Inca
Empire, with it's striking similarities to Egypt. In the past, it has been
suggested that
Asians had worked their way through the Pacific, over a period of thousands
of years. It
was believed that each island group had formed independently, and that the
residents,
while they were of the same race, had totally different cultures. Since
the 1940's,
however, these views have been changing. It is now accepted by many
scholars that early
Egyptians sailed as far west as South America, in their huge reed boats.
In turn, the Incas,
who owe many of their technological advancements to these Egyptian
travelers, set sail to
the west, colonizing Easter Island, Hawaii, and the other Pacific islands.
The most common misconception about these early travels is that they
took place
on boats or ships. This is definitely not the case. In fact, the
Egyptians and Incas relied
on rafts; the Incas used balsa logs ( Kon-Tiki 21), the Egyptians
used bundles of papyrus
reeds (Ra 3). One striking piece of evidence for Egyptian-Inca contact is
the existence of
reed rafts on Lake Titicaca that are exactly like rafts used on Lake Chad
and the Nile (Ra
3). Of course, this could be merely coincidence, but much more evidence
exists to
support the theory of ancient contacts between Egyptians and Pre-Colombian
Incas.
The most positive, though hardly concrete, item is the legends of the
*I*Viracocha*/I* (which
translates as white man in English) people of Lake Titicaca in South
America. The
*I*Viracocha*/I* are said to have been the first builders of the reed boats
in South America and
"came forth in a flotilla of reed boats,... appearing to the local Indians
who at the time
were ignorant of sun worship, architecture, and agriculture" (Ra 30).
These reed boats
were the same size and specification of the boats used by Egyptians, and
the people who
crewed them began, among other things, building pyramids and statues, many
of which
still stand throughout Central and South America (Ra 3). In fact, the most
concrete piece
of evidence linking the Egyptians and early Americans is a small stone
statue, discovered
in Mexico, bearing features that are decidedly similar to those of Egyptian
sculpture. The
statue was carbon dated 800 BC (Begley, et al 28), long before Europeans
were said to
have contacted Central and South Americans.
The Aztecs and Mayas of Central America also provide
evidence of Egyptian
contact. The starting date of the Maya calendar is 12, 3113 BC. This is
in the middle of
the first dynasty of the Pharaohs. If these Indians had already been in
the Western
Hemisphere for 15,000 years, why was it only after the Egyptians started
using calendars
that...

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