The Union's Ability To Conduct Total Warfare And Confederate Defeat

1267 words - 5 pages

The Union's Ability to Conduct Total Warfare and Confederate Defeat

The American War for Independence was a successful struggle of a smaller nation fighting a larger, more powerful force. However, in the case of the American Civil War, the larger more powerful Union defeated the southern Confederacy. The Union won the Civil War because the Confederacy could not sustain a war of attrition in the Napoleonic style that evolved into Total War. This paper will briefly explain what Napoleonic warfare is and examine the resources of the North and South. Then, the paper will develop how the Union used its advantages in resources and the use of Total War to defeat the Confederacy.
The American War for Independence, on the American side, was fought in a semi-guerrilla style. This means that battles were fought in the traditional European style and by guerrilla tactics. The guerrilla style includes undercover, clandestine, radical, and subversive tactics, in which men make raids, especially behind enemy lines. The traditional European style or Napoleonic style of warfare is based on two opposing armies meeting in battle and facing each other head on. Each side lines their men up in tremendous ranks and the conflicting armies march upon each other. It involves flanking, direct assaults, and other military tactics. The battle’s principle concept is that a general uses his artillery to soften up the enemy’s defenses, the infantry to fight, and the cavalry to raid and decimate the adversary. The American armies, during the Revolutionary War, used both these styles of warfare to defeat the greater military power of Great Britain. However, this doctrine of warfare was not used by the Confederacy when fighting the greater military might of the Union.
The Confederacy fought in the traditional European style. The South opted to engage the North face to face on the battlefield. There were many battles fought in this style. Some of the famous battles fought in this style are Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, Antietam, and Chancellorsville. Here is an account of Pickett’s Charge during the battle of Gettysburg, which exemplifies Napoleonic warfare:
“…Longstreet ordered a concentration of Confederate artillery…to soften up the enemy at the point of attack. For almost two hours an artillery dual among nearly 300 guns filled the Pennsylvania countryside… [Then] With parade-ground precision, Pickett’s three brigades moved out… It was a magnificent mile-wide spectacle.”

This style of battle may have worked, at times, for the Confederacy. However, in the long run, it would lead to the South’s defeat.
The North had a preponderance of resources that are needed to conduct a war of European style. In order to conduct a war, a government needs men to fight and an economy that can be suited for wartime production. For wartime production to be efficient, there needs to be available labor, transportation, communication, natural resources, and...

Find Another Essay On The Union's Ability to Conduct Total Warfare and Confederate Defeat

Germany and the Soviet Union's Non-Aggression Treaty

2718 words - 11 pages running the table against both parties, attempting to see who they could strike the sweeter deal with (Watson). As it turns out, the Germans were a little less flexible in their ability to create allies. Knowing that the war would inevitably warrant a British blockade, Germany had to set up an abundant resource supply that could sustain, and even outlast, the Brits. To accomplish this, and in a twisted coincidental mix with Stalin’s third 5

What was Jim Crow and What Were Some of the Strategies Used to Defeat It?

2401 words - 10 pages where lynching black people was widely accepted by white people. Lynching is, “The illegal execution of an accused person by a mob” (Spartacus Educational). According to the Tuskegee Institute, between the years of 1882 and 1968, the total amount of black lynchings was 3,445 (Lynching, Whites & Negroes). Even though it’s illegal, it wasn’t viewed as a horrible crime like it is today. In that time, it was more of a source of entertainment and

Brown versus Board of Education and Raising the Confederate Flag

1977 words - 8 pages Brown versus Board of Education and Raising the Confederate Flag 1954's Brown vs. Board of Education case court ruling marked the dawn of desegregation in America. A short time after the sentence, South Carolina replaced their state flag with the Confederate flag, raising it above their statehouse, the Georgia and Mississippi state flags were changed to incorporate the Confederate flag, and Confederate monuments were suddenly built. The

Walmart's Ability To Scan And Track Items

827 words - 4 pages Wal-Mart Stores Manage Supply Chain with RFIDDiscussion Questions:1.What benefits has RFID technology provided or is anticipated to provide for Wal-Mart in the management of its supply chain?·RFID technology gives Wal-Mart the ability to scan and track products and merchandise as they leave trucks and warehouses. Wal-Mart's database is updated each time an item is scanned.·Items that are out of stock are restocked quicker and

Ability to Meditate in The Wanderer

608 words - 2 pages Ability to Meditate in The Wanderer Human beings stand alone in the ability to meditate; to think about one’s own thinking. While humans view this as a positive aspect or even a dominant trait of their own species, this same ability can lead the thinker down a dark and depressing path. Found in the Exeter Book of Old English poetry, “The Wanderer” displays how this same ability that allows humans to grasp meaning and reason, feel a purpose

The Ability to Map a Human Genome

2980 words - 12 pages improvements to using genetic tests will benefit society drastically. One of the newer studies and discoveries in science is the ability to map a human genome, which takes a single strand of a person’s DNA and interprets genes into the information that patients, doctors, and scientists understand. Information that DNA contains are physical traits, like hair color and eye color, as well as things like a disease that a person might encounter later

The Media and its Ability to Control the Image of Perfection

1824 words - 8 pages Westernized cultures are concerned about, if not obsessed with being thinner”(Miller, pg.189). The media has the ability to broadcast a message or picture to millions of people and convince society that their idea of the perfect body is most desirable, which is why there are so many people struggling with negative body image. The amount of people that watch television on the daily is staggering, the media reaches peoples minds by showing “perfect

Do infants have an innate ability to recognise the human face and imitate facial expressions?

1664 words - 7 pages -cognitive sophistication to perform imitative tasks until around the age 8-12 months and it is widely accepted that neonates imitate much early than he suggested.Meltzoff and Moore (1977, 1983) have conducted much of the research involving imitation in neonates. They conducted several studies involving neonates of varying ages and their ability to imitate facial expressions. Their 1983 study involving 12-21 day old neonates showed that although all

Which Factors Determine the Differences between Adults' and Children' s Ability to Learn a Second Language?

2244 words - 9 pages Marian Hoefnagel-Hohle carried out a study on the different ability between adults and children to acquire a second language in terms of pronunciation, morphology, syntax and sentence judgement (Lightbown & Spada, 1999). By the results, it is concluded that adults learn faster in most fields, except for pronunciation, at the early stage of second language development, especially with professional or academic interaction. However, children

Does an essentially "black" nation have the ability to successfully obtain and maintain independence?

620 words - 2 pages Is an essentially "black" nation, a disaster waiting to happen? I definitely do not agree with that claim, though historians and anthropologists have implied it for centuries. It has been proven that people of the African / Black race are very much capable of governing themselves.In the above paragraph, I mentioned that many anthropologists and historians have disagreed with the premise of a successfully, self-governed black nation. Two of these

King Arthur and The Code of Conduct

758 words - 3 pages What is a code of conduct? There is sundry answers tothis, but only a few good ones. Is it something thatpeople learn about as they grow older, or is itsomething that people are born into? A code ofconduct is something that people live by. It can bein respect for other people, themselves or the thingsaround them. A lot of time it has to do with morals,values and what they look for in life. Codes ofconduct change just as much as time changes

Similar Essays

The Confederate And Union War Essay

1359 words - 6 pages popular, it was believed that the Union soldiers felt as if they were fighting for the purposes of freeing slaves. This made the Union want to defeat the war even more and most of them didn’t even possess any military experience. The Confederate Army on the other hand had 900,000 soldiers. There were a census of 9 million people actually living on the confederacy and 3.5 million of them were slaves. As stated above, the Confederate soldiers had

Acts Of Total Warfare Carreid Out By The United States

1725 words - 7 pages religion. In conclusion, the use of Total Warfare has evolved significantly since World War II due to technological advances in weaponry. Having the ability to accurately direct and pinpoint targets with guided weapons has reduced the number of civilian casualties during war time. Even though precision weapons have allowed militaries to limit the number of physical casualties during wartime, psychological warfare is even more prevalent now than ever

To Commemorate The Soviet Union's Surrender In East Berlin

769 words - 3 pages Today, May 12, 1949, is a day for celebration and for all of us to be grateful for as the Soviet Union surrendered and abandoned the Berlin Blockade in the attempts of blocking U.S-British Allied access to the East German city of Berlin, June 1948. The Berlin Blockade had been broken by the success of the U.S-British Allied airlift of vital supplies to Berlin, East Germany forcing the Soviet Union to lift its 10-month blockade against Berlin

Comparison Of The Confederate And Union Economies

608 words - 3 pages of Treasury, b) Christopher Memminger’s rule. Memminger is generally recognized as the person responsible for the COnfederate economy’s collapse. He was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederation. A significant part of the C Third paragraph: Though both “countries” had problems, an advantage of the Union’s was that it was a preexisting country with an established economy. The Confederacy was both creating an new economy and attempting to raise war funds at the same time, which proved detrimental to Its economy.