The Superego In Lord Of The Flies And Fahrenheit 451

1380 words - 6 pages

Ralph shows actions of id and superego by deciding to act as a leader or become savage like Jack. Montag also shows actions of id and superego by trying to save society or be part of the corrupt society. Both Ralph from Lord of the Flies and Montag from Fahrenheit 451 have the same goal to save people through superego actions, which results in having vicious people trying to kill them.
In the beginning, Ralph is indecisive between id and superego. He shows superego when Ralph says,” I was chief, and you were going to do what I said. You talk. But you can’t even build huts – then you go off hunting and let out the fire” (Golding 59). The fire is the only way in which the guys can be rescued. When the guys miss their chance of rescue, Ralph gets mad and restates the importance of keeping the fire going. Ralph wants the guys on the island to listen to him and act more like a leader. “The rules!” shouted Ralph. “You’re breaking the rules!” (Golding 79) Ralph sets out certain rules for the society on the island to get alone with each other and get rescued. Ralph wants them to survive before they get rescued and starts to create a society among them, however, Jack, an ill-driven enemy, hates the idea of Ralph being leader and starts to do id-driven actions. Although Ralph is driven by superego, he also shows id when Ralph says,” This is our island. It’s a good island. Until the grownups come to fetch us we’ll have fun” (Golding 27). Ralph wants to just have fun at the beginning and doesn’t care about rescue. Ralph doesn’t care because he doesn’t think about the war that is going on and relies on his dad to rescue him. Ralph starts to realize the facts and starts acting more civilized. Ralph also shows id when he “was fighting to get near, to get a handful of that brown, vulnerable flesh. The desire to squeeze and hurt was overmastering” (Golding 101). Even Ralph, who is trying to create a society, gets lost in the excitement of id. A reason why Ralph gets lost in the excitement of id is because he is a kid. Kids tend to be more driven towards id due to the fact that they don’t anticipate negative outcomes. The boys on the island think that killing pigs are fun and they act like savages because of their id-driven actions. Although Ralph is indecisive whether he should act id or superego due to the fact that he was given a choice, Ralph, later on, decides to be driven towards superego.
Similar to Ralph, Montag from Fahrenheit 451 is also indeterminate whether he should act more towards id or superego. Montag shows id when he says,” It was a pleasure to burn (Books)” (Bradbury 3). Montag is uninformed whether or not burning books was bad. Montag and his generation of society are being taught the whole time that books are bad and that they give false information. Montag, unknowing of this, burns books and finds it as a pleasure, which, to an extent, is considered as id. Montag also shows id-driven actions when he “hid the books in the...

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