The Role Of Women In Post Independent Africa

837 words - 4 pages

Matsumoto (2001) states in virtually all human groups, women have greater responsibility for domestic activities, while men have greater responsibility for external activities (pg. 197). Therefore under such conditional thinking, one would naturally assume the male to have more of a presence in the household than the woman. Gender roles, sex role ideology, and gender stereotypes represent the way culture displays its belief in what they considered appropriate behavior from both male and female.
Socialization agents are factors within our culture that not only affects us as individuals, but the society in which we reside; sources from which we learn about ourselves and our culture. What’s ...view middle of the document...

American households are mixed in gender roles. Individualism culture accepts the conditions in which the woman is the breadwinner, or head of household. Though still expected to bear children and be that nurture for them, the male’s responsibility becomes both domestic and external. Wang, Parker, and Taylor (2013) study showed a record of 40% of all households with children under the age of 18 included mothers who are either the sole or primary source of income for the family (para 1). This growth in number is the result of increase of women in the workplace. Making up almost half of the US labor force today (Wang, Parker, and Taylor, 2013, para. 5).
In contrast African women has been involved in agriculture and economic pursuits, but majority are in informal workforce. Women from South African culture are expected to be household managers, in other words, provide, nurture, and educate the family. According to the article “The Role of Women in Post-independent Africa”(n.d) female education affects the family health and nutrition, agricultural productivity, and fertility (para 3). A women’s involvement in educational systems is frowned upon, because it takes from fulfilling the responsibilities of the home, thus women aren’t given equal rights. Majority of African illiterates are women. South African maintain the structure that keeps women inferior to men.
Much of this has to do with the socialization agent of family. The child develops language, norms, and values from this agent, which ultimately shapes how they maintain their own households as males, and what...

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