The Rise Of Islam And The Bengal Frontier

1667 words - 7 pages

The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, Eaton’s examination of the proliferation of Islam in Bengali from the thirteenth through the eighteenth century, presents compelling arguments in support of a model striking in contrast to those endorsed by Eaton’s predecessors.
This paper will present a juxtaposition of the theories including a comprehensive examination of vital historical processes in cultural change. Eaton’s argument maintains the agrarian frontier was the foundation of economic growth and the political frontier is responsible for the collection of individuals and the activator in expansion of agriculture. Furthermore, the cultural frontier consists of a triad of processes over time merge Muslims and non-Muslims in the Bengal region.
Over the nineteenth and twentieth century, several theories developed explaining the diffusion of Islam in the Eastern Bengal region. Each of the theories serves as the basis of Eaton’s argument; in fact, the theories overlap and are carefully incorporated into Eaton’s thesis.
First, the theory Eaton calls “Immigration theory,” explains the large concentration of Muslims in Bengal are descendants of migrants arriving via land and sea, before the Moghul Empire. While it’s logical to assume that some Muslims immigrated to the Bengal region, this theory explains the spread of human populations rather than cultural diffusion.
“Religion of the Sword” theory assumes the Islamization in Bengal was the result of military and political coercion on the local population. But, it fails to answer why the large concentration of Muslims existed inversely in East Bengali. Later, I will address Eaton’s new findings relative to the large concentration of Muslims in East Bengal, rather than the West.
The “Patronage Theory” posits Indians converted to Islam because they were offered tax relief or elevation in social status. According to Eaton, the theory lacks the explanation of Islamization in Bengal, and rather explains the diffusion in India’s heartland. He compares the outcome of patronage to military force and coercion pointing out that the farther away from the center of the empire, the less influence it has.
Finally, “Social Liberation Theory,” assumes the Hindu social system was oppressive, and the equality or social liberation of Islam was appealing. However, Eaton refutes the assumption based on evidence from early Hindu text, stating that Bramanic society was not fully accepted in Eastern Bengal. Therefore, the indigenous in East Bengal would have not endured oppression to be relieved of. Muslims leaders at the time did not express equality as opposed to Hinduisms inequalities, and there is no proof that Islam improved the status of individuals.
According to Eaton, none of the theories truly identify why the second largest populations of Muslims reside in Easter Bengal rather than the West. The problem with these theories is they are based on little evidence. Eaton utilizes pre-modern...

Find Another Essay On The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier

The Frontier of America Essay

7428 words - 30 pages thesis on the frontier states:Up to our own day American history has been in a large degreethe history of the colonization of the Great West.The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession,and the advance of American settlement westward explainAmerican development.Expansion of the United States can be traced from the first of those who settled in Jamestown. It all began with a simple idea, a faster route to India. Yet instead of

Ferment in the Middle East: Rise of Islam

1471 words - 6 pages . The ideological and emotional appeal of Islam remained strong throughout the Middle East and eventually extended into areas not occupied by Arab armies, such as the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. The Rise of Islam in the Middle East has impacted the globe.The first major topic discussed throughout this chapter highlights on the Rise of Islam. This topic was indicated clearly, as well as thoroughly explained and

Sacajawea - Explorer Of The Frontier

1682 words - 7 pages Sacagawea – Explorer of the American Frontier In order to understand how important Sacagawea was to the Lewis and Clark's mission to the Pacific, her history and the history of her people must be told. An explorer known as Captain Clarke wrote that in order to pronounce the Indian words correctly, every letter sound must be made. There has been much debate on the spelling of the young explorer's name, since the letters to not match the sound

The New Frontier of Automobiles

692 words - 3 pages The New Frontier of Automobiles Machines running, hammers dropping, and drills drilling are the sounds of Henry Ford’s revolutionary assembly line. Henry Ford grew up in the late eighteenth century during the industrial revolution. There were no electric lights, only gas lamps and candles. Horses and trains were the only cost effective way of transportation for the public. When Henry Ford was a child, he saw a steam driven car on the road and

The Bengal Tiger: A Memeber of the Big Cat Family

1643 words - 7 pages the mangroves of the Sundarbans, places shared between Bangladesh and India, and are the only mangrove forests where tigers are found. The Sundarbans are threatened by sea level rise as a result of climate change. Size Bengal tigers range in weight. The weight of the males range from 180-260 kg (400-570 lbs) and females range from 100-160 kg (220-350 lbs). Male Bengal tigers have an average total length of 270-310 cm (110-120 in) including the

Rise Of Islam

547 words - 2 pages in hopes to create a strong central government in Arabia that would serve its interests. The British also wanted to further weaken the Ottoman Empire by wrestling Mecca and Medina away from its control. The European colonialism, and the British, greatly helped the rise of Islam. The European colonialism gave them the strength to rise against their oppressors. The Wahhabi movement was started as a result of the European colonialism. The British

The Real Bengal: A Historical Discussion of Identity

1500 words - 6 pages taken in by its Hindu counterpart in West Bengal. Bangladesh, however, cannot fit into either side. Bangladesh is unique in that its identity is specific; neither common religion or general pan-Indian identity sufficed as a claim to a national identity. The people themselves display strong nationalism and fervor for their homeland, which, to this magnitude, is unprecedented of South Asian countries. The first imaginary of Bengal produced in this

Earthquake: A Disaster in the Bay of Bengal

1332 words - 6 pages fervently to find people who were still alive. The land mines uncovered by the tsunami and massive amounts of rubble “hamper[ed] relief efforts” (Doc. 1). Lessons for the Future Most of the deaths caused by the earthquake and tsunami could have been prevented by methods possible at the time of the disaster. The countries neighboring the Bay of Bengal could have built barriers like sea walls to prevent the full force of a tsunami. Also, a warning

The Domestication of the Last Frontier

970 words - 4 pages The Domestication of the Last Frontier In 1865 the frontier line generally followed the western limits of the states bordering the Mississippi River, bulging outward to include the eastern sections of Kansas and Nebraska. Beyond this thin edge of pioneer farms, lay the prairie and sagebrush lands that stretched to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Then, for nearly 1,600 kilometers, loomed the huge bulk of mountain ranges, many rich in

NASA and Space: The Final Frontier

898 words - 4 pages Human fascination with the stars is as ancient as Babylonians and has been suggested to be older than Stonehenge. From “be fruitful and multiply” to “live long and prosper,” the instinct to protect and propagate the species has manifested in religion, art, and the imaginations of countless individuals. As human understanding of space treks out of the fantastical and into the scientific, the realities of traveling through and living in space are

“From the Frontier of Writing”: A Critique

1076 words - 5 pages The title of Seamus Heaney’s poem “From the Frontier of Writing” provides the first connotation as to what his following stanzas would be illustrating. As aggressive as it sounds the frontier paints a picture of war and struggle as to which can be seen through his lifetime. Heaney uses this image of war to create the concept of comparing the process a writer goes through to be published to the frontier of a war battle. We see this as a

Similar Essays

The Rise Of Islam Essay

1072 words - 5 pages from China to Rome, allowing ideas and goods to be traded between the cultures. Trade helped them increase their income, and the also traded for the exchange of silk, ivory, perfumes, rare metals, incense, spices, and ideas such as the Islamic religion. Common trade routes of the Islamic Civilizations occurred on both land and sea allowing the Islamic Civilization to rise and flourish above other civilizations and to spread their influence during

Turkey: The Rise Of Akp Party And The Islam

2787 words - 12 pages Turkey: The rise of Akp Party and the Islam. The last October the Turkey's prime minister Erdogan announced key political reforms which including lifting a ban on Islamic headscarves. The moves come as critics accuse Erdogan of Islamising the secular country. The headscarf controversy is the emblem of a long-standing rivalry in Turkish society between religious conservatives, who form the bulk of Erdogan's Islamic-rooted Justice and

The Birth And Rise Of Christianity And Islam

2621 words - 10 pages similarities and differences, one must date back to the rise and birth of Christianity and Islam. Jesus, the founder of Christianity, and Muhammad, the founder of Islam, were both considered prophets of God. Although they only had a few followers in the beginning, the majority thought they were crazy or dangerous. This is one similarity between the two. Jesus was a Jewish boy born in Bethlehem and raised in the city of Nazareth. As a boy, Jesus

The Rise Of And Basic Beliefs Of Islam

809 words - 3 pages Islam was one of the fastest movements that ever occurred. In less than 200 years, Islam had spread to Northern Africa and Southern Europe. It could have spread farther but was stopped by the French of that time. Before the formation of Islam, the area between Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Iran were homes to nomads. Islam united the Arab peoples and expanded their territories. They brought many other empires and countries under their control