The Effects Of Standards Based Learning And Assessments On Curriculum Development

2136 words - 9 pages

Standards-based learning and assessments are bound to have some effect on curriculum development and planning whether it is positive or negative. “Generally, standards based learning refers to establishing what all students should know and be able to do and providing assessments that are aligned with the standards” (Hargrove, Walker, Huber, Corrigan, and Moore, 2004). It is important to determine the effects that standards based learning will have on teaching and learning. The answer to questions of whether or not there will be an observable difference in teaching styles and strategies is of great interest. It is also necessary to determine if there is a true standards-based reform or if teachers are just putting standards by the tests they have already created. The literature review will assist in answering these questions. It will also address the positives and negatives of standards based instruction and assessment.
Standards based learning has been on its way to joining the educational process since the mid-1980’s. It was about this time when the National Commission of Excellence in Education determined that the standards in high schools were lacking, and all students should participate in more rigorous academic classes (Haycock, 2010). Since the college ready push was made, more and more students are enrolling in a greater number of college-level courses while in high school. Many students, however, are still struggling in college and must participate in remedial courses. Leaders from five states, who originally volunteered for developing common standards, “knew that there was a gap between learning expectations at the end of high school and the beginning of college” (Haycock, 2010). It is disheartening to think that students who do everything that is required of them while making good grades, “often end up in remedial courses in college” which does not count as degree credits (Haycock, 2010). “K-12 public education is as close as it has ever been to saying every high school graduate must be college ready” (Phillips & Wong, 2010). With the prior statement in mind, it is necessary to revise the current standards in the K-12 educational system.
Many states have employed standards based reorganization to improve the chances for success for all students. Part of the reorganization includes providing schools with a consistent group of standards that details exactly what students need to know and what students are capable of achieving. Often teachers are only given the uniform standards, but they are not told what materials or strategies to use in teaching the standards. In order for the standards based reorganization to work as it should, teachers and other specialists should design or approve materials and instructional strategies that are aligned with the standards (D’Agostino, Welsh, & Corson, 2007). Clarke, Stow, Ruebling, and Kayona (2006) give three important “considerations” when creating the curricular materials and...

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