The Origins of the Great War
As the war of the worlds began to collide between 1914 and 1918, there were numerous causes as to why the "Great War" began. The war began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. Later on it transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty-eight of these nations were known as the Allies and the Associated Powers, including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States. They opposed the coalition known as the Central Powers, consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria. However, the immediate cause of the war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia was when the young Serb, Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on June 28, 1914. Immediately following this assassination the conflict between nations broke out not only because of the death of the Archduke but because of the intense nationalism that was permeating in Europe. The political and economic rivalry among the nations caused for the hostile military alliances that the world had yet to experience
A month later, on July 28 Austria declared war against Serbia, either because they felt Russia would not actually fight for Serbia, or because they were prepared to risk a general European conflict in order to put an end to the Greater Serbian movement. Russia responded to this by partially mobilizing against Austria. Nevertheless, Germany warned Russia that if they continued mobilization then it would cause war between them. This threat made Austria agree to discuss with Russia a possible change in the ultimatum against Serbia. Germany also demanded Russia to demobilize, but Russia refused to do so, and on August 1, Germany declared war on Russia. On the same day the French also began to mobilize, thus leading to the eruption of several wars.
On August 2, the German government informed the government of Belgium of its intention to march into France through Belgium in order to prevent an attack on them by the French troops, for Germany had declared war on France on the 3rd of August. Meanwhile, the Belgium government refused this proposal and called on the witnesses of the Treaty of 1839, which guaranteed the justice of Belgium in case of a conflict in which Great Britain, France and Germany were involved in. Great Britain, one of the witnesses, on August 4, sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding that Belgium's justice must be respected. However, Germany refused and when the clock read twelve Germany and Great Britain were at war.
In this fight...