The October Revolution Essay

1590 words - 6 pages

The October Revolution

“The October Revolution was no more than a well planned military coup carried out with

out the knowledge and against the wishes of the people.”

This statement is entirely false, the October Revolution was wished for and very

necessary for the people of Russia, to bring more power back to the people. The events

of 1917 were crucial for the Bolsheviks, they represented their rise in power and their rise

in popularity with the people. It was these events that rallied the Russian people behind

the Bolshevik party and gave them the idea that a revolution was necessary. With this

argument I will first look back at the events in Russia that lead us to the October

Revolution and their effect on the people.

There were many events in Russian history before the October Revolution that

gave the Russian people less hope in their government, and made the idea of a revolution

seem inviting. Russia under the Tsarist system gave no power or rights to the people.

The autocratic system gave only the tsar rights and consequently all the power. In fact, it

was the tsar who told people what rights they had. The power in the autocracy flowed

from top to bottom, the top being the tsar and the bottom being people. “During the

system of Tsarism the peoples of Russia were systematically incited against one

another.”(pg.66, Daniels) During the Time of Trouble between 1598 and 1613 society

fell and there was no tsar to represent the people, Russia was undergoverned. During this

time, the Poles and the Swedes both invaded Russia. There is a battle going on over

lands between the nobles and the peasants who constitute 95% of Russia’s population.

With Russia being an agricultural society, the peasants first concern was surviving from

one harvest to the next. By this time society wants a dramatic change but the government

does not. The industrialization of Russia brought about the need for many workers, these

workers were mostly peasants working part time, and these same peasants eventually

became radicals. Marxist Revolutionaries targeted these unsatisfied workers to start a

revolution. Even during this time the thought of revolution was growing throughout

Russia. During the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-1905 everything went wrong for

Russia. Russia failed to win even a single battle, despite the fact their army was five

times the size of the Japanese army. The Russian government felt the war would unify

Russia and its people, but this did not happen. They also felt the war would be a good

distraction for the people, but it was the government who was distracted, and the people

who lost more hope and trust in their government.

The Bolsheviks offered a change for the people of Russia and a chance to win

back control in their government. The first sign for the Russian people that a revolution

could be...

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