The Center Of Gravity During The Falkland Conflict

1760 words - 7 pages

Much confusion has arisen from misinterpretation of Clausewitz’s discussions on Schwerpunkt or “center of gravity”. Many students of military theory interpret Clausewitz’s ideas through their own historical perspectives. For example, military officers tend to confuse military objectives for centers of gravity, assuming physical objects such as ships or cities are the source of a countries power. While these objects may provide tactical advantages, true power arises from the critical strengths possessed by a country, be they political, diplomatic, military, or informational. The Argentinean military junta made similar mistakes during their invasion of the Falklands. Without fully understanding the source of British power in the region, the Argentineans attacked military objectives, while missing British centers of gravity. Because they failed to analyze the critical factors and capabilities of both the enemy and themselves, they were doomed to failure from the outset of the mission.
Vego defines the center of gravity as the “source of massed strength—physical or moral—or a source of leverage whose serious degradation, dislocation, neutralization, or destruction would have the most decisive impact on the enemy’s or one’s own ability to accomplish a given military objective.” (Vego, 2007). On the strategic level, a nation’s strength arises from its political, military, economic, and informational power. Nations use these powers against opponents to achieve political goals. Successful campaigns leverage a nation’s strengths against enemy’s weaknesses.
By the fall of 1981, the Argentinean government under the leadership of General Galtieri and the military junta was experiencing a significant decrease of power. Economically, in the previous year inflation had risen 600% and GDP had fallen 11% (Rock, 1987). Politically, sovereignty claims against Chile in the Beagle Conflict had been decided in Chile’s favor by the Pope (Laudy, 2000). To distract the population, Galtieri sought to turn military and informational (psychological) strength into political capital. By capturing the Falkland Islands, Galtieri hoped spark a nationalistic fervor, thereby avoiding general strikes and a possible governmental overthrow. He had good reason to think that he would succeed.
Critical strengths are capabilities considered essential for accomplishing an objective. Argentina had several critical strengths that would serve her advantage (Vego, 2007). First off, Argentina had a moral and legal claim to the Falkland Islands (Laver, 2001, pp. 66-71). Three hundred miles off the coast of Argentina and 8000 miles from England, the Islands had been successively occupied by various colonial powers since they were first settled in 1764. The island had been under British sovereignty since the Argentinean governor was evicted in 1833. In 1960 the UN passed a declaration stating all former colonies should be allowed independence and self-determination. ...

Find Another Essay On The Center of Gravity During the Falkland Conflict

In the center of balance Essay

666 words - 3 pages Julia Zhu10/11/2014Dr. Hiles Period GIn the Center of Balance"Whoever you are, or whatever it is that you do, when you really want something; it's because that desire originated in the soul of the universe. It's your mission on earth" (22).Every individual existing on this planet has a dream, yet it is extremely hard to define what exactly a dream is. It is an invisible yet powerful force motivating people to work harder. The journey of people

Romantic Love as the Center of Conflict in A Streetcar Named Desire, Wuthering and Much Ado about Nothing

1306 words - 6 pages Romantic love is the centre of conflict and takes many forms in A Streetcar Named Desire, Wuthering and Much Ado about Nothing. Despite these three texts being of different genres they present romance similarly. In A Streetcar Named Desire, the audience perceive that Stanley’s and Stella’s relationship is mostly based on physical attraction. We recognise this when Stanley says that he wants to get rid of Blanche so that he and Stella “can make

Journey To The Center Of The Earth

333 words - 2 pages The Journey to the Center of the EarthBy: Zoe GrossMrs. FlynnNo scientist has ever been to the center of the earth, even machines. Nothing that scientist did could get them past the crust because the temperature and pressure increase the father you go down. Then how in the world do they know what's down there? Just like us we can tell what is in us by what's on the outside. Geologists are scientist who study earths inner by studying seismic

The Roles of School Resource Center

2085 words - 9 pages The first role of school resource center is is as a curricular activities center. It can be said school resource center exists through and for the school curriculum. Tilke states that the curriculum is often referred to as though it were a collection of subjects that appear on the timetable of schools but another way of looking at the curriculum is as all the experiences that school provides (as cited in Bartlett, Burton and Peim, 2002, p. 56

Analysis of the New Student Center

729 words - 3 pages For my informative speech, my specific purpose was to inform the audience about the New Student Center. I wanted them to be capable of making an informed decision, knowing all of the negatives and positives this building had to offer. I feel that I achieved my goal very successfully. I feel this due to how my audience was reacting during my presentation, and also watching my delivery on tape.For my introduction, I choose to use a question to get

The Center For Children of Incarcerated Parents

2388 words - 10 pages The social welfare program identified for the purpose of this paper is the Center for Children of Incarcerated parents. The social problem for which it was designed to address is that of the effects of parental incarceration on children and families of the incarcerated. Its’ target population, children and families of the incarcerated. This paper will explore how services are provided and its source of funding. Additionally

Equality Is the Center of Society

1237 words - 5 pages University Press, 1995). Accessed via National Humanities Center, (accessed March 22, 2014) “Natural and Inalienable Right to Freedom”: Slaves’ Petition for Freedom to the Massachusetts Legislature, 1777. Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 5th Series, III (Boston, 1877). Accessed via History Matters, (accessed March 22, 2014

Conflict and Bloodshed During the American Civil War

1390 words - 6 pages No other conflict has brought as much bloodshed, trauma, and division to the United States of America than the American Civil War. While other wars that Americans have fought in may have been fought on larger scales, with grander armies and greater resources, none compare to the lasting effects of the Civil War which continue to plague the Nation to this day. Approximately 618,000 Americans lost their lives between the years of 1861 and 1865

First Nations Conflict with the Europeans due to the over hunting of Beavers during the Fur Trade

1211 words - 5 pages disrupting their lifestyle; the Europeans depleted the resources that the First Nations depended on most for survival. Not to mention, removing animals vital to a successful ecosystem and of spiritual importance from the area, causing European and First Nation conflict. [3] Over Hunting during the Fur Trade is evident, and resulted in the near extinction of some animals popular for furs, such as Beaver, Mink, Otter and Marten. The depletion of these

The Culture of Conflict

1469 words - 6 pages Persepolis is a graphic novel in which Marjane Satrapi describes her and her family’s experiences in Iran during the Iranian revolution and Iran-Iraqi war. Her story shows the changes and struggles her society underwent, and how it subsequently affected her outlook on life. The events and observations detailed in the book contribute to Huntington’s idea that cultural influences were becoming the dominant source of conflict in the new world

The Conflict of Prostitution

1416 words - 6 pages society, the debatable conflict of prostitution definitely affects individuals in a negative way; however, there are positive aspects to such an issue as well. To begin, prostitution is known as one of the oldest professions, and it dates as far back as 2400 BCE (Sexton and Cushman, Web). No one can pinpoint the origin, but is it really expected? Obviously, people have been sexually active for all of our existence. This is known because we are

Similar Essays

The Pains Of Gravity Essay

1159 words - 5 pages Gravity is a neutral force that causes things to fall toward the Earth and keeps structure in the universe. Many people think that the appealing experience of weightlessness or zero gravity comes at no price and are unaware of the many effects behind the pleasant sensation of floating. An astronaut’s job is to be in outer space and examine celestial bodies and extraterrestrial planets, but there are many health hazards that come with the job. An

The Gravity Of Orientalism Essay

1364 words - 5 pages The Gravity of Orientalism In Orientalism, Edward Said argues the countless aspects of the term “Orientalism”, as well as its roots, the principal philosophies and arguments behind it, and the influence that Orientalism has had on the relationship between the West and the East. Several reasons including political, economic, moral, and cultural justify the necessity for conquest of the Orient. Said’s concept of Orientalism analyzes the concepts

Venezuela's Center Of Gravity Analysis

1744 words - 7 pages primary center of gravity. Consistently increasing world energy needs has driven oil prices steadily upwards with few exceptions, which is a COG CR for Venezuela’s petroleum industry and the success of Venezuela’s economic system. As such, President Maduro leads a country that has profited massively from its sole source of steady revenue: petroleum dividends. Along with its anti-U.S. agenda, this revenue also enabled the Executive Office to assume

The Gravity Of Domestic Violence In America

1635 words - 7 pages For generations, the gravity of domestic violence in America has been disregarded and glossed over; perhaps it is because 60 percent of all domestic violence takes place at home. Domestic violence is defined as, the situation in which an intimate partner or someone you live with attacks you and tries to hurt you, often including physical assault, sexual assault, and bullying. “Every year, more than 3 million children witness domestic violence in