The Marginalization Of Minority Groups In The Electoral System

1387 words - 6 pages

The marginalization of minority groups in the electoral system impedes a comprehensive representation by further entrenching and aggravating ethnic division. The lack of minority representation in political-decision making has limited the ability of a true representative democracy to come into fruition. The inconsistency of elected assemblies mirroring the population has decreased the representation of ethnic minorities and deepened the racial and ethnic cleavages. Reforming the electoral system to accommodate proportional representation will not only enhance interethnic relations, but also ensure that racial, ethnic, and social diversity is reflected in national leadership. This paper will aim to create to create a strong electoral system that promotes the sustainability and longevity of democracy amidst racial and ethnic cleavages. To do so, I will show that proportional representation under parliamentary system can not only bridge the gap between underrepresented minorities and national leadership, but also ensure that there is a more equitable diffusion of power. I will focus on outlining the essential components of proportional representation to provide the framework for my argument. Assessing the tenets of this type of democracy will elucidate its distinguishable factor that makes it apt to curb this challenge. In addition, the assertions of Linz, Cheibub, and Lijphart will substantiate my argument that a parliamentary system, unlike a presidential system, can allow greater proportional representation of all minorities. To ensure a more balance and equitable representation of the candidate pool, I will argue the necessity of employing a Single Transferable vote. While many may see the flexibility and lack of stability in parliamentary systems as a flaw, its emplacement will lay the foundation for a strong and sustainable democracy that will not only strengthen civil society, but also ensure a more equitable and just representation.
Having a strong, efficient electoral system is essential for instituting a framework of governance that guarantees the protection of a citizen’s constitutional liberties and, their “right to have a voice in how they are governed.” Due to the complexity of creating and electoral system, many factors must be taken into consideration to administer an effective and sustainable system of government, such as the historical and social circumstances of that society. This society is not in need of rapid decision making legislature or a unified, decisive executive leadership, but a proportional representation that reflects minority interests. In a society with minority cleavages that entrench social divisions, a proportional representation under a parliamentary system is indispensable. From this, national leadership will not only mirror ethnic and social diversity, but also further the continuation of democracy. In this regime, the only democratic institution is the parliament, where the government’s authority is...

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