The Impact Of The Laboratory On Nineteenth Century Medicine?

1598 words - 6 pages

The laboratory had an influential impact on nineteenth century medicine. It saw technological advances such as the microscope allowing the observation of cells and micro-organisms and the way minute cells were formed and appeared. The practice of medicine allowed hospitals to seek advice and improve diagnosis by the study of body parts and the workings of the body such as the study and discovery of the digestive system. Education was progressed with students having to pass laboratory tests before attending hospitals for clinical training in many parts of Europe by the end of the nineteenth century. What the period saw was grace to an abundance and change from theory to fact through careful observation and experiment.
The practice of medicine was fundamentally changed by the laboratory in the nineteenth century. The use of the laboratory allowed practitioners to provide precise diagnosis and treatment in areas such as bacteriology. Louis Pasteur of France injected animals with a weak strain of a bacterium of a disease and created vaccinations from his studies in the laboratory and tests on animals showed positive results. The experimentation of animals was the only time a physician could “…achieve true medical science’ (Source Book 2, p.68) remarked physiologist Claude Bernard in an 1865 essay. Even though Pasteur researched rare diseases such as anthrax he paved the way for physicians such as Robert Koch who discovered the bacteria of tuberculosis which in this period was a major killer of the period. These discoveries lead to tests of tuberculosis vaccine therapies and allowing treatment of the disease. The creation of these vaccines to aid the practice of physicians was greatly ameliorated by the study of microorganisms causing disease. Even though hospitals used laboratories sparingly to aid diagnosis by the end of the period their role raised more insight into the effects disease had on the body thus improving diagnosis and treatment. At the Glasgow Western Infirmary the pathologists were seen as a ‘….check upon the clinical diagnosis, usually confirming it, but sometimes correcting the surgeon’s view’ (Source Book 2, p.82). As said even though the laboratory was used sparingly in hospitals and many clinicians saw the laboratory as a threat, its use allowed better diagnosis and allowed surgeons to better their understanding of the workings of the body allowing improvement of medical practice and knowledge.
Steadily throughout the nineteenth century knowledge of medicine improved and progressed thanks to work in the laboratories. The study of histology and looking at minute plant cells through microscopes helped pave the way for the understanding of cells and their structure. The use of the microscope helped mount an array of knowledge on physiology allowing a better understanding of how the body worked. Research in the laboratory allowed physiologists to discover the workings of the brain as a localised agent processing parts of the body...

Find Another Essay On The Impact of the Laboratory on Nineteenth-Century Medicine?

Importance of Patriarchy in the Nineteenth Century

1585 words - 6 pages The status of married women in nineteenth- and twentieth-century peasant societies is a field of study that is currently being nourished by a number of major theories, questions and hypotheses. In relation to them, our essay seeks to outline a model of the male/female relationship in the rural parts of the Saguenay region during the settlement period. The time frame extends from 1860--by which time some 20 parishes had been opened--until the

THE EFFECTS OF THE MOVEMENTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY ON THE AGE OF NATURALISM

1930 words - 8 pages caused changes in the way people thought, the present literary movement, Realism, underwent some changes, such as the deterministic and more objective approach of man. Also, the effects of the social changes in the 19th Century reflected on authors’ styles; thus, the Age of Naturalism began. In comparison with the ages that came before and after, Naturalist literature had a lot in common, as well as several differences between. When compared

Tuberculosis in the Nineteenth Century

869 words - 4 pages In David Barnes book, The Making of a Social Disease: Tuberculosis in Nineteenth-Century France, Barnes challenges the reader by questioning the way we see medicine. In the introduction of the book, Barnes first sentence creates a subtitle scare in the reader with the first few lines of “Tuberculosis is back. In most developed nations, a steady decline throughout most of the twentieth century reversed itself beginning in the mid­1980s, and

Opera in the Nineteenth Century

999 words - 4 pages How would feel if you were in the La Scala opera house, listening to a Vincenzo Bellini operas. Would it be warm felt or just would be nice to be there. To know that there is people out there that can sing with the power and flexibility that they can do. Vincenzo Bellini is one of the many opera composers that the nineteenth century had to offer (The National Opera Center America). Bellini like many of the composers in this time was born in

Women in the Nineteenth Century

906 words - 4 pages social roles, roles in families and economic status’s of women will be described. This paper will touch on points like, the idea of holding on to old traditions and ways versus, letting go of old ways changing our mindset and becoming more industrialized as the society around us changes. Although in the late nineteenth century many people were working in factories and living in the city. In Neighbour Rosicky, Rosicky was trying to hold on to the old

Reform movements of the first half of the nineteenth century

1015 words - 4 pages responsible for women gaining many other rights as well. The divorce laws were changed so that women could more easily get out of bad marriages. They were allowed to keep their in comes and not have to hand them over to their husbands or fathers. They were also given the right to own property among many others. The Women's Rights Movement of the nineteenth century has had a lasting impact on everyday American society.The Abolitionist Movement which

Painting in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century

1587 words - 6 pages masters from the latter half of the nineteenth century. It was theseartists who built the bridge whereby the next generation could continue on and developModern art as we know it today: Courbet and Manet forever changed our perceptions ofwhat is considered proper subject matter on the canvas, Monet and van Gogh's use ofcolor laid the foundations for Expressionism and Fauvism, and Cezanne's use of shapeand form led to the most radical break with

Analysis of the Appalachian Culture in the Late Nineteenth Century

1059 words - 4 pages ). In this paper, we will dig more deeply in the rich Appalachian culture that existed in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century. We will focus on variety of interesting Appalachian cultural aspects such as music, dance and food. Before we ponder in the exquisite Appalachian cultural practices and beliefs, let us know more about its geographic region. “Appalachia is a 205,000-square-mile region that follows the spine of the Appalachian

Global Domination of Europe before the Nineteenth Century

2164 words - 9 pages influence on economic, political, and cultural development throughout the globe was assisted by a host of mitigating factors, location, demographics, religion, trade, survival and conquest. To change any of these factors may have caused a shift in power and a following rise for another civilization. European domination by the nineteenth century was inevitable, driven by the forces of geographic location, trade relations, ideology and

Global Domination of Europe before the Nineteenth Century

2162 words - 9 pages influence on economic, political, and cultural development throughout the globe was assisted by a host of mitigating factors, location, demographics, religion, trade, survival and conquest. To change any of these factors may have caused a shift in power and a following rise for another civilization. European domination by the nineteenth century was inevitable, driven by the forces of geographic location, trade relations, ideology and

Theme of the Nineteenth Century: Revolution and Political Movement

1029 words - 4 pages The main theme of the nineteenth century is definitely political movement and revolution (seeing that one leads to the other). Huge steps forward were made during the nineteenth century. One of the events that started this century off on the right foot was the French Revolution. It took a lot of brutal killing, but in the end it had far-reaching results. The bourgeois and landowning classes came to be the dominant power. Another was the Women's

Similar Essays

The Changes In Medicine In The Nineteenth Century

2283 words - 9 pages ggr seggggw orgg ggk ingg fogg gg. The hospitals had become cleaner and death from infection became infrequent, thanks to people like Semmelweiss and Lister, operations were not painful because anaesthetics had been invented. The coming of electricity in the late nineteenth century meant that more complicated machines could be invented such as the x-ray machine. Medicine had always relied on other technologies and

Medicine And General Health In The Nineteenth Century

2111 words - 8 pages believed that the harsh judgement of God because of man’s sins resulted in punishment such as the bubonic plague. “For the first time, religion started to lose its grip on broad groups of people” (Ice “Medicine in the Victorian Era”). As one studies the nineteenth century, one notices that religion no longer controlled the opinions and medical views of the people. Although religion formerly tainted their outlook on medicine and health, scientific

Antiseptic Discoveries Of The Nineteenth Century

2084 words - 8 pages , but not for diseases. Infections and illnesses were thought to have been caused by impurities in the air. Doctors did not understand the necessity of cleanliness when dealing with patients and were unaware that they could be transmitting diseases from one patient to another with their unwashed hands. Doctors in the mid-nineteenth century made revolutionary advances that influenced modern medicine. Three such men were Ignaz Semmelweis, Louis

Confined Women Of The Nineteenth Century

2624 words - 10 pages narrator of “The Yellow Wallpaper” and Lily from The House of Mirth both struggle throughout their womanhood. Edith Wharton and Charlotte Gilman use different point of views to emphasize how eternal forces, such as entrapment, powerlessness, and subordinance of women ultimately lead to their overwhelming confinement in the nineteenth century society. In “The Yellow Wallpaper,” Gilman immediately gives readers the most important elements at the