The Holy Roman Empire Between 1197 1218

2370 words - 9 pages

The Holy Roman Empire between 1197-1218

Between 1197 and 1218 the Holy Roman Empire became a medieval soap opera. The main characters were Pope Innocent III, Fredrick II, Phillip of Swabbia, and Otto IV. King Phillip of France would also play a major role along with Constance, mother of Fredrick II. The background from this period of 21 years was riveting. In 1197 Henry VI, king of Sicily, and the Holy Roman Empire died leaving his two year old son Fredrick II as king of Sicily. However Phillip of Swabbia and Otto IV would vie for the throne in the Holy Roman Empire. A double election concurred and both Otto and Phillip were elected. The two had a war which was ended in 1204 by the Pope, naming Otto the king. Yet in 1207, the kingship would change again and Phillip of Swabbia would become king. However just over a year after becoming king Phillip would be booted from the throne in 1208. Otto would take over as king of the Empire. However in 1211 Otto IV, would no longer be king of the Holy Roman Empire as he would be replaced by the young Fredrick II. Interestingly enough Fredrick II was raised by Pope Innocent III giving the pope some major power inside the Holy Roman Empire. During this time during the rule of Otto and Otto (after Phillip died in Otto’s second reign), two crusades were going on in which Otto participated in. During 1204 a crusade was brought forth by Innocent during the same time as a war over the throne was being fought. My essay is on the Holy Roman Empire between the death of Henry and the return of Fredrick II back to Germany in 1220. We will start in 1197 after Henry VI has died.
In 1197 the Imperial throne had created an opening with the death of Henry VI. No one had been elected into his spot; The Pope made his first major decision and made good use of the opportunity set before him. Innocent soon got not only the prefect of Rome, but the Senator of Rome to swear allegiance to the pope. Already in Innocents reign as the Pontificate of Rome, Innocent was asserting his power. The Germans had ruled the Holy Roman Empire for many years, the Italians were tired of German rule and wanted one of their own as Emperor, thus Pope Innocent III found it very easy to assert his power throughout Italy, and soon had the whole Italian Peninsula sworn to his allegiance. First he sent two papal delegates, cardinals, to Murkwood, demanding the restoration of the Romagna, and the March of Ancona to the church. Here Innocent suffered his first set back. When the two delegates returned with Murkwoods evasive answer Innocent suffered a minor set back. However the witty Pope would not suffer that much of one, as he soon ordered the mass excommunication of him and his whole legion from the church, and got the Papal legions to run him out of Italy. Once Emperor Henry VI died his four-year old son Fredrick II was named King of Sicily. The widowed mother of Fredrick II ruled for him but could not handle the pressure of the Norman nobles who...

Find Another Essay On The Holy Roman Empire between 1197-1218

Christianity & the Roman Empire Essay

609 words - 2 pages The Success of Christianity in the Roman Empire The Roman Empire, before Christianity, was a polytheistic culture. There were many gods and goddesses that were worshiped for different reasons. Even small communities within the Roman Empire recognized their own deities along with the more popular gods and goddesses. As time progressed, Roman Emperors were soon included with the polytheistic worship. Julius Caesar himself claimed to be a

The Roman Empire Essay

1079 words - 4 pages When discussing the greatest empires in the history of the world, one that will always be included in the conversation is the Roman Empire. With an empire that spread from Hadrian’s Wall to Arabia, it is considered one of the mightiest empires in history. There was no single factor or individual that can be considered to be the driving force behind the success of the Roman Empire. It is rather a success founded upon political policies

The Roman Empire

1345 words - 6 pages The Roman Empire was one of the largest, strongest, and longest lasting empires in history. It lasted over five hundred years surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and at its zenith, stretched from the British Isles to the Persian Sea. The empire brought with it many technological achievements and advancements in art, medicine and language. Unfortunately, as with all great empires, it must end. There was much causation for the empire’s demise, most

The roman empire

532 words - 2 pages (98-117).The most popular Roman Emperor after Augustus, Trajan also engaged in eastern conquests against Parthia, yet died before the troubled regions could be adequately secured. His successor, Hadrian (117-138), abandoned Parthian expansion, yet maintained gains in Dacia and Moesia, allowing the gradual process of Romanization and Latinization to begin. In his attempts to administratively regularize all regions in the Empire and rationalize

Imperialsim: The Roman Empire

2232 words - 9 pages Throughout history, the major powers of the world constantly seek to conquer other parts of the world. Most of the powers were centralized in Europe, for example the Roman Empire. During the Age of Exploration, the idea of taking over other nations is brought back in a more modernized way. Imperialism is the idea of a major power controlling another nation or land with the intentions to use the native people and resources to help the mother

Fall of the Roman Empire

1420 words - 6 pages areas that they had been assigned . As the funds and the labor declined, the north borders became very vulnerable to attacks from outsiders making the empire weak. 3. Another reason that might have led to the fall of the Roman Empire is the continued growth between the wide gulfs of the various classes within the empire. The poor individuals in this empire were unable and unwilling to meet the tax and work demands that had been put upon them

The Roman Empire and Ireland

1873 words - 7 pages to improve themselves. This essay will outline the contacts between Ireland and the Roman Empire (and its legacy) and discuss the effects of these contacts on the island.The first links between Ireland and the Roman Empire would have been through trading. The apparent isolation of Ireland by the sea is, in fact, misleading, as the seas linked rather than divided people. In "A History of the Irish Church 400-700 AD it is suggested that the seas

History Of The Roman Empire

1211 words - 5 pages day.In 44 bc Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman leader who ruled the Roman Republic as a dictator, was assassinated. Rome descended into more than ten years of civil war and political upheaval. After Caesar's heir Gaius Octavius (also known as Octavian) defeated his last rivals, the Senate in 27 bc proclaimed him Augustus, meaning the exalted or holy one. In this way Augustus established the monarchy that became known as the Roman Empire. The Roman

Fall Of The Roman Empire

1786 words - 8 pages :// life 2012, Accessed 2 Oct. 12]The final factor that caused the Roman Empire to crumble was the ethnic issues surrounding the population. For a period, citizenship was welcomed to any who were in alliance with Rome, to unify the populous on the basis of Roman customs, religion and laws. This was supposed to be a great decision but instead caused segregation between

Christiany and The Roman Empire

642 words - 3 pages was banned religion in Rome until AD 313, when Emperor Constantine made Christianity official religion. Christianity played more than important role in fall of an empire; it was reason that destroyed Roman Empire, because people started to ignore emperor. People say that Rome fell because of pervasion which isn’t true because there was a corruption in economy, no middle class and that they always had a war with someone. The reason why

Mercy in the Roman Empire

738 words - 3 pages Throughout all of Roman history, the basic Roman principle has always been that no mercy is to be shown. By A.D. 300, an emperor’s primary job was to defend their Empire from barbarians, and all other affairs, including the choosing of emperors, laid in the hands of the Imperial Guard. What brought down the fall of the Empire? It was not the greed, incompetence, brutality, or insanity of many emperors. Rather, it was the showing of

Similar Essays

The Holy Roman Empire Essay

1858 words - 8 pages together. According to Encyclopedia Britannica after Louis the Pious he was succeeded by Lothar (795-855) his son. He was the eldest son of Louis and Grandson to Charlemagne. I revolt was headed by the three sons of Louis and he yet he started to split up the empire between his sons and giving the title of the Holy Roman Emperor to Lothar. When Louis died in 840 Lothar had the Rights to the thrown, but was ousted by his brothers. When it was all

The Decline Of The Holy Roman Empire

3239 words - 13 pages split the empire’s states into Protestant and Catholic divisions, straining the peace between territories. Though the relationship between the princes and the emperor had already been tenuous, the princes, seeing the religious divisions, sensed weakness in the empire and further challenged imperial authority. The Holy Roman emperors battled Protestant princes in Germany into the seventeenth century, where tensions were still high from the

Colonization Of Spain, England, And The Holy Roman Empire

967 words - 4 pages In order to understand colonization, it is important to consider the background of the events leading up to colonization. In Spain for instance, the re-conquest of Grenada as well as the search for new trade routes are important events that lead up to colonization. In England, the Civil War between parliament and the monarchy affected colonization as well. The living situation for people in the Holy Roman Empire was deemed not good enough for

The Roman Empire Essay

2391 words - 10 pages Ancient Rome, the period between the 8th and 1st centuries B.C. in which Rome grew from a little colony to an emerging empire. "Roman imperialism introduced extremes of wealth and poverty that honed social and economic conflict within the Roman state ." The enormous army and their countless loots, as well as their captured slaves, produced many changes along the countryside such as small farms becoming large plantations, and peasants