The Future of Cloning
Among the vast amount of controversies in the world today, the "birth" of Dolly, the sheep, gave rise to one that was able to shake the very principles of human existence and human interaction. As the idea of human cloning bravely steps out to the horizon, facing us in the most blunt way, it forces us to challenge issues, once so dear and so integral to our society. Issues of identity, individuality, and uniqueness are now, for the first time, questioned as never before. Even our conceptions of what is/was right and what is/was wrong are now re-called to be looked over and to be double-checked. The ideas of cloning animals and humans are, in fact, extremely controversial in their origin and in the effects the two will bring upon humanity. The articles, "Study Cloning, Don't Ban It," by Daniel J. Kevles, and, "Hello Dolly," by Ellen Goodman, are just one example of the arguments that are constantly postulated before the human population.
In the two articles the opinionated authors discuss the prospective issues of animal and human cloning using their mostly different, but sometimes similar, basis on the subject matter. In their arguments, the very first and the very obvious difference between opinions of Daniel Kevles and Ellen Goodman is the issue of cloning sheep and animals in general. It is clear that Kevles is extremely optimistic about and very supportive of animal cloning. He has a lot of confidence and quite a bit of expectations, and dreams, if you will, in the advantages and the benefits that animal cloning has yet to give humanity. Kevles states that, with cloning, our possibilities and "fantasies are endless" (133). After all, Dolly's birth only "marks a milestone in our ability to engineer animals for food and medicine," says Kevles (132). In other words, Dolly's birth is simply the wonderful beginning of a new era in agricultural and medicinal worlds. Furthermore, Kevles implicitly suggests that Dolly's birth not only proclaims but also brings us to a close proximity of "wondrous innovations with huge economic implications" of the future (134).
Ellen Goodman, however, is not so optimistic of the issue of animal cloning. To the contrary, Goodman is extremely critical and sarcastic in her, almost satiric, argument of the topic. Goodman does not explicitly state her opinion on the issue, though, she makes it clear that cloning of animals should not be used as the sole precursor to human cloning; she believes the two are incomparable. "Individuality" (an integral part of humanity), for instance, is at the least, only one the incomparable differences between humans and sheep; "individuality was never the ewes' strong point", insists Goodman (Goodman 134). In addition, Goodman is choosing to be quite ignorant of the advantages animal cloning has to offer humanity. In her statements, "What are they bred for anyway? Lamb chops? Wool? Nursery rhymes?", she purposely chooses not to acknowledge...