The Causes Of Malaria And Treatment Options

1818 words - 7 pages

Did you know that every 30 seconds a child who is infected with Malaria dies? (Malaria, World Health Organization) Over 20% of the world population is at risk at getting Malaria each day? If you want a better idea on what 20% of the world population is, it’s over 1.3 billion people. Hundreds of millions of people are infected with Malaria right now, and it can lead to millions of deaths each year. (Malaria: Past and Present) However you cannot get this disease in certain places. Some of the countries such as Australia and North America are some of the areas you cannot get Malaria in, unless you travel to areas that have Malaria and come back infected. Malaria is also not found in areas that have cold climates. Even if you live in one of these places, it doesn’t mean that you’re not at risk at getting Malaria. Traveling to South America or Africa can put you at risk, because if a mosquito bites you and it’s already previously bitten a person that’s infected with Malaria, you could definitely get it. However you might ask, what causes Malaria? (Malaria, 1120-1123, Encyclopedia Of Family Health)
Well what causes Malaria is that there’s this group of parasites called plasmodia. For plasmodia to survive, it must depend on the organism since they need to feed on the organism to stay alive. However there’s not just one species of it, there’s four different types of species of this parasite that causes Malaria in humans. The name of the four different species of parasite is Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. These are the only four species of parasites that infect humans; it does not affect anything else. Out of these four species that causes Malaria in human beings, there is one that is the most deadly. P. falciparum is the most dangerous one because falciparum malaria is also known as the “malignant tertian malaria”. For this type of parasite, you usually get a fever every 3 days. It’s also because over 85% of the people who died of Malaria have P. falciparum. The other three types are not as dangerous as this one. However, all four types of these parasites are still very deadly and all four of these parasites can lead into death. (Malaria, 1120-1123, Encyclopedia Of Family Health)
There are not many ways for someone to get Malaria, but there is one way. The female anopheles mosquito must have already bitten a person that’s been infected with Malaria, but when the mosquito takes the blood from the infected person, the mosquito must pick up the female and male parasites also known as the gametocytes or else they can’t carry the disease around. The mosquito also needs some time for the gametocytes to get into the stomach. After that the both come together and make a fertilized egg cell in the stomach. It keeps developing until it becomes a sporozoite. Once that process is done the sporozoites travel to the mosquito’s mouth, so the next time that the mosquito bites someone, the sporozoites can be injected into the person that’s...

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