The Bolshevik Revolution
The Bolshevik Revolution started many changes in Russia. One of the most dramatic changes was the change of their form of government to communism. This was brought about by the murder of the Czar and his family by the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were sure to include the whole family in the murder because of the fear that someday one might comeback and reclaim power. So on July 17, 1918 Czar Nicholas II and his family were murdered. Although there were rumors about his daughter Anastasia escaping, she never resurfaced into society (Mestrovic 18).
Another significant change in Russia came about in 1922. It was declared as the U.S.S.R. when ethnic territories of the Russian empire were united with the Russian
Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (Pipes 44). The Bolsheviks Revolution led to the demise of Russia as a world power because of the resulting up rise of communism, the Cold War and severe economic depression.
There are three major reasons why the Bolshevik Revolution led to the demise of Russia as a world power with one of these reasons being the resulting up rise of communism. Vladimir Ilych Lenin planned an uprising of communism in Russia for more than twenty-five years. He finally planed an up rise on November 7,1917 because there was a meeting of the Congress of Soviets scheduled that day. Knowing that no one would dare to challenge him, he seized control of the capital and demanded peace, land reform and worker’s control of factories (Mestrovic 22).
But once in power, Lenin turned his back on all programs of reform. The only promise he kept was to take Russia out of World War one. A few weeks before the November revolution, Lenin wrote “ We fight for a more democratic worker’s and peasant’s republic in which the police and standing army will be completely abolished and all official persons will not only be elected but they will be subject to recall at anytime upon the demand of the majority electors.”(23) Police and standing army
abolished? Umm no. In fact Lenin started his own secret police, the Cheka, and built up his army to nearly five million men. (Encarta) Lenin was also sure to exile Kerensky out of Russia to end any threat of a loss of power.(Trotsky 78)
Shortly after Lenin’s death in 1941, Joseph Stalin became leader. He quickly transformed the Soviet Union into a complete Totalitarian state. Soon after, he began the Great Purge, which was the campaign of removing all opposition to the communist rule, millions of Russians were murdered. This left Stalin with a generation of officials loyal to him alone. However, the country was more vulnerable because of the reduction of the high ranking military officials that were capable of running the armies. (Pipes 78)
Which brings us to another factor that led to the demise of Russia, the Cold War. A major cause of the cold war was the fact that Stalin never trusted American...