During the time period from 1765 to 1800, the government of the Colonies and eventually that of the United States, dealt with countless issues to create the system which governs the citizens of the United States today. Starting in 1765 with the passage of the Stamp Act by the British monarchy up to 1798 with the election of Thomas Jefferson as President in 1800 by the Colonial government, the aforesaid government, fought to rid itself of constant threats to the liberties and freedoms of the American people and the greater good as well as to preserve its intended purpose for as long as it is able. Political leaders such as Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Adams, and Alexander Hamilton all had concerns about competing interests that would weaken the government and were adamant in their efforts to prevent it from being crushed under the weight of its own problems.
The United States system of government has always had one purpose and one purpose only: to serve the people and strive for the best interest of the public good, rather than that of those in the White House (Document A). Without this crucial principle to stand upon, the Republic of the United States would never have been formed. The American people, who “governed” the Republic, would never have had a say in their government. The government of the United States was formed upon the principle to serve the salus populi and to never let the any one branch, the Executive, Legislative, or the Judicial get more power than any other. A system of checks and balances was created for this reason, and even though it limited the powers of the government, it helped to sustain a level of equality between citizens and government in the country and prevent America from spiraling back into the severely limited British monarchy from which the country had just severed itself from in the Revolutionary War. “I can consent to no government, which, in my opinion is not calculated equally to preserve the rights of all orders of men in the community” (Document F).
Prior to and through the Revolutionary War and the creation of the Union, along with the ideas of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, citizens of the colonies had no idea that it was possible to alter or abolish their government if, for any reason it overstepped the boundaries of its power. Under the British monarchy, the people of the colonies had no freedoms or say in much of their daily lives; everything they bought or consumed raised revenue for the British through excessive taxes and acts. For example, with the Stamp Act of 1765, all paper in the colonies from death certificates to newspapers was supposed to have a stamp on it to show that a tax had been paid, which raised revenue for a colonial army and also was the beginning of colonial resentment of British policies.
After much protest to this act, the British Parliament put in place the Declaratory Act of 1766, which repealed the Stamp Act but also gave Parliament the full...