The Battle Of Stalingrad Essay

4404 words - 18 pages

The Battle of Stalingrad

The battle of Stalingrad was fought between the invading forces of Nazi Germany and the
forces of Soviet Union who were defending the city. The battle was fought from August
1942 to February of 1943. This was the decisive battle of World War II because it ended
the German offensive as well as destroying much of the German armies. Though the early
stages of World War II focused on Western Europe, Hitler had diverted his attention to
Russia by 1941. At first the huge German war machine focused on Leningrad and Moscow.
This attack failed and so by the summer of 1942 Hitler wanted to invade southern Russia.
Against the advice of his generals Hitler attacked Stalingrad. The German forces took much
of the city. German armies surrounded the city and so the Russians were trapped and would
remain so for several months. When reinforcements arrived for the Soviets they surrounded
the Germans and forced them to surrender. The battle of Stalingrad not only destroyed much
of the German army, but also ended their offensive in Russia and ultimately resulted in
Germany’s defeat in the second World War.
World War II began after years of German dominance in central Europe. Germany had
annexed many nearby nations before war was finally declared in September 1939. Nazi
Germany had many early successes because their military had been mobilized for a long
time while the allies, who at this point were only Britain and France, were less prepared,
especially the French. Hitler wisely signed a non-aggression pact with Stalin and by doing
so Germany easily overwhelmed Poland and other lands in Eastern Europe by the end of
1939. By this point the allies were entrenched in France expecting a repeat
of World War I. In the spring of 1940, the Nazi blitzkrieg continued as they occupied
Denmark, Norway, and Holland. Now, Germany turned toward France and surprised the
allies by invading through Belgium. Within several weeks France was occupied and the
British had been driven off the continent. By July 1940, Germany dominated nearly all of
continental Europe, as Italy was an ally and Russia was neutral. Germany saw Britain as
its last remaining enemy and so prepared for an invasion. In order to do so Hitler
recognized that air supremacy would be necessary for any successful invasion to take place.
The German air force, the Luftwaffe, was met with great resistance, and by late 1940 Hitler
gave up hope of an immediate invasion of Britain. At this point, the best strategy for
Germany would have been to attack North Africa and the Middle East as this would give
Germany the Suez Canal and therefore would cut off Britain’s supply of oil. Instead Hitler’s
obsession with a vast eastern European empire had already determined that his next course
of action would be to invade the Soviet Union.
With western Europe secure, for the time being, Hitler decided to embark on a...

Find Another Essay On The Battle of Stalingrad

Battle Of Stalingrad And The Subjucation Of The Sixth Army

2189 words - 9 pages the fast approaching winter. In an effort to counter this Stalin brought in a policy of "slash and burn". Frequently German soldiers in need of supply would come across villages burnt to the ground.The Germans progressed quickly over much of Russia. As they neared the city of Stalingrad the evacuation of children and non essential civilians began. The bulk of the city's population still remained however in late August 1942 when the battle of

Complete Book Review for book Enemy at the Gates: "The Battle for Stalingrad" by William Craig. - Summary of Book - Thoughts and Feelings about it

714 words - 3 pages Book Review for Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad by William CraigBy: Cole HaymondWilliam Craig has done a wonderful job with the complete overview of the Battle for Stalingrad. What is interesting about the book is the fact that it follows different people and it shows their progression as you go through the book. The book tells the stories of citizens fighting for their lives, Privates, Corporals, Sergeants on the front lines, to

The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle of Okinawa

1652 words - 7 pages The Bloodiest Battle The Battle of Okinawa (codenamed Operation Iceberg) proved to be the deadliest battle on the Pacific side of World War II. The battle involved six countries and more than 180,000 casualties. It became the last campaign in the Pacific and changed the course of history. In part of the island hopping campaign, the United States knew in order to invade mainland Japan, they would need the last piece of the puzzle. Okinawa was

The Battle of Normandy

1634 words - 7 pages the decisive battle would indeed be fought. The Russian counteroffensive at Stalingrad had pushed backed Hitler's control in Eastern Europe, but he still retained much of the mainland. Two years before the Normandy invasion, Russia's leader, Joseph Stalin, had been pushing the British and Americans to mount a "second front" in the west. This at the time seemed inconceivable. The Americans, however inconceivable it may have seemed, supported

Battle of the Somme

1053 words - 5 pages The Battle of the Somme, or “humanity’s bloodiest battle”, took place between July 1st and November 18th, 1916 (Wikipedia). The German Empire was pitted against the French and British Empires, resulting in over 1,000,000 men wounded or killed, 60,000 of them being on the first day of the battle. This battle was one of the largest and bloodiest battles on World War I, making it consequential to the French, British, and German Empires. Although

The Battle of Britain

632 words - 3 pages My topic of this essay is "the Battle of Britain". I think "the Battle of Britain" is an important event in the British 20th century. In this essay I will explain this battle between Germany and Britain, discuss the importance of winning this battle, and what could be the consequences if Britain lost this battle. Lastly I will discuss how this event has marked the British history in later time."The Battle of Britain" took place during the WW2

The Battle of Gettysburg

1286 words - 6 pages It is known as the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil: The Battle of Gettysburg. It seemed that the battlefield was hungering and thirsting for blood. Entering with great momentum, the South lost. The Battle of Gettysburg roared on for three whole days until the North, finally, was victorious. This victory added to the North’s dwindling momentum. This battle delivered a major blow to the South’s ego and drove the

The Battle of Yorktown

1367 words - 6 pages The Revolutionary War started in 1775. The American colonies have had enough of the British occupants and set their foot down in pursuit to freedom and independence. Each battle that happened during the Revolutionary War had its own significance and contributions to the independence of the colonies. Many brave men laid their lives in pursuit of the dream of independence from British control. One particular battle paved the way for that

Battle of the Atlantic

836 words - 3 pages The Battle of the Atlantic was a battle during World War II for control of the routes used by Britain to move supplies across the Atlantic. The Battle of the Atlantic was started by the Germans. It was not a direct attack but an indirect attack. Britain, as an island country has always depended on sea-going trade. During WWII this was even more the case. Britain needed to import over one million tons of supplies every week. By this battle, the

The Battle of Saratoga

840 words - 4 pages did this so he could get all of his money back. The Americans were tired of this treatment so they decided to act and war had began. The Battle of Saratoga The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of The American Revolutionary War. On June 1777, British and Hessian army departed from St. Johns to Fort Ticonderoga at the south end of the lake. The army of 7,000 had separated and started a long march to war. On October 17, 1777

The Battle of Salamis

1016 words - 4 pages The Battle of Salamis was the first great naval battle recorded in the history. There were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and continued until 448 BC. The Battle of Salamis was one of the conflicts between them that occured in 480 BC. The aim of the essay is to give information about the Battle of Salamis by the aspect of Persia.The Xerxes, the Persian king, wanted to conquer all of

Similar Essays

The Battle Of Stalingrad Essay

2039 words - 8 pages The Battle of Stalingrad The battle of Stalingrad was such a significant even in the outcome of the second world war and the Russian revolution nearly 10 years before. Important enough that George Orwell or (Eroc Blare) decide to write a story in allegory to the occurring events across seas. In 1940 the Germans invaded Russia, known as operation BARBAROSSA. The idea behind this invasion is to launch a massive sneak attach

Battle Of Stalingrad Essay

1774 words - 8 pages The Battle of Stalingrad is remembered as a battle of incomparable destruction; infamous for the bloodshed and suffering it caused. Its roots go back to when Adolf Hitler launched his plan of a single campaign, Operation Barbarossa in June of 1941 to cripple Mother Russia once and for all. Hitler’s Waffen-SS marched across eastward destroying any resistance in their way. Capturing the oilfield of the Caucasus in the south of the Eastern Front

Battle Of Stalingrad Essay

2016 words - 8 pages From July 1942 to February 1943, Soviet forces defended the city of Stalingrad from Nazi attack. The battle began during the summer offensive of 1942, Nazi Army groups A an B had already pushed past Stalingrad to take oil fields in south west Russia, when Hitler ordered Stalingrad be attacked (Trueman, n.d.). “Some historians believe that Hitler ordered the taking of Stalingrad simply because of the name of the city and Hitler's hatred of

The Battle Of Stalingrad And The Battle Of Normandy

1849 words - 7 pages The Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Normandy were two vital battles in World War II. Stalingrad was the site of a critical WWII Soviet victory that terminated Germany’s advance to the east. Peaceful Normandy took it’s place in history as the starting point in the triumphant march across Europe. Both these intense events were extremely significant in the outcome of the second world war.      After the Germans