Artificial Reef Essay

1927 words - 8 pages

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Reefs in their simplest form are composed of rock, coral or sand and are made through an abiotic, biotic, or man-made process. Much like canyons, most reefs are made through an abiotic process. They are naturally made from deposition and erosion caused by waves and other environmental factors. Some of the most popular forms of reefs are coral reefs which are created through a biotic, not to be confused with abiotic, process. Coral reefs are located in tropical waters and are developed through the infestation of coral and calcareous algae along the edges of reefs, atolls, and islands. There are also artificial reefs which are man-made and used enhance the physical complexity of a featureless sea bottom. Artificial reefs attract a diverse collection of organisms, especially fish.

2.0 HISTORY

The construction of reefs has been in practice for thousands of years. The Ancient Persians used artificial reefs to block the mouth of the Tigris River to restrain the Indian pirates. They were also in use during the 17th century by the Japanese in order to increase fish yield and aid in the growth of kelp. The earliest artificial reef in the United States was recorded in the 1830’s when American fisherman placed logs off the cost of South Carolina to improve fishing. Since then, South Carolina has been known as the pioneering state for artificial reefs because according to the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, they view the reefs as a “long-term investment…since man-made reefs constructed today can still be in place and fully functional easily through the next century”.

3.0 TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL REEFS

3.1 Biotic Reef
As mentioned before, coral reefs are the most massive and widely distributed type of biotic reef. Coral plays a vital role in the framework of coral reef, but it calcareous algae that allows for reef growth. Much like any reef, a biotic reef faces abiotic environmental factors of deposition and erosion. Fortunately calcareous alga protects the reef from constant wave bashing, allowing the growth of adapting organisms and more species of coralline algae.

3.2 Artificial Reef

Unlike abiotic and biotic reefs, artificial reefs are not directly created by aquatic organisms such as algae and coral. Artificial reefs simply put are man-made underwater structures; they provide many advantages such as promoting marine life in featureless sea bottoms, control erosion and attract the general public for recreational activities (fishing, surfing and diving). Many artificial reefs are built from objects that were originally meant for other purposes. Retired ships, oil rigs, rubble and construction debris are common items that are used to construct artificial reefs along coasts all over the world. Smaller artificial reefs can also be made from any non-toxic items such as from concrete, plastic or scrap metal. Regardless of the method used to construct the artificial reef, the object provides a hard surface...

Find Another Essay On Artificial Reef

Coral Reefs Essay

2093 words - 9 pages it appears dead, however many still hold on to microscopic life that can just start the organism once its conditions are back to normal. In hopes of stopping this unfortunate epidemic many marine scientist have presented ideas on how to solve the deterioration. So far there are two major approaches to reef restoration: Coral Transplant and Artificial Reefs. Coral transplant happens to be the most widely accepted approach. In an article written

Subway Cars Are Now a Part of Artificial Reefs

1502 words - 6 pages trying to at least slow down the dumping of cars.Why they need reefs?The Mid-Atlantic coast has no really reef structure, like the rocky one in New England or the coral reef in Florida, so states such as New Jersey have been building different forms of artificial reefs for the last century. The first reefs were simple shipwrecks that with the help of storms found their way to the shores. The local fishing communities would befit highly from this

My Aquarium

894 words - 4 pages , alkalinity, and about a dozen different chemicals to be sure the water chemistry is correct. Now we will discuss the first part of the reef aquarium, which is the sand and live rock. The sand needs to be live sand, meaning it contains all the necessary bacteria that will be needed in this artificial environment. The same is true for the live rock, which needs different bacteria and is the resting place for all of

The Role of Climate Change in Coral Reef Destruction

2579 words - 10 pages Climate change is arguably one of the most discussed issues in climatic conferences and political debates across the world. Establishment of the fact that global warming is the leading cause of climate change continues to persuade people to find out ways of reducing or mitigating the effects it has on the earth. Global warming occurs naturally, but artificial causes, which are mainly human activities, contribute to this effect. The release of

Coral Reefs

1614 words - 7 pages are new methods for creating artificial reefs that are being explored. These will add to new ecosystems that will house the species looking for homes as there old ones are threatened. While so many are debating the cause for environmental pressures on the worlds coral reefs, the importance of protecting the coral reefs cannot be debated. With so much riding on the fragile ecosystems of the coral reef, mankind must look to both the causes of

Aquatic Biomes

1741 words - 7 pages , coral reef, kelp forest, pack ice, hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, benthic zone, and pelagic zone ("Biome" 1). All these biomes are found in different depths and locations in the ocean. Aquatic biomes make up more than 70 percent of the Earth's surface and are essential for everyday life.The continental shelf is an extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current age by relatively shallow seas

The Negative Effects of Humans and Nature on Florida’s Marine Ecosystems

2182 words - 9 pages strategically placed in the ocean. The whole experiment failed miserably. Coral polyps will not grow on the rubber while contaminates leeched out of the rubber causing a localized environmental disaster. Artificial reef components that have been tried include washing machines, refrigerator units, boat parts and the like (Florida Sportsman). None of the tried methods have been able to replace nature’s design. While many working artificial reef systems are

The Danger in the Sea: Negative Human Impacts on Marine turtles

1593 words - 6 pages important nesting beaches maybe at odds with the need to minimize disturbance to nesting females and emergent hatchlings" (391). Artificial lighting can come from a variety of different sources; ranging from street lamps to hotel rooms on the beach. Artificial lighting disrupts important behaviors, including nest site choice and the nocturnal sea finding behavior of both hatchlings and nesting females (391). Direct and indirect experimental

Coastal Management Report: Collaroy Beach

1963 words - 8 pages are not strong enough to withstand a major storm. There are two long term solutions to this issue. They are voluntary purchase of high risk dwellings, and the protection of the beach through the building of a seawall or an artificial surf reef. The community is split between those strategies for tackling the erosion problemA temporary solution involve minor to moderate sand nourishment, which are used in conjunction with either of these actions

How to Dispose of a Corpse

4485 words - 18 pages giving back to the earth by giving yourself as fertilizer to plants and trees. Another way to improve our environment and dispose of a corpse is to make it a part of a memorial coral reef. A Memorial Reef is a designed reef of 100% natural cast concrete that includes the cremated remains of a loved one (“Ash”, 3). The cremated remains are mixed into concrete into a form of choice. Once the form has been cast it set aside for a fresh layer of

The Modernist Renouncement of Cultural Heritage

1661 words - 7 pages escaping to safety (Reef 30). “The war had shown him unspeakable sights that would forever haunt him: bodies left unburied on the Italian mountainsides in the aftermath of battle, blackening in the sun; maggots eating away the mouth of corpses; a general whose head had been blown open by a bullet and whose blood reddened the snow” (Reef 36). These ghastly, hellish images echoed in Hemingway’s mind as is especially evident in The Sun Also Rises

Similar Essays

Coral Reefs Essay

1562 words - 6 pages helping coral reefs thrive. These groups help educate people on the destruction of the reefs and they also lobby the congress and the governments of their nation, trying to convince them of the importance of the reefs. Humans have also created "artificial reefs" to help. These reefs are man made, underwater structures, used to mimic the purposes of a natural reef. Artificial reefs can be made out of different types of objects including rocks

Benefits Of Artificial Reefs Essay

887 words - 4 pages Thesis: When an artificial reef is made many just see trash going into the sea, however there are positive benefits that come from the making of the reef. Perhaps the most obvious benefit of an artificial reef is the creation of a new community for aquatic creatures to live. It is like a developer going out to sea and making a new subdivision out there for fish. This creation of an artificial reef is the most natural way to protect the

Coral Reefs Essay

750 words - 3 pages Period 3EnvironmentalEarth System Science Analysis:Coral ReefsCORAL is the Committee on Reef Area Loss. This is a committee that focuses on the problem of coral reef loss. They concern themselves with the fact that biodiversity will be greatly depleted as coral reefs decrease in certain areas. The committee hopes to prevent this biodiversity loss. To do this, they are considering building artificial coral reefs to replace the natural reefs.When

Effects Of Changing Body Size Distributions On Ecological Dynamics

925 words - 4 pages mass animals have not been supported, allowing other smaller life forms to persist. To explore the severity of these consequences, McCauley and his colleagues performed a three-part study determining the importance of these large fauna to the community. In the first part of the study, which was titled “Trophic Baselines,” McCauley studied how large fauna affected the structures of communities by observing gray reef sharks of the Palmyra Atoll. In