Skepticism Essay

2533 words - 10 pages

The Role of Doubt in the Skeptical Attack on KnowledgeINTRODUCTIONCertain truth has no man seen nor will there ever be a man who knows (from immediate experienced about the gods and about everything of which I speak: fro even if he should fully succeed in saying what is true, even so he himself does not know it, but in all things, there is Opinion What has been the major concern in the discipline of philosophy (especially metaphysics and epistemology) is the certainty of the reality that befall man, that is the knowledge of the truth and of existence in man's world; God, man, and nature. Philosophies over the ages have been on the brink of discovering the means by which our knowledge is acquired, the extent of its validity and the standards or criteria by which we can judge the reliability of our knowledge claims. In our claim, we look for satisfaction of what reality is given, given that certain realities can be known. In such satisfaction we see that there is inadequacy in what we claim to know as the truth or reality. Hence, this is the point at which we actually need to sieve the matter and to claim what is ours as pertaining to knowledge. The inadequacy and unsatisfactory answers is where our knowledge becomes skeptical if really there can be any adequacy what so ever in our knowledge claim. The question becomes what is the basis of all knowledge-claims and upon which standardsare they to be judged. If so much of what had been taken as certain has proved to uncertain or false or doubtful, then how can we ever be certain. What this short essay seeks to unravel is the extent to which our doubtful skill nature could prove our knowledge claim. A BRIEF EXPOSITION OF THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE Epistemology is one of the branches of philosophy that deals and questions the reality of our knowledge. It thus concerns itself with questions concerning truth and knowledge. The possibility of knowledge has been on an historical debate to which here and now questions are asked to the fact that whether or not we can know anything at all. The two prominent philosophical schools predominantly in the modern era; that is, the rationalist and the empiricist have their claims concerning the theory of knowledge. What led to this division in thought is the fact about the origin of our knowledge and each school claim to have knowledge in their state of regards. For the rationalists, "they assert that by employing certain procedures of reason alone we can discover knowledge in the strongest sense, knowledge that can under no circumstances possibly be false". Such knowledge they say is gained a priori, that is, knowledge obtained through reason, prior to or independently of experience. The rationalist further claim that, we cannotfind absolutely certain knowledge in sense experience but have to seek for it only in the realm of the mind. Hence, it is a form of innate ideas that forms such knowledge from and in the mind. Those who belong to this school includes; Plato,...

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