Secession And Slavery Essay

1026 words - 4 pages

Secession and SlaveryThe years leading to the outbreak of Civil War in the young United States of America was a time of indecision, struggle and public outrage. Throughout the Northern states, many citizens stood against the institution of slavery while the citizens of the Southern states supported slavery and depended on it for their way of life. During the dispute that eventually divided the country, politicians were forced into the differences of opinions between sides and made to defend the people they represented in Congress. They were forced into walking the line of supporting and opposing slavery. With the many levels of people involved, it is important to recognize and understand the entire spectrum of events and circumstances surrounding slavery and the reasons for secession preceding the Civil War. Due to the many different points of view across the spectrum, many citizens and politicians alike felt a closer allegiance to their state versus their country.In many cases, differences of opinion on the topic of slavery were the topic of heated debate even within the thoughts of slavery or abolition. While supporting abolition, many Northern states still felt there should not be rights for African Americans. The Southern states depended on slavery for their economic production and incorporated it into their way of life.During this struggle of abolition versus slavery, the politicians of the day also struggled with whether to become involved or to stand aside from the debate. From the acquisition of new states and the compromises accompanying them, to the elections platforms, slavery and abolition played a major role in each part of the political proceedings over the course of several decades.With the election of James Knox Polk, came the question of the acquisition of the newly independent territory of Texas. In his inaugural speech to the American public, Polk addresses the request of Texas to become a part of the United States. He preludes to the annexation as a wise strategic move in regards to the protection of Texas from foreign powers, as well as promote the state's development."To Texas the reunion is important, because the strong protecting arm of our Government would be extended over her, and the vast resources of her fertile soil and genial climate would be speedily developed, while the safety of New Orleans and of our whole southwestern frontier against hostile aggression, as well as the interests of the whole Union, would be promoted by it." (Polk 1845)Polk also sees the acquisition of Texas as an opportunity to achieve Manifest Destiny and gain strength as a country, not only geographically, but also industrially and agriculturally. "As our boundaries have been enlarged and our agricultural population has been spread over a large surface, our federative system has acquired additional strength and security." (Polk 1845) No actual mention of slavery in his address, yet subtle hints are left in the language of the passages...

Find Another Essay On Secession and Slavery

North And South Essay

1958 words - 8 pages It is 1860 and tensions between the northern and southern states are at a critical level. Many historians debate over what the actual cause for the South’s rapid aggressions to secession. Many believe that the South seceded for a fear of anxieties, the growing Republican party, Northern neglects to the constitution, and finally the issue of slavery. Professor Charles Dew, believes that the conflict between the North and South mostly involved the

Apostles of Disunion by Charles B. Dew

1149 words - 5 pages evidence and documentation that slavery was the cause of the Civil War, there are a few places where states’ rights are specifically noted. In presenting the findings of his extensive research, Dew provides compelling documentation that would allow the reader to conclude that slavery was indeed the cause for both secession and the Civil War. On the question as to whether states’ rights was the cause of the Civil War, Dew references a speech made by

Respone Paper Three

688 words - 3 pages the south. Lastly, it was a crisis of democracy and an endeavor to preserve the union. Although the secession crisis was a result of both sections not being able to come to an agreement about the issue of slavery, it was also because of each section inability to come to an agreement about the issues that were prevalent at the time. The secession crisis provided a glimpse into the discontent and ideology of the two sections on matters that were

Slavery to Civil War

630 words - 3 pages South Carolina. The election frightened the South because they were afraid to lose slavery from Lincoln and that the South would be losing political authority. According to the declaration of secession, the election of Lincoln meant to the South and South Carolina that they should have a war against slavery for the whole United States. (Document 6.) In the South, political leaders asked strongly that slavery should be in new territories and states

The Ignition of the Civil War

1143 words - 5 pages political differences, leading to the Civil War. Social unrest, aided by the abolition movement, increased the debate over slavery as America obtain new lands from the Mexican-American War. This resulted in the passing of the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which will result in failure. The failure of the compromises proved the nation could not function as one, resulting to the justification of the Southern Secession; war was inevitable. The Mexican-American War acted as the oil, while the abolition movement, the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act provided the spark to ignite the fire that was the Civil War.

The Civil Strife

1158 words - 5 pages to the Fugitive Slave Acts, and the thwarting of secession within the South. When the controversies could no longer be contained, the first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter. Indeed, the topic of slavery had torn apart the nation; the United States of America was anything but “united”.

Civil War

671 words - 3 pages accomplish their line of work. Slavery was the burning issue that played in the destruction of the union. And dispute led to secession, and secession brought about a war in which the Northern and Western states and territories fought to preserve the Union, and theSouth fought to establish Southern independence as a new confederation of states under its own constitution.By the early 1830s, those who wished to see that institution abolished within the


1563 words - 6 pages , southerners are fighting for their freedom, their freedom of property. Therefore they are breaking all bonds with the United States and creating their own government, one that will allow slavery. Jefferson Davis went as far as to incorporate Washington's war strategies by allowing the enemy to penetrate into their territory. Thomas Guinn stated that "if the southern States hold no right of secession, then the secession of the thirteen colonies

Course of the american civill war

1172 words - 5 pages SlaveryThe burning issue that led to the disruption of the union, however, was the debate over the future of slavery. That dispute led to secession, and secession brought about a war in which the Northern and Western states and territories fought to preserve the Union, and the South fought to establish Southern independence as a new confederation of states under its own constitution.The agrarian South utilized slaves to tend its large

The Secession of the Southern States in 1860 and 1861

867 words - 3 pages also promoted American labor. The North and South each tried to sway the other’s position on the topic of slave labor, but neither would budge. As time passed, certain events lead to the decline of slavery. The south recognized this and threatened to secede from the Union, adding to the disconnect between the two. Secession is defined as: to break away from; but for the South it was leverage to either help them attain what they desired or they

The American Civil War: The Inevitable Confrontation

1908 words - 8 pages South, James Henry Hammond, and South Carolina Ordinance of Secession. Due to their strict ideologies regarding slavery, both parties could not compromise on the issue of the expansion of slavery. Therefore, according to Americans in the years prior to the Civil War, conflict was inevitable. As a central figure in the Republican Party and passionate advocate for anti-slavery, William Henry Seward characterized the conflict between the Southern

Similar Essays

Sectional Issues Leading Up To The Civil War, How The North South And West Felt About States Rights, Tariffs, Western Land Policy, Mexican War, Secession And How All These Linked Back To Slavery

1387 words - 6 pages it because of their invested capital in slaves. Southerners ardently defended slavery. Many westerners, especially native southerners also supported slavery. Free and slave states entered the Union in equal numbers (11 each in 1819). The South was enraged at the northern states but since it was losing its original strength and power, war became inevitable.The South was not the first region to consider secession as a way to escape the domination of

To What Extent Was The South Responsible For Break Of The Union?

653 words - 3 pages South was responsible for the break of the Union during 1863, to the utmost extent. South and North had a horrible relationship between them about slavery. The issues that were caused by the South made the secession of union to be inevitable. There were a broad range of issues that were created, but in short the escalation of tension, distrust between North, and South, and minor or major violent events is the possible cause of the break of Union

The Issue Of Slavery Essay

1346 words - 5 pages Good Evening Gentleman. I have come here tonight, as a commissioner from the state of Texas, to discuss with you South Carolina’s recent secession from the Union. The issue of slavery, spearheaded by Abraham Lincoln, is destroying this country; and frankly, I do not believe that President Lincoln has the constitutional power to end slavery. While discussing South Carolina’s secession I hope to convince you that the state of Texas should follow

Secession: The Natural Law To All People

2775 words - 12 pages ratification of the Constitution was the New England movement. New England threatened secession in 1803, 1807-1809, 1812 over the war with Britain and again over the Mexican-American war. New England held a secession convention in 1815 called the Hartford Convention.2 From 1830 through 1860, the Northern abolitionist strongly pushed for secession of the Northern States. The following resolutions were passed by the American Anti-Slavery Society: "Resolved