Quest For Truth Depicted In Swift's Gulliver's Travels And Huxley's Brave New World

1211 words - 5 pages

The search for the truth may take a lifetime, while for others it may take a year. It all depends on the person and how eager he acts to seek out the truth. The truth within every human being describes an individual’s thoughts that we hold sacred, that make us unique. The following expression “the truth will set you free”, has swept across the nation, through movies and other types of media entertainment. With the knowledge of truth comes great power which houses both good and evil thoughts. If used for evil, it can imprison a person, while for good it can release a man from prison. In Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, both authors use their main characters, John and Gulliver, to find the hidden truth within each world. Although they tell different stories, they both intertwine a common theme: trying to find the truth that hides deep within society. Since the truth hides from plain sight in both books, it must motivate some to find it.
By having the Houyhnhnms speak and talk, its shows Gulliver the truth in the world and how he lives among a savage race, mankind. Boris Ford comments on Swift in his article “The Limitations of the Houyhnhms”: ‘In the real world the gift of reason is bestowed upon human beings and withheld from animals. In the land of the Houyhnhnms reason has been given to horses and withheld from--.’ Ford fills in the blank with “…withheld from human beings”, which Swift does to make the reader question what makes people ‘human’ and if they compare to that of a savage (Ford 148). Swift does this by bringing down the status of humans by comparing them to that of a Yahoo, a being less intellectual than that of a Houyhnhms. Even if Houyhnhms know that they outsmart a Yahoo, "…the Houyhnhms, who live under the government of Reason, are no more proud of the good qualities they posses, than I should be for not wanting a leg or an arm, which no man in this wits would boast of, although he must be miserable without them" (Swift 311). Although Gulliver finds the truth within all the madness, it ruins him because the truth comes from the Houyhnhnms, who Gulliver respects and wants to please. Now, knowing the truth behind mankind, he lives an exiled life away from human contact and lives with two horses that he cares for and treats as his own.
In Brave New World, Aldous Huxley depicts a world where brainwashing people as well as removing the parenting part of a child’s life, protects secrets and the truth from society. They all go through a brainwashing program called “conditioning”, which predestines future profession and life. Huxley gives the reader more information by having the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning explain how "[conditioning] is the secret of happiness and virtue-liking what you've got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their inescapable social destiny" (Huxley 16). In the book, Huxley uses his character John to create drama, which helps...

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