Schools And Nutrition Policy Essay

1820 words - 7 pages

Melissa Rossiter, currently an Assistant Professor in Applied Human Nutrition at Mount Saint Vincent University and a Registered Dietician, conducted a descriptive study through the means of a questionnaire in 2007. This questionnaire, distributed to 130 prospective teachers, was intended to measured their “eating patterns”, “nutrition knowledge” and “personal health beliefs” as well as the “school’s food environment”, and the contribution these measures had on intended food practices in the classroom. The title of the paper is concise and easy to understand, however it fails to mention the relationship with the four aspects mentioned above. The abstract is a brief summary of the intentions behind of the research and explains the interpretation of the results. The introduction elaborates the justification of the research, stressing upon the effect that schools have on students due to school nutrition policies and the roles that teachers have as models, authority figures, and as a resource for knowledge about nutrition. The author believes that a healthier school food environment for both teachers and students can be created through the implications of formal school policies
A thorough methodological design was used to approach the subject of the author’s interest. Appropriate due to the large sample size, a descriptive, cross-sectional, group administered survey design was carried out. . . Strengths of a cross-sectional design include the quickness and easiness to conduct it, as there is no follow up periods. This design allows the researcher to collect data of all variables at onetime through the questionnaire. It also generates many outcomes that can be used for further hypotheses and studies. However, cross-sectional study designs have limitations. Cross-sectional studies are it a “snap-shot” at a particular point of time, being only valid and true for the time period it is conducted in. Opinions, beliefs and values are open to change. The author noted this, explaining that the current views of prospective teachers may not be representative of them once becoming a working teacher.. The associations identified can be difficult to predict because one cannot determine causality using a cross-sectional design. To determine causation of classroom food practices, a longitudinal study is more appropriate.
The most relevant finding is that the lower the prospective teacher’s beliefs that the schools food environment is responsible for promoting healthy foods, the higher the likelihood of them to use rewards such as candy in the classroom. This finding does not reply to the objective of this research. The author’s intention is to determine whether the schools food environment (atmosphere, attitudes towards food, and types of food available) will influence the prospective teacher’s classroom food practices. This particular finding explores the effect on the prospective teacher’s classroom food practices, contingent of their...

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