Schizophrenia Case Study

1275 words - 5 pages

Throughout psychology today there are six different theoretical models that seek to explain and treat abnormal functioning or behavior. These different models have been a result of different ideas and beliefs over the course of history. As psychology began to grow so did the improvements in research techniques. As a result psychologists are able to explain a variety of disorders in terms of the six different theoretical models. In the movie A Beautiful Mind it follows the mathematician John Nash as he struggles with schizophrenia. It an attempt to explain John Nash’s disorder the six different theoretical models will be looked at, they include biological model, psychodynamic model, behavioral model, cognitive model, humanistic model, and socio-cultural model.
In John Nash’s case he was a brilliant mathematician who studied at Princeton University during the 1940’s. In the movie it displays John as being an odd eccentric person who kept to himself. After graduating from Princeton he becomes a professor at MIT, overtime though John starts to lose his perception of reality and eventually he is diagnosed with schizophrenia. During his time teaching, he is approached by the government and asked to work on breaking Soviet codes. This leads John to develop a conspiracy plot, he becomes increasingly paranoid and he cannot distinguish between realities. He begins to live in two different worlds, the real world around him, and the fictional world in which he thinks that the Soviets are trying to kidnap him and extract information from him. Eventually John is institutionalized for a brief period. His life thereafter consists of delusions and auditory hallucinations, but he was able to regain somewhat of a normal life with the use of his medications (A Beautiful Mind, 2001).
According to the biological model, psychologists view abnormal behavior as an illness that was brought on by a malfunctioning part of an organism. In most cases they point to problems that are associated with the brain. Biological researchers would point to problems in the transmission of messages from neuron to neuron, specifically they may point to a neurotransmitter deficiency. Neurotransmitters travel across the synaptic space to the receptors of neighboring neurons. Researchers may also point to abnormal chemical activity in the body’s endocrine system. Within the endocrine system are endocrine glands which control such things as growth, reproduction, heart rate, energy, and many others functions (Comer, 2011). Endocrine glands then release chemicals known as hormones, which are released into the bloodstream. These hormones then cause different responses in the body’s organs. If any of these systems is malfunctioning they may indeed cause abnormal behavior especially behaviors associated with psychological functioning. In John’s case psychologists may conclude that John has some malfunctioning with his neurotransmitters or some hormonal imbalance. In the past few...

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