Rehabilitation Essay

1278 words - 6 pages

A mineral deposit is only a potential source of wealth and the significance of the deposits become evident only when a mineral is mined, resulting in the disturbance of the natural environment (wellis et al).Mining in South Africa is renowned to be the main constituent of economic development and the legacy it leaves behind also seems to be the main element that leads to severe environmental issues within our country. In this environmentally conscious decade, what are mining companies doing to reverse their impacts on the environment post-mining?

This essay will explore the mine closure process to properly look at life or the state of the environment after a mine is abandoned. This essay ...view middle of the document...

Mining is an impermanent activity, with the operational life span of a mine lasting from a few years to several decades (Fraser institute, 2012). Mine closure is the process of closing down mining processes on a temporary or permanent basis. Mines have a restricted durability which is determined by the extent and quality of the mineral deposits being unearthed. Mines are closed when the quantity of the resource runs out or the commodity prices fall, making the mine improvident to operate (natural resources, 2011). It normally takes two to ten years to shut down a mine, but it can take longer if long term water monitoring or treatment is essential (natural resources, 2011).

The Government of South Africa is constituted as having national, provincial and local spheres that are distinct but interdependent and interrelated. The Constitution allocates legislative and administrative functions to all three spheres of government, giving a wide range of government agencies responsibility for environmental management.
Environmental provisions are included in the Bill of Rights in Chapter 2 of the Constitution of South Africa Act, No. 108 of 1996. In terms of section 24 of the Act, everyone has the right:
a) to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being; and
b) to have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that:
• prevent pollution and ecological degradation;
• promote conservation; and
• Secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development.

The mining termination process that occurs after closure and decommissioning are remediation and recovery. The objective of recuperation is to return the land and waterways to an adequate standard of productive use, guaranteeing that most landforms and structures are intact, and that water canals are of satisfactory water quality. Reclamation typically comprises a number of activities such as eradicating hazardous materials, restructuring the land, reestablishing topsoil, and embedding native grasses, trees, or ground cover. Monitoring programs are used to evaluate the efficiency of the reclamation procedures and to recognize any corrective action that may be needed.
In addition, mines may have need for long-term care and maintenance after mine closure such as fragmentary treatment of mine discharge water, episodic monitoring and maintenance of tailings containment structures, and monitoring any continuing remediation technologies used such as built wetlands. One of the most important principles of rehabilitation is overall water control to prevent erosion and to promote re-vegetation. That is by making sure that rain falling onto the dump remains where it landed(Top water control),using paddocks to trap eroded material and polluted water until the sides are well vegetated(slide water control) and controlling...

Find Another Essay On Rehabilitation

The Birmingham Rehabilitation Essay

2369 words - 9 pages Of the three research articles, two were quantitative studies, and one was a systematic review. The Birmingham Rehabilitation Uptake Maximization study compared the outcomes of HBCR and CBCR in terms of cardiac risk factors, and adherence to rehabilitation 12 months after recruitment post-MI, PTCA, or CABG (Jolly, Lip, Taylor, Raftery, Mant, Lane, Greenfield, & Stevens, 2009). The second study, General Health Improvement, reviewed the overall

Is Rehabilitation Effective? Essay

2649 words - 11 pages Is Rehabilitation Effective?With prison recidivism rates at 60 percent, the country has long since passed the point of needing effective solutions. Enhancing community safety is a major goal of corrections. One way of attaining this goal is to adopt strategies that reduce offender recidivism. In the 1970s and 1980s there was widespread disillusionment with the effectiveness of treatment programs to reduce recidivism. Today however, recent

Rehabilitation of Urban Fabric

621 words - 3 pages being dedicated to individual buildings towards area based protection2. The focus of revitalization and rehabilitation of historic centers, therefore, has to be on whole areas, not just individual buildings, and on social communities, not just the physical environment. These older housing areas, typically in the inner parts of the city, are often home for lower-income families and they have different physical, social, economic and cultural

Low Vision Rehabilitation

919 words - 4 pages depression due to their low vision. If the patient is depressed this can also lead to frustration, social isolation, and anxiety. Because low vision can lead to depression in some cases it is important for the patients to participate in meaningful and valuable activities throughout their daily life. Low vision can affect an individual’s quality of life. Through rehabilitation the patient can keep most of their abilities and improve their

Criminal Justice Rehabilitation Philosophy

1778 words - 7 pages Criminal Justice Rehabilitation PhilosophyCJA/234November 4, 2013 Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE REHABILITATION PHILOSOPHY 1 CRIMINAL JUSTICE REHABILITATION PHILOSOPHY 8 Criminal Justice Rehabilitation PhilosophyThere are many different types of rehabilitation techniques that have taken place since the origin in the 19th century. The ideas of rehabilitating through punishment were first demonstrated in the penitentiaries constructed

Prison Rehabilitation Program

856 words - 4 pages were when they went in. for this to be done, a rehabilitation program must be instituted into the prison system and thus become part of the everyday life of a prisoner. There is a great needed for a rehabilitation program in the Grenada Prison, and it can be guaranteed that it has a level of uniqueness, it is feasible, will be well managed, and with its description there is an assurance of success. Time after time persons are released from

Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Centers

1709 words - 7 pages Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Centers According to the National Institutes of Health, substance abuse costs the government over 600 billion dollars every year (“Best in Treatment.”). Consequently, substance abuse and addiction are not something to take lightly. Addiction to substances is very serious brain disease that affects both the brain and the body. Addiction is considered to be a chronic disease, in the same way asthma is, that needs

Jails, Prisons, and Rehabilitation

980 words - 4 pages there are housings for different type of criminals sentenced to various punishments. Jails have no such facilities as compared to prisons. The convicts have access to food and water, bathing facilities, there are also socialization places which are restricted and the security is not as tight as that of prisoners, (WiseGeek, 2003). There are rehabilitation facilities for the prisoners to ensure that the offenders do not get back to law breaking

Orangutan rehabilitation in Sumatra

1117 words - 4 pages The Sumatran orangutans live in northern Sumatra, in the Mt. Leuser national Park. A special orangutan rehabilitation center has been established at Bohorok, Bukit Lawang, for orphaned orangutans, where orangutans are taught how to return to the wild again. Today rehabilitations has become very important, because population of orangutans are decreasing. It is difficult to teach them how to survive in the wild, because most of them were brought

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

2000 words - 8 pages Galen, a Greek surgeon, who conducted surgeries of the eyes and brain which were not attempted for two following millenia. (Wikipedia) “After 750, the Muslim Arab world had Hippocrates’ and Galen’s teachings translated into arabic” (Wikipedia). “Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), or physiatry is a branch of medicine which aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or

Sea Turtle Rehabilitation

2112 words - 9 pages over by the cars (Information About Sea Turtles: Threats to Sea Turtles). Also, when people out on their boats in shallow waters, and they are being careless they can hit sea turtles on the shell with the props. The props cause life-treating injuries to the turtles (Threats to Sea Turtles ). Sea turtles rehabilitation center are fairly new to this time. Not many people have heard about them, but they are starting to become more known about. As

Similar Essays

Addiction Rehabilitation Essay

1118 words - 5 pages The guiding questions that led my research were “what can be done to increase the success rate of rehabilitation centers? And what can be done differently that is not being done right now?” As I went through the interviews and sources my argument was going to be based off of how to change the program with those questions in mind. Anne M. Fletcher is a registered dietician with a B.S. from Cornell University and an M.S. from Drexel University

Drug Rehabilitation Essay

1626 words - 7 pages Drug Addition Treatment Instead of Jail TimeRepeat drug offenders deserve mandatory jail time. However, people who are arrested for the first time for a drug offense may deserve a chance at rehabilitation within a treatment facility. While many judicial systems utilize the use of drug treatment programs within the jail system, there is currently a push for alternative drug programs based within hospitals and clinics. Close supervision can

Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors Essay

1123 words - 4 pages The state rehabilitation agency remains one of the largest places of employment for rehabilitation counselors. Vocational rehabilitation counselors are expected to serve persons with disabilities effectively by retaining, maintaining, or obtaining jobs or careers that are compatible with the consumers’ interests and abilities. Independent living rehabilitation counselors working with consumers are expected to provide services that will allow

Rehabilitation Or Retribution? Essay

967 words - 4 pages [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] Rehabilitation or Retribution?The expectations of society for the criminal justice system are to punish and rehabilitate individuals who have committed crime. Punishment and rehabilitation are two acknowledged objectives of the criminal justice system, Retribution, which is based on "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" philosophy, simply means punishment and vengeance for what evils have done. While