What is quantum mechanics? Quantum mechanics is the science of things so small that quantum reality has an effect. Quantum means ‘discrete amount or portion’. Max Planck discovered in 1900 that you couldn’t get any smaller than a certain amount of anything. This minimum amount is now called a Planck unit.
Niels Bohr, the father of the orthodox ‘Copenhagen Interpretation’ of quantum physics once said, “Anyone who is not shocked by quantum theory has not understood it. Quantum Mechanics is a complex and hard-to-grasp area of science; many theories surround this vague study. There are four main interpretations, each of them with their own basic meaning. These four basic interpretations state:
a) Your consciousness affects the behavior of subatomic particles.
b) Particles move forwards and backwards in time and appear in all possible places at once.
c) The universe is splitting every Planck-time (10 E-43 seconds) into billions of parallel universes.
d) The universe is interconnected with faster-than-light transfers of information.
To begin, the Copenhagen Interpretation, following point a, was formulated by Niels Bohr of Copenhagen University. This Interpretation is the father of all other interpretations, providing the roots onto which the others grasp. This theory of quantum mechanics basically says that your consciousness of an atom has an affect on how you view it. At a conference in Brussels in 1927, Bohr browbeat almost all dissenters of his theory into submission, the only remarkable exception being Einstein himself. When looking at the Copenhagen Interpretation seriously, you begin to think that consciousness and particle physics are intertwined, leading to a sort of self- paradox.
Related to this theory, Henry Stapp at the University of California has written many papers such as On Quantum Theories of The Mind(1997). Stapp goes to say in his papers that the synapses in your brain are so small that quantum effects are significant. What this means is that there is a quantum uncertainty about whether or not a neuron will fire, this is the freedom nature allows for the interaction of mind and matter.
In point b, it is suggested that particles can move forwards and back in both time and space. The theory matching this is known as Time Reversibility. This states that a particle can bump into a photon, the resulting force exerted on the particle can push it back in time as well as space. Richard Feynman developed this new approach to quantum mechanics. He formalized it as Quantum Electrodynamics. He also developed the Feynman Diagram, which represents the interaction of two particles as the exchange of a third particle. Many physicists have taken up this interpretation and have argued that reverse time travel is, in fact, what’s happening in reality.