Perspectives In The Realm Of Psychology

1756 words - 7 pages

Psychology explores human behavior and the human mental process figuring ways to improve the thinking and attitude of an individual’s existence. Sometimes, different techniques are used and tried to properly resolve the problem within the multitude of possible behavioral issues. Moreover, Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist, developed many theories, psychodynamic therapy, for clinically treating people with mental health problems through their unconscious mind; Then, Sigmund Freud’s theories or therapy, rather, diverged into other types of therapies such as Biological Psychology or Cognitive Psychology. No doubt, there are various perspectives, both strong and weak, in the field of Psychology using different techniques on different types of behavior to search for the accurate answer.
To begin, the psychodynamic approach to aiding human behavior appears to have many advantages and sounds like a great idea; however, the psychodynamic therapy has its weakness’. For example, Freud commits a hasty generalization to the world in his evidence; a large portion of the evidence for the psychodynamic theories is taken from Freud's case studies, but the case studies are created through the detailed study of one person and his patients who were mostly middle aged women from Vienna (McLeod). Because the case study is particular to a certain person and it’s difficult to control variables such a memory or relationship, the data is held unreliable. In other words, Freud’s studies are extremely biased, and it is impossible to create theories off of a few subjective cases. With the biased factor in mind:
the psychodynamic approach says an individual’s behavior is a direct result of his or her subconscious mind which is greatly impacted through his or her past experiences and early biological life, but psychodynamic theory rejects the idea of a his or her free will (Sammons).
Although, psychodynamic therapy seems legitimate when it states in depth that a person’s actions are based off his or her subconscious mind, a person’s free will or attitude towards change is always a factor. The psychodynamic therapy focuses on the patient’s past childhood experiences to discover the cause; yet, ultimately, the therapy will not discover the solution. Next, according to Scott M. Bea, PsyD, a Clinical associate, the biggest disadvantage of psychodynamic therapy is it “may be misapplied to patients whose symptoms are not based in unconscious conflict. It relies on hypothetical constructs that have not been evaluated empirically in systematic and controlled studies” (121). In addition, is it likely to even be able to scientifically and logically study conceptions such as the unconscious mind? As has been noted, Freud's theories are subjective and arbitrary; therefore, a clear disadvantage to psychodynamic therapy is the unscientific data and it’s impossible to test in the approach to human behavior through the unconscious mind. Clearly, in the midst of...

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