Origins Of The English Civil War

1037 words - 4 pages

The English Civil War of 1642-1651 can be considered as a feud between
the King and the English Parliament. Long before the onset of the
civil war, Parliament and king Charles I had distrusted each other.
As a result, Parliament often refused to finance the king’s wars.
Unable to gain enough support from Parliament, Charles I challenged
local control of nobles and landowners, who composed of the majority
of Parliament, by “levying new tariffs and duties, attempting to
collect discontinued taxes, and subjecting English property owners
to…forced loan and then imprisoning those who refused to pay…as well
as quartering troops in private homes” (Craig et al. 560). Parliament
attempted to control the king’s power when it presented to Charles the
Petition of Right in 1628. This petition required that there would be
no loans or taxation without the consent of Parliament, that Charles
would not be able to imprison any free man without due cause, and that
no troops would be quartered in private homes. Although Charles
initially agreed to the petition, he dissolved Parliament in 1629 and
did not recall it again until 1640. Parliament’s resentment of the
king’s tyrannical actions combined with its resistance to control the
king refused to grant Charles financial support for the war with
Ireland in 1640. Charles retaliated and made inevitable a civil war
when he dissolved Parliament once more and arrested five of its
members (Taylor vii). The resulting tension between Charles and
Parliament eventually erupted in a Civil War in 1642 and lasted until
1651.

Many scholars have been associating the phenomenon of the English
Civil War to a variety of causes and motives. Among Parliament’s
supporters, the Whigs, as they were named because of their hair, were
chiefly interested in the growth of constitutional liberty and the
decline of despotism (Taylor vii). Consequently, the “Whig
interpretation” is a philosophy arguing to defend individual
constitutional rights and liberty from a tyrannical figure such as
Charles I, who was obsessed with the notion of absolutism (Taylor
viii). It supports a revocable government and promotes constitutional
liberty for the people, both of which were advocated by John Locke.
Along with John Locke, Thomas Babington Macaulay also committed
himself to the Whig position. Their arguments will be examined in
detail later in this paper.

Economists such as Christopher Hill take on a different point of
view. They try to pinpoint the motive for the English Civil War to a
theory of class struggles for economic domination. Hill rejects any
interpretation of the origins of the English Civil War which ascribes
an independent role to individuals. For Hill and many of his
supporters, the war was a revolution of the rising gentry class in
Parliament to overthrow English feudal society in order to ensure for
themselves favorable conditions for development and...

Find Another Essay On Origins of the English Civil War

Origins of the cold war Essay

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20039280 . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that

origins of the cold war Essay

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20039280 . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that

Origins of the Cold War

1311 words - 5 pages A) Plan of the investigationSubject of the investigation:To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.Methods:a.Research of bibliography about the origins of theCold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main siteswere particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, ColdWar Policies, Cold War History Project. The maincriteria used for selection were: reliability of thesources and the most recent.b.Writing of an annotated

Origins of the Cold War

1202 words - 5 pages never engaged in major warfare, thereby coining the state of friction as a cold war. Progressing forward, the purpose of this essay is to expound the origins of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. In order to accomplish present objectives, this paper will proceed as follows: Part 1 will discuss the early distrusts and suspicions that developed between the Soviet Union and United States during the war and the conflicts of

Origins of the Pelopponesian War

1690 words - 7 pages war inevitable. The empire of Corcyra was an ally of neither the Peloponnesians nor the Athenians but its vastly growing naval power evoked a strong concern in both of the empires. Corcyra was a neutral colony of Spartan’s ally Corinth but Athens, being determined to grasp the city’s rapidly expanding fleet, intervened when problems with Epidamnus arose. Corcyra had instilled its own colony at Epidamnus, it was there a civil war erupted between

English civil war

671 words - 3 pages As Sun Tzu once stated, “ There is no instance of a nation benefitting from prolonged warfare,” which is seamlessly illustrated by the English Civil War. The English Civil War was sparked from the abundant reformist sentiment engrained in the everyday civilian, whose beliefs diverged from the current reining power. The roles of political heads characterizing the religious and state authorities were challenged on every point in hopes from the

The Origins of the First World War

2048 words - 8 pages The Origins of the First World War The study of diplomatic history has led to many different theories on the origins of the First World War. Each historian focuses on different aspects of the events preceding the war. In viewing them from a different time periods, many come to radically different conclusions. For example, the theory of German responsibility proposed directly after the war was soon revised with the

The origins of the First World War

1010 words - 5 pages the war and sees the guilt of Austria-Hungary for its outbreak. On the other hand John Leslie says that the responsible is Germany :“Austria-Hungary can be held responsible for planning a local Austro-Serb conflict, which was linked to its fears about Balkan nationalism, but Germany, which was not interested in this quarrel, quite deliberately used it as an opportunity to launch the European war which Austria-Hungary never desired.”18 The Origins

The Origins of the Second World War

2510 words - 10 pages February 17th, 2010In 1955, Thomas Desmond Williams argued that there were too many historians studying the origins of the Second World War . Although Williams' point claims some merit, he was merely referencing what he believed to be a "misallocation of scholarly research." Contrary to William's advice, given the sheer magnitude of event, many historians flocked to research its true origins; for the Second World War was a global catastrophe

The Origins of the Cold War

2253 words - 10 pages Introduction The term “Cold War” refers to the second half of the 20th century, usually from the end of the World War II until 1990, when the Soviet Union collapsed. Since the 1940s and 1950s the scholars have disagreed on the topic of the origins of the Cold War. There are several groups of historians and their interpretations are very different, sometimes even contradictory. The three main schools are the orthodox, the revisionist and the

The Origins of the Great War

951 words - 4 pages The Origins of the Great War As the war of the worlds began to collide between 1914 and 1918, there were numerous causes as to why the "Great War" began. The war began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. Later on it transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty

Similar Essays

The English Civil War Essay

2216 words - 9 pages Cromwell who had obtained leadership after the Marston Moor battle. Although it took more then eighteen years for the results of the civil war to settle, there were no long term effects of the war. While there were minor reforms to the system, the people, the Church and the Monarchy of England went back to living their lives relatively the same as they had before the start of the English Civil War. Violence during the English Civil war effected

The English Civil War Essay

1258 words - 5 pages The outbreak of the English Civil War in England between Charles I and Parliament changed its form of government dramatically. It was only a violent episode in the continuing revolution that was already occurring. The Civil War broke out because the two forms of government, the king and Parliament, could not be reconciled. It was a struggle between the bourgeois or the middle-class people and the aristocrats or gentry. It all started from

Is The English Civil War A War Of Religion

927 words - 4 pages Is the English Civil War a war of religion?The English Civil war started in 1642. It was an infamous war that brutally ripped families apart and placed them in one group or another, depending on their political agenda they either stayed loyal to the crown and became royalists or joined the revolution and became parliamentarians. The war dragged on over four long years and is estimated that it cost 180,000 people their life. There was many

What Were The Causes Of The English Civil War?

1055 words - 4 pages The English Civil broke out between 1642 and 1651 between the Parliamentarians and King Charles I's army. The Civil War was the beginning to many significant events, including the execution of Charles I and the rise of the Commonwealth of England. In this research task, I will explore the different causes that erected this war.Some of the causes of the English Civil War include: lack of money, religion, foreign affairs, and King Charles