Obesity: Choice Or Disease? Essay

754 words - 4 pages

` Obesity: Disease or Choice?
Obesity is when one gains weight excessively due to uncontrolled eating habits; it’s almost like an addiction, but to food (Lerner, 2011). There are many causes to obesity that people neglect. It can be hereditary, caused by gender, age, metabolism factors, environmental factors, illness, medication, physical activities and life style choices (Hopkins, 2014). Obesity can be the result of choice or disease, depending on the cause.
One’s body size throughout their life has a genetic connection. Studies have shown that the weight of an adult is closer to that of their biological parent, rather than how their adoptive parent brought them up (Lerner, 2014). One has ...view middle of the document...

Exercising has also been proposed to be effective in enhancing metabolic rate, thus, reducing one’s risk of becoming obese (Livingston, video). For instance, at the end of a tennis season, which is about a month and a half, one can lose about four pounds of waist fat, or even more if they are engaged in a more vigorous sports or physical activity. Therefore, to a great extent, practicing healthy eating habits and exercising despite being genetically vulnerable may reduce obesity.
Some individuals who are prone to obesity have higher levels of ghrelin, a hormone that generates hunger (Hopkins, 2014). So, these people never feel satisfied despite the quantity they consume. In such a situation, following the ‘healthy’ guidelines proposed above may not be sufficient to control their obesity. Thus, medication may be necessary to facilitate a reduction in ghrelin availability, reducing hunger and thus, obesity (NCBI, 2014). Clearly, such individuals are medically ill and need to be treated.
Additionally, psychiatric illnesses such as depression and specific mental states such as sadness, and low spiritedness has been associated with constant loss of appetite, which can lead to overeating, and thus to obesity. Also, hormonal problems such as hypothyroidism have been found to slow down metabolism (Hopkins, 2014). Even under-sleeping has been implicated in obesity (WebMD, 2013). Lest not forget the often...

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