North Korean Human Rights Violations Essay

1260 words - 5 pages

North Korea has become infamous for its many atrocities to humanity. This country is well known for its fear-inducing communist political structure which has oppressed the entirety of its people for many years and still today under the rule of the Kim family. Food shortages, movement restrictions, and strict bans on media are some of the major ongoing issues today. Those who are found to be in violation of these bans and restrictions face unfair trial and sentencing, prison camps, and sometimes public execution. North Korean dictators are responsible for these human rights violations and have made little effort to cooperate with the United Nations and other non-government organizations to solve these issues.
Why is all of this occurring? North Korea has a rigid centralized government under the control of the communist Korean Workers' Party, this includes every government official (Michigan State University). Kim Il-sung ruled North Korea from 1948 to 1994. The Eternal President of the Republic was established and given to Kim Il-sung.

 Not much is known about the division of authority and power in the North Korean leadership notwithstanding the formal structure in place of its constitution (Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs). After his death Kim Il-sung's son, Kim Jong-il, inherited all power. Kim Jong-il was named General Secretary of the KWP in 1997, and in 1998, the head of the National Defense Commission. Now, three key groups would control the government of North Korea. According to Michigan State University. The NDC is responsible for internal and external security, and under the leadership of Kim Jong-il the NDC has played a prominent role in affecting policy. Bureaucratically, North Korea is split into nine regions and it is also divided into nine military regions (Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs). Non-governmental organizations, defectors, and theorists believe the total control over all activity by the government is responsible for the severe human rights violations. Given this background information, one begins to understand further how the violations occur and whom is responsible.
The dictatorial leadership of North Korea implement fear by using threats of forced labor and public executions to prevent public dissent through use of media and technology. The nation uses severe restrictions and strict governmental bans against freedom of information, association, assembly, and travel, according Human Rights Watch. The government utilizes informants, anyone caught participating in any subversive manner is reported to security services and law enforcement. The state controls every aspect of the media. Every news network, daytime television show, film, music production is made by the government. If citizens are caught with any publication not produced by the State they are severely punished. Also, if a person is caught with a cell phone or form of entertainment produced outside of North Korea, they will be imprisoned...

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