Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov: The Last Tsar Of Russia

1631 words - 7 pages

:Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov, the last standing Tsar of Russia officially known as Tsar Nicholas II, autocrat of Russia. Nicholas II was born on 18th May, 1868 in Tsarskoe Selo, Russia. Nicholas II was the eldest son of Alexander III and his Empress Marie Romanova. Nicholas was eldest of six children. He had three younger brothers, Alexander, George, Michael and two younger sisters, Xenia and Olga. Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917, his reign saw imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to an economic and military catastrophe. Tsar Nicholas II influenced and sought change in the historical events of Russo - Jap War, Bloody Sunday, October Manifesto, The First Russian Revolution, World War One and the abdication of the throne. Thus bringing about change in Russia and the autocratic system of ruling that lead to the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty.

Nicholas firmly believed in the same traits as his father, Tsar Alexander III. After the sudden death of his father in 1894, Nicholas II was crowned Tsar of Russia, and left to rule without any knowledge and training of leadership skills. The state of Russia’s economy and military was in the fate of Nicholas II. As he was unprepared for the new and challenging role to govern the extensive Russian empire. Nicholas II complained to his brother-in-law stating that, ‘I am not prepared to be a Tsar. I never wanted to become one. I know nothing of the business of ruling’. Nicholas II was different compared to that of the past Tsars, Nicholas’ II early interests did not revolve around political matters. His father, although wanted him to be tough but his personality was the exact opposite. Soon after the death of his father Nicholas II had no choice but in accepting the title, as his brother, Michael had declined previously. Just like his father and his grandfather before him Nicholas firmly believed in ruling as an autocratic leader. In remembrance of his father, Nicholas II stated during the coronation, ‘I Nicholas II are devoting all my strength to the welfare of the people, will uphold the principle of autocracy as firmly and as unflinchingly as my late unforgettable father’, quoted by Tsar Nicholas II, a secondary source in J. Traynor, Europe 1890 - 1990, Macmillan, UK, 1991. A belief to rule as an autocratic leader was influenced and a motivated by both his father and grandfather. Although as Russia was just entering the 20th Century Nicholas’ autocratic ruling was leading Russia back to the 17th Century, which soon caused turmoil for Nicholas II as a monarchy. The primary source titled, ‘Voici le saber de mon pere!’ - speech by Nicholas II, 29th January 1895. Represents that Nicholas II is strongly for autocracy, the sword symbolises the strength and the power his late father obtained whilst ruling as an autocrat. The sword is also a devotion to his father, as quoted by Nicholas in the primary source, ‘Here is the sword of my...

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