Nicaragua Foreign Policy Essay

1163 words - 5 pages

Foreign policy in Nicaragua is heavily concentrated on economic stability and development. Considering that the country’s economy is primarily focused on the agricultural sector, trade is essential to its economic growth. Due to the heavily indebted state of the country, Nicaragua also depends on foreign development assistance in order to meet debt financing responsibilities and to have an opportunity of development; which makes foreign policy essential to its economic standing. Nicaragua’s most prevalent international relationships today are with the United States, Venezuela, and Russia.
The United States’ foreign relations with Nicaragua focus on promoting democracy, increasing economic ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, the US continues to sponsor citizen development by promoting basic education and healthcare through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). USAID’s outstanding education programs have helped Nicaraguans for the past 15 years by affording quality basic education and scholarship opportunities for Nicaragua’s most economically disadvantaged students to pursue higher education in the US (“Nicaragua: Education” par. 1,4). In addition, the USAID’s health programs have contributed to the availability of child and maternal healthcare to 78 of the poorest municipalities in Nicaragua (“Nicaragua: Health” par. 1,3).
Venezuelan foreign relations with Nicaragua rekindled in 2007 when Daniel Ortega was running for President of Nicaragua. The President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez was an honorary guest of Ortega’s Presidential Inauguration. Upon assuming his role as President, Ortega decided to become a member of the Latin American, Venezuelan and Cuban founded, trade bloc; known as the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas Trade Treaty (ALBA). The focus of the trade treaty is natural resources, economic aid, and social prosperity amongst its members (Masud par. 2). Due to Ortega’s relationship and alliance with Chavez, Nicaragua was able to establish quite an economic advantage. The most notable Venezuelan aid to Nicaragua has been the opportunity for the country to buy petroleum at a discounted rate and only paying 50% up front, financing the other half with a low interest rate, and paying up to 10% of the bill with agricultural products (Wright par. 3). Furthermore, Venezuela became the second largest import partner to Nicaragua and third largest export partner. Additionally, Venezuela has provided monetary grants to the county that are focused on developing social programs. Nonetheless, critics presume that Nicaragua’s relationship with Venezuela will decelerate after the passing of Hugo Chavez because Ortega and Chavez had a special relationship and it is possible that Nicolas Maduro may cut back on the aid that Venezuela was once able to offer (Wright par. 14)
In view of Nicaragua’s declining aid from the United States and various European counties due to the corruption and lack of transparency, the government has done its due diligence to seek a strong international power to build an alliance with; Russia. Just like the Venezuela case, Ortega’s inauguration strengthened the Russia-Nicaragua relationship and has as of late become one of the country’s most relevant foreign relationships due to their history together. When Daniel Ortega’s Sandinista...

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