Nationalism And War Essay

1446 words - 6 pages

Nationalism and War

Does nationalism have a relationship with the causes of the wars between 1792 and 1914? This can be disputed through the events of the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, the unification struggles of Germany and Italy in the late 1800’s, the Alliance systems of the late 1800’s and the assassination of the Austrian archduke before the outbreak of World War 1.
During the French Revolution in 1792, an effort was made to remove Austrian presence from French lands. This came about in part because King Louis XVI wanted to seek help from the Austrians to remove the reformers, persuading France to declare war on Austria. The Jacobins were afraid that this war would have an irreversible effect on the Revolution. Therefore the Jacobins, believing in having a duty to the nation, preached nationalistic and liberal ideals to the entire nation, using every kind of communication available to them at the time. Jacobins inspired patriotism in the young men drafted into the war to draw upon their own nationalism-to fight for France. This led to victory over Austria and in the process, France acquired Belgium. Although nationalism was used to raise the hopes of the French people to victory, it was not the cause of the war. “The American and French revolutions were crucial phases in the history of liberalism.” (Perry, 377). During these revolutions, signs of nationalistic ideas became apparent that were associated with later wars in Europe.
The Napoleonic wars were a continuation of the revolution, which were no more based on nationalistic ideas than the revolution itself. Napoleon set out in 1799 to conquer Europe in hopes to rule an Empire just as Charlemagne and Alexander the Great did. He set out to accomplish this by over-throwing the Directory and installing a government called the Consulate. In time, he increased his power to a point where he was in total control and appointing himself the Emperor of France. Many of the wars during this time led to nationalistic feelings in the countries that Napoleon had conquered. This became visible in the resistance of the Spanish and Prussians after Napoleon conquered them. Spain revolted because Napoleon took away the privileges of the nobles and made his brother, who the Spanish considered a foreigner, king. Similarly, during the War of Liberation, patriotic and nationalistic principles led Prussia to revolt against the French invasion. With great patriotism and nationalism, Prussia defeated France in1813. The Napoleonic Wars were not wars of nationalism, but were of one man's dream of being a conqueror.
At another time in history, Bismarck was instrumental in the unification of Germany. It was his thirst for expansion and Prussian rule throughout Germany that drove him. It was during the unification of the southern states that nationalism played an essential role. With the help of Austria, Bismarck’s first strike was at Denmark in 1864. Austria only joined in the hope that...

Find Another Essay On Nationalism and War

All Quiet on the Western Front : Horroer of war, Effects of war on the soldier, and Nationalism

979 words - 4 pages “What is it good for, absolutely nothing, huh, war” (Edwin Starr). The Horror of war, effects of war on the soldier, and nationalism are all themes in “ All Quiet on the Western Front”. World War 1 , is basically about the war that started over the killing of the archduke Franz Ferdinand.The war then escalated between 28 countries. The novel is about a guy named Paul and his school friends who were all persuaded to enlist to fight in World

Assess the importance of each of the following factors in causing the First World War: nationalism, alliances and economic factors!

1043 words - 4 pages Dunia MalezaiAssess the importance of each of the following factors in causing the First World War: nationalism, alliances and economic factors! Causes of World War One are complicated. There is no such clarity about which was the main factor in causing the war as all the above mentioned factors are interconnected and equally important. Although Germany has been blamed by many because she invaded Belgium in August 1914 when Britain had promised

What was the main cause of world war I ? The four main causes were imperialism, militarism, alliances, and nationalism. Without these influences the war would have never happened

848 words - 3 pages Instead of trying to point to one major cause for the First World War, like many historians attempt to argue, there were many causes that evolved around four major ones. Even Benthmann portrayed his frustration with attempting to isolate a major cause when his reply to the question of what started the war was "Oh, if only I knew". The four main causes were imperialism, militarism, alliances, and nationalism. Without these influences the war

The Road to World War II (What were Germany and Britain's foreing policy and do you agree that agressive nationalism, weakness of the League and appeasment caused WW II)

3020 words - 12 pages Hitler was still full of hatred from the First World War, and wanted revenge for how Germany had been treated over the last two decades. Hitler had always kept tight control over foreign affairs, formulating himself both the strategy and the tactics calculated to achieve his goals on a world scale. To do this, he created his Foreign Policy aims. These were:·To go back on the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and re-establish Germany's

"Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 the 'Era of good Feelings.' Evaluate the accuracy ofof this label, considering the emergence of nationalism and sectionalism."

1414 words - 6 pages the war were marked by a feeling of nationalism, a feeling of pride and national unity. The strong loyalty that Americans had felt towards the other states was being replaced for a loyalty toward the whole nation. The fall of the Federalists contributed to this spirit of nationalism. National pride helped Americans to unite to the Democratic-Republican Party. This party had taken many ideas from the Federalists, taken and claimed as theirs. This


1427 words - 6 pages patriotism be abandoned to the ultra-right militias? D-         African-Americans, and American nationality. Is the struggle of African-Americans to be included in the nation-state mirrored is the experience of other groups? What lesson can be developed from this? E-         Did Southern nationalism exist or was it the creation of the aftermath of the war? F-         The history of American nationalism is of an institution


1966 words - 8 pages ” generated great dignity in the nation’s citizens, which influenced the nationalistic growth and the unity of countries, but also contributed to the collision of empires comprising of various racial minorities and the underlying of World War I. Beginning in the 1700’s, nationalism emerged by means of affairs during the French Revolution, and stimulated pride within the French citizens. In the 1848 Proclamation of the Second French Republic (Doc 1), a


10164 words - 41 pages actions serve as steps forward to the past. By comparing two states that experienced radically different effects from the Cold Wars end the flexibility and inherent accuracy of this explanation for modern events is quite clear; those two states are Czechoslovakia and Germany. The defining engine of European history is the nation-state and nationalism, which drives the creation of nation-states. The mistake when looking at the post Cold War era

Nationalism DBQ

629 words - 3 pages , which is shown in the fact that Mazzini wanted a Republic, the Pope wanted a confederation, and Charles Albert wanted a kingdom. When Cavour rose as a prominent nationalist figure in Italy, he used many tactics to promote nationalism. He encouraged trade, expanded the transportation options, promoted agricultural production, and joined Britain and France in the Crimenian war against Russia. These tactics eventually proved to create unity in

Canadian Nationalism

1874 words - 7 pages nation to truly be stable and unified, nationalism is key. In turn, then, this nationalism will result in citizens desiring to improve and further their nation. Despite the fact that will has indeed played a critical role in preserving Canada by helping to create nationalism during watershed moments in history such as the Patriote movement, key battles in World war I, and even Québécois movement today, it is important to remember that the will was

American Nationalism

663 words - 3 pages American nationalism was the greatest by-product of the War of 1812 and became very important in U.S. politics as well as American social life between 1815 and 1836. American nationalism manifested itself in many different ways that was unlike the nationalism found in Europe. America has always been very much of a melting pot of different cultures in contrast to Europe. American nationalism was founded in everything from social to economic and

Similar Essays

Nationalism, Gender And The War Discourse

1700 words - 7 pages The presence of war has been argued as one of the major contextual factors leading to rapid changes in media discourse. During periods of conflicts, the media are characterised by a heightened emphasis on a clear division between “us” – the goodies and “them” – the baddies (Bugarski 1997). In particular, a “polarising logic of war discourse” (Pankov, Mihelj and Bajt 2011, p. 1044) is deliberately formed by conflating various forms of nationalism

The War Of 1812 And Its Effects On American Nationalism

2033 words - 8 pages By any criteria the years following the War of 1812, otherwise known as the “Era of Good Feelings,” must be considered a time of exceptional growth and development in the United States, but above all, it may be considered a time of evolution and ripening of American nationalism, unification, and economic prowess. The war of 1812 was a very problematic war. States did not fulfill their duties, while commanders and leaders were not informed or

Militarism, Nationalism, And The System Of Alliances: The Causes Of World War One

1481 words - 6 pages seen. We know the story, but when we read the between the pages, what were the underlying causes of the Great War that changed history? Through extensive research among primary and secondary documents, the answer has been found. The hidden causes were militarism, nationalism, and the system of alliances. Militarism led nations to jump at war prematurely. Nationalism causes other nations to become suspicious, and it also leads to a war that could

Nationalism After The War Of 1812 And Important Court Cases Of The Time

565 words - 2 pages After the war of 1812, a surge of nationalism spread everywhere throughout America. Having unofficially won the war without even an official army, the people of America became very proud of themselves and how their great country established such a feat. The nationalism grew until John Marshall, an aggressive Chief Justice, further strengthened and expanded it. He was a devout Federalist appointed by John Adams years before his most famous case