Movements Which Flourished In The United States' Early Years

1003 words - 4 pages

As the young republic grew a third revolution accompanied the reformation of American politics and the transformation of the American economy. This revolution aimed at improving the character of ordinary Americans and for this reason reform campaigns dominated the American landscape. At this time when the Great Awakening was taking place many reformers drew their zeal from religion and hoped to transform American life by getting rid of worldly evils. During this time period between 1825-1850 a tremendous surge in the spirit of reform took place in which the Temperance, Utopian, Criminal Institution, Suffragist, Abolitionist, and Public School reform movements occurred. All of these reform movements were similar as they all aimed at making the American society better. Although, many reform movements attempted to dissolve disunity in the social ladder and strove for equal rights among citizens often times they failed to include all ethnic groups.
As the time period between 1825-1850 rolled on reform movements often retained ideals of conservation as some reformers believed that reform movements were disowning the past. Many Americans including those of the Know Nothing Party objected to the incursion of immigrants from Ireland and Germany. Some Americans like Samuel F.B. Morse favored a limited democratic ideal. Document D shows that Samuel F.B. Morse and Nativists were some of the people that were discontent with the Naturalization laws and they believed that a conspiracy existed that aimed to destroy the foundation of the country and if anyone doubted it then the conspiracy could be tested by altering the Naturalization laws. Samuel F.B. Morse declared that no foreigner who comes into the country shall ever be allowed the right of suffrage after the law is passed. This shows that democratic ideals of equality, and justice would be limited to citizens of the country and this action would limit the say of foreigners in the country’s matters. Furthermore, in Document G Orestes A. Brownson argues that efforts to break away from the past and to create an entirely new society are actions that deny the past and condemn what has been. The past that we disown is what was the roots for what society is today. The past is what has made us today and it is like our mother. This document illustrates the growing tensions that reform movements were proposing. Americans were able to recognize their past as they were now thinking about a brighter future.
Furthermore, one of the first movements to take place was the public school movement. In the early years of the republic tax-supported schools were scarce as they often existed to educate the children of the poor. The more well-to conservative Americans were able to see the light as they realized that if they did not educate their children they would grow up into the ignorant rabble. Document E supports the fact that children were all...

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