Mayan Sacrifices Essay

1255 words - 5 pages

RELIGIÓN MAYALos mayas eran una de las civilizaciones mas importantes del mundo prehispánico, tenían una manera muy diferente de ver la vida a la que nosotros ahora tenemos. Sabemos y hemos escuchado de sus sacrificios pero, ¿Cuál era su razón de hacerlos? ¿Por qué matar a gente y ofrecérsela a los dioses? ¿Cuál era la necesidad de embriagarse y drogarse para muchos de los ritos? Muchas personas tienen una idea errónea de la vida de los mayas. Esto hace que sean juzgados por ideas preconcebidas sin saber la razón detrás de sus actos. Mi propósito con este ensayo, es informar más acerca de la religión maya y sus ritos para poder tener una idea más correcta acerca de la filosofía maya.Como fue mencionado anteriormente la religión maya, como muchas otras, ha sido juzgada durante mucho tiempo por otras civilizaciones que no comprendían la razón de ser de muchos de sus ritos.La vida de los mayas giraba en torno de la religión y como en muchas otras civilizaciones de Europa en la época Medieval, los sacerdotes tenían un inmenso poder que sólo lo compartían con los jefes guerreros. Los sacerdotes controlaban a la sociedad ya que ellos tenían aparte de los conocimientos religiosos, todos los científicos. Los conocimientos científicos eran el fundamento y avance de la comunidad. Los sacerdotes también estaban encargados de desarrollar la intelectualidad de la comunidad.Los mayas adoraban principalmente a dioses relacionados con la naturaleza. Sus principales dioses eran: Itzaman; el dios de los cielos, Yum Kaax; el señor del maíz, Ah Puch; el dios del inframundo, Chaak; asociado con el agua y las lluvias y HUnab Ku; el centro de la galaxia.Para poder entender los sacrificios de los mayas, es necesario conocer el origen de sus historias. La mitología hoy en día es conocida gracias al Popol Vuh que fue un libro escrito por los mayas Quiché después de la llegada de los españoles. El libro fue traducido del texto original que estaba escrito en jeroglíficos.Una de las historias más importantes del Popol Vuh es la de la creación de los humanos. Este es un pequeño resumen de la historia:En el inicio, el dios del mar Gucumatz y el dios del corazón del cielo, Huracán decidieron crear la raza humana para tener alguien que les rinda culto. Trataron de hacer humanos tres veces pero sus creaciones fracasaron, porque el material que usaban para crearlos era demasiado blando, en uno de sus intentos los humanos no podían hablar, así se formaron los animales. En su cuarto intento los dioses crearon a los humanos de masa de maíz. Su intento fue un éxito, crearon cuatro hombres y de ahí cuatro mujeres. El dios Huracán les...

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