“ There are approximately 100,000 children and/ or adolescents who are in the Child Welfare System waiting to be put into foster care or be adopted” (Kreisher). The number of children living with 1 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender (LGBT) parent today ranges from six to fourteen million children or adolescents. Adoption is to take into one’s family legally and raise as one’s own child.
Although adoption is first spoken of in the Bible, the first recorded adoption takes place in 1693 in the colonial United States when the governor of Massachusetts adopts a son marking the first legal adoption (Sezun). Adoption begins in the United States in 1851 when Massachusetts passed the first child adoption act (Herman). In 1920, the first Child Welfare League of America was founded. “From 1854- 1929 there were many orphan trains that traveled the United States” (Meiser, Velen, and et al). At that time orphan trains were a common way in the United States for children without families to try and find a family. “Within the past 50 years, adoption has switched from being predominantly healthy, white babies being adopted by married couples to a much more wide variety of children being adopted and the parent(s) are not always married or heterosexual” (Kreisher).
Today, adoption professionals are placing more children with homosexual parents. New Jersey was the first state to designate non-discriminatory adoption policies. In addition to current adoption laws, there is also second- parent adoption that can take place where a homosexual parent can adopt in a state where currently legal and their domestic partner can adopt the same child so both parents are legal guardians of that child. “In 1977, Florida passed a law banning gay adoption and they still follow that law today” (Kreisher).
Children of homosexual parents are no different from those of heterosexual parents but, the major difference is that children with homosexual parents feel a higher level of affection. More and more LGBT couples want to adopt. By allowing LGBT couples to adopt, you are taking more children out of foster care and placing them in loving homes. LGBT parents typically adopt the children with the greatest needs. Twenty-one of the fifty states currently allow for second-parent adoption. A majority of states no longer deny custody or visitation rights based on sexual orientation. There is no evidence that LGBTs are unfit parents (Lyons 25-26).
Good parenting is not influenced by sexual orientation, but by parents creating a loving and nurturing home. With increased inclusiveness, more children are now in homes with qualified parents over being in the state system. Adoptive parents are being discriminated on adopting children based on gender identity, sexual orientation, or marital status and so more children are “aging out” of the foster care system. Children are aging out of foster care because the federal government is not allowing parents to adopt based on...