Late Antiquity Essay

1397 words - 6 pages

Constantine the Great also popularly known as Saint Constantine ruled the Roman Empire from 306 - 337. He was a born Octavian in 63 BCE and was adopted by Julius Caesar. He took Rome at power in 29 BCE and was given the title “Augustus” in 27 BCE (The Roman Empire 29 BCE - 235 CE, I Historical Outline, 325). The timing of Constantine’s adoption of Christianity resulted in the spread of Christianity as a religion in the world. It was time when Christianity was suffering because of prosecutions of the Christian's by the barbaric. With the conquest of Roman empire by Constantine in 312 AD, Christianity became the dominant religion in Rome. Constantine after meeting with Cicinnus, issued the ...view middle of the document...

D. 284-305 , Christianity suffered as a religion and underwent various persecutions. Pagans felt a threat from the growing popularity of Christianity that could not be restricted by persecution. Christianity was not a legitimate religion and Christians were refrained from practicing their religions rituals or forming assembly. Therefore, Christianity became an issue in the Roman empire that could not longer be ignored. The Romans expected the government to change the current religious differences. Upon the conquest of the Roman empire by defeating Manutius, Constantine emerged as a fair ruler who was sympathetic towards Christianity and its followers. This was a time when Constantine is said to have converted to Christianity. He had political motives behind supporting Christianity because he realized that in order for him to rule and administer the empire it was important for him to make peace with the church. Therefore, what started as a political motive in the latter period of Constantine’s reign became a rigorous preaching of Christianity not only in the Roman empire but also East part of Greek. Hence, Constantine became a remarkable supporter of Christianity and legalized the religion under his reign.
The civil war between Constantine and Manutius was a living example of the difference in perception of the Christian and non-Christian believers. The army of Constantine were prepared and well armed with courage encamping opposite Milia bridge (Stalactitious, Ch-44). Constantine had been directed in his dream, to place the letter X as a shield of his soldiers before proceeding for the battle (Stalactitious, Ch-44). The X was the cipher of Christ with a perpendicular line drawn and rounded on the top. Manutius placed his trust in devices of magic and not in the goodwill of his subjects ( Eusebius, 359). Constantine and his soldiers relied on help from God and attached the tyrant’s army one by one, coming closer to Rome. It was a living experience of faith in history when Manutius and his armed soldiers turned their back against the God-sent Constantine and his army of soldiers (Eusebius, 359). With hopes to win over Constantine’s army, Manutius went to the field where he and his army had made a bridge by joining boats. But, the bridge in the rear broke and when Manutius and his army flew towards the broken bridge he went headlong into the Tiber (Stalactitious, Ch-44). Constantine became the emperor of Roman empire, and this was when he had been recognized as a Christian ruler.
Constantine had been well received as an emperor by the Roman subjects but, he had been convinced that he had God on his side, and, therefore, he set up a memorial of Saving’s Passion for being set up in hand of his own statue (Eusebius,363). It was a significant period in the history of Church because, in Constantine’s reign he guided his policies towards the Church (Cameron, 61). Constantine had realized that in order to have control on the Empire it was important that...

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