Women In The Military: The Combat Exclusion Law

1304 words - 5 pages

The question originally posed in the Combat Exclusion Law, regarding placement of females in combat, continues to be debated as women are placed in combat roles without adequate training (Sanchez, 2011). What distinguishes some positions as being acceptable while others are not? Who has the authority to approve exceptions, and what exceptions have been made? On May 13, 2011, a bill placed before the House of Representatives addressed the issue to “repeal the ground combat exclusion policy for female members” (Sanchez, 2011, p. 1).
Political Issues or Influences
In 1973, women began to grow in numbers in the 'All-Volunteer Force' implemented under President Nixon. “In February 1988, Department of Defense (DoD) codified the Combat Exclusion Policy by adopting the ‘Risk Rule’” (Keenan, 2008, pp. 21, 22). The Risk Rule excluded woman from those assignments that placed them at risk of harm such as: “direct combat, hostile fire, or being captured” (Keenan, 2008, p. 22). The change of the feminine role in the civilian population has forced a review of their presence in the Armed Forces. As women have begun to establish their intellectual and physical ability, they have demonstrated their equality in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) (Baker II, 2006) encouraging congress to again consider placement of women in combat. These roles were reviewed after the onset of the Exclusion Law in “1967 when the statutory strengths and grade limitations were lifted” (Ferber, 1987, p. 4) as well as in 1978 when positions available to women were expanded (Ferber, 1987). In 1992 and 1993 when the “Defense Authorization Acts were implemented, congress revoked the prohibition of women’s assignments to combat aircraft… and in January 1994 the ‘Risk Rule’ was rescinded” (Keenan, 2008, p. 22). With the 1994 change in the “Risk Rule”, assignments were available for females in all services to participate in all available positions. Exceptions of “assignments to units below the brigade level whose primary mission is direct ground combat” (Keenan, 2008, p. 22) were put in place.
H.R. 1928 sought to title the bill “Women’s Fair and Equal right to Military Service Act” (Sanchez, 2011, p. 1) as more than 250,000 females had already been deployed to combat zones in the Middle East. As of May 2011,137 females had lost their lives while in combat (Sanchez, 2011). As women continue to work side by side with men, the case of equal placement continues. Contrary to that argument is the power to care for family members, specifically the children and how they are affected when their mother goes into battle.
Additional Policies that were a Result or Outcome
of Combat Exclusion Law
Upon the acceptance of the Combat Exclusion Law, each military service was to define their policies to determine where females could and could not serve. What this means to the Army in particular is that “all jobs except those having the highest probability of...

Find Another Essay On Women in the Military: The Combat Exclusion Law

Military Women Should NOT Be Allowed in Combat Positions

1652 words - 7 pages that only men be put in these roles. Only a select few countries allow women in ground-combat situations, seen in the statement that “Australia is the latest nation to lift all restrictions on the positions in which women can serve in the armed forces, joining Canada, New Zealand, and Israel” (Gajewski, 2011). Many military officials have found ways to circumvent this law, and have placed women in these roles with the thoughts that it could be

Women in the Military Essay

925 words - 4 pages to participate in combat, which is most often how a promotion is achieved. The reasoning behind this problem is feelings and beliefs about gender integration would harm how effective a combat unit would be. (2)- There is a much higher turnover rate with women than there is with their male colleagues. Women are not as likely to remain in service as long as men and are less likely to view the military as a permanent or long-term career which will

Women in the Military

578 words - 2 pages combat aircraft, and have fired lethal weapons. They have assisted the military as far back as the Revolutionary War but there are still some positions that women are restricted from. Although women comprise about 15 percent of the American armed forces, our military policy states that females are prohibited from serving in all combat zones. Some of these zones include infantry, armor, most artillery units, and women are not

Women in the Military

956 words - 4 pages better in combat and also boost their morale of the situation. A female present is good attribute to have on a team or on a squad. Females are like counselors in the war zones, they are there to work with you threw any situation. Men are there too, but women always make a male feel better. In conclusion, now that the ban is lifted, there may be more women to join the military over the years; simply because they know they have the same opportunity as

Women In The Military

726 words - 3 pages "Women in combat" is a phrase that creates emotions rooted in people's subconscious. Images of soldiers being brutally and graphically killed race throughout minds. Movies such as "Saving Private Ryan" solidify these emotions as concrete in society's collective minds. However, today's military women are placed in harm's way. This has been proven with the ambush of Jessica Lynch and her fellow soldiers during the War in Iraq.Today's wars are not

Women in the Military

633 words - 3 pages such as congresswoman, policewoman, etc. to the dictionary to keep up with their advancement. The United States military is even inviting women into their ranks. Military Women rising up in status and prestige is a great thing, but there are some things which they cannot do. Women should never be allowed in combat during a war.      Women, physically, are not as capable as men to handle the duties of combat. To enter the

Women in the Military - 1818 words

1818 words - 7 pages Gender integration in the military has always faced the question of social acceptance, whether society can accept how women will be treated and respected in the military. Throughout the history of the military, our leadership has always sought ways in how to integrate without upsetting the general public if our females were captured as prisoners of war, raped, discriminated or even blown up in combat. My paper will discuss three situations

The Breakdown of Women in Combat Situations

1269 words - 5 pages and combat missions might be put at risk by service members who cannot meet the demands of the battlefield, the military must be able to choose those most able to survive, fight, and win.All the debate in the world won't settle the issue of whether or not letting women or men fight together will strengthen or weaken our Armed Forces. Basically, it would have to be tried. As the saying goes, "run it up the flagpole and see who salutes it."

Women Serving in the Military

1397 words - 6 pages Military?”. Women in the Military. 25 Sept. 1992:841. CQ Researcher. Web. 30 Apr. 2014 McNulty, Shelly S. “Myth Busted: women are serving in combat positions”. Air Force Law Review. 2012:119. Military and Intelligence Database Collection. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. Parker, Kathleen. “Women in combat not the best idea for anyone”. The Jackson Sun. 28 Sept.2013:9. ProQuest. Web. 1 May 2014. Presnell, Jenny. “ Women Warriors: A History” Library Journal. 15 Feb. 1997:146. Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive. Web. 1 May 2014.

The Pro's and the Con's of Women Serving in Combat

1182 words - 5 pages Sue WaggonerProfessor KeeneEnglish 130216 September 2003The Pro's and the Con's of Women Serving in CombatWhether or not women should be allowed in combat is a question that rests in the minds of many Americans today. Although women are allowed to serve in the military they are still not allowed to serve in combat; why is that? Is it because today women are still not viewed as equal adversaries? These days and times, what exactly is combat? Is

History of Women in The US Military

1600 words - 6 pages further restricted women’s exposure to combat (Escobar, 2013). In the early 1990’s women are able to obtain assignments where they can serve on combat aircrafts in accordance to the United States Congress. Following this in 1994 the Secretary of Defense gets rid of the “risk rule” which allows women to obtain any role in the military except for direct combat/ frontline. As it gets closer to present day more opportunities continue to open to women

Similar Essays

Women Serving In Combat Roles In The Military

1889 words - 8 pages USAF (Ret.). Women in the Military - An Unfinished Revolution (Revised Edition). Novato, Ca.: Presidio, 1992. Miller, Laura L. "Feminism and the Exclusion of Army Women From Combat". Gender Issues. 16.3 (1998): 33-64. Nantais, Cynthia and Martha F. Lee. "Women in the United States Military: Protectors or Protected? The Case of Prisoner of War Melissa Rathburn-Nealy." Journal of Gender Studies. 8.2 (1999):181-191. Stiehm, Judith Hicks

Women Deserve To Be Assigned Combat Roles In The Military

1005 words - 5 pages fundamental reasons too. Over the years, it has been thought that man is the only one able to do this work. However, a woman can be better prepared physically that a man. Therefore, women deserve to be assigned combat roles in the military. A few decades ago the role of women in society was to perform household chores and the care of children. Today there are thousands of women working as military. Physical differences between men and women are remarkable

Is The Exclusion Of Women From Frontline Combat Sexism?

1087 words - 4 pages Excluding women from frontline combat is essentially sexist. Regardless of the many substantial contributions women have made to the United States military from the American Revolutionary war to the contemporary Iraq and Afghanistan wars, it has long been a sanctuary of masculinity, which consequently, has resulted in the organization’s steadfast resistance against women’s direct martial participation. The opponents of women frontline combat

Women Being Included In Military Combat

705 words - 3 pages also pick up how to handle different situation, working under pressure and resolving dilemmas. Women have risked their lives and died in America’s wars. They have dealt with lethal ammunition and operated urbane systems, while being in charge of both women and men in combat. Once women meet the physical and mental criteria, they are proficient, trained war fighters and leaders. For military assignments and duties, based on the training