How Children With Autistic Spectrum Disorder (Asd) React To Music

1838 words - 7 pages

Qualitative and quantitative methods allow researchers to investigate, explore and inquire the nature of the phenomenon being studied. It is important that the researcher develops a clear understanding of the problem and design a plan to investigate it (Cresswell, 1998, para. 1). There are a variety of research methods; nevertheless, it is important to consider which research method is appropriate for the study. Qualitative research focuses on human experiences while quantitative research relies on numbers, measurements, and testing. Nevertheless, qualitative and quantitative methods use similar approaches to conduct research and collect data. For example, observations and interviews are approaches used in both research designs; however, the approaches are used and viewed otherwise. This will be discussed later in the paper.

Controversy between qualitative and quantitative research designs
The two research methods, qualitative and quantitative, are dissimilar and according to Brewer (1999) controversy between the research methods have been about for decades regarding which research design delivers a more thorough and objective data (p. 245). Nevertheless, according to the literature reviewed, mix methods appear to be an appropriate solution to this subject matter. Mix methods combine qualitative and quantitative approaches and according to Abusabha and Woelfel (2003), combining both research designs has its advantages:

First, all data have both an objective and a subjective component. Numbers can be easily assigned to all qualitative data (such as open-ended questions in surveys), and any number obtained by a quantitative study is interpreted using a subjective or qualitative judgment. Second, using different methods to answer the same question allows researchers to cross--validate results. Third, mixing the two methods cancels out, somewhat, their corresponding weaknesses. Quantitative research, although very reliable, is often criticized for the validity of its outcomes, and although qualitative research has good validity, it faces problems of repeatability and generality. (p. 569)

Research Design Model
The reason for using a mix method approach in the proposed topic will delineate an accurate qualitative and quantitative data, thus revealing the possible impact of a music intervention on the improvement of language development skills in children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

Research topic
Because music engages the whole brain, singing improves language skills in children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder ASD (Gonzalez, 2011, para. 4). To research this topic, the use of mix methods will determine the influence of vocal techniques, singing activities, and diverse props and instructional resources on language improvement in children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). It is hasty to decide which research methods will be implemented at this time; however, this paper will define, compare...

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