Intercultural Competences Between Germany And Russia

3943 words - 16 pages

IntroductionIntercultural competences - "What is intercultural competence?"Intercultural competence is viewed in a globalized acting world, as a key qualification. Since the 1960s research has been increased on this topicin the U.S.After a considerable delay this scientific research field reachedas well the European scientific and business community.Nevertheless, science and society have still not achieved a clear definition. The concept of intercultural competence is subject to a notorious blur, which results from the subjective view of each individual performer (as a function of its cultural association). (See ESSEN 2007, 9) An attempt to describe intercultural competence is based on the skills, "based on certain attitudes and beliefs, and the particular action and reflection skills to interact effectively and appropriately in intercultural situations." (See BERTELSMANN 2006, 5)There exists also the attempt to define the term legalistic but as well those shows how difficult a clear and unambiguous definition is. As the participation and integration law of Berlin defines intercultural competence as "one based on knowledge of cultural rules, norms, values, attitudes and symbols form of social and professional competence." (See PARTINTG §4 (3)) This would be again a reflection of the necessary soft skills of social competence in order to achieve a clear definition. Another approach shows the law of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, which seeks primarily to the issue of anti-discrimination. (See TEILHABE- UND INTEGRATIONSGESETZ §4 (2)) Both, the legal and as well as the scientific approach to define leave space in interpreting how to communicate successfully with other cultures.Intercultural competence is made up of different abilities. As already mentioned, these are mainly soft skills. Sorted by decreasing relevance "are openness, and empathy [...] as the most decisive key skills. In addition to the adaptability and flexibility of the [...], as well as communication skills, self-confidence and language skills" (See STEHR 2011, 11) but also solid knowledge of the cultural context of each conversation partner is appropriate to act successful.This term paperpromotes the understanding of the German-Russian intercultural relations. This mainly concerns the perception in business negotiations, the partnership cooperation and avoidance of dissonance.Furthermore, it is shown in this work, why it is possible to speak of-the-Russian culture, as the Russian Federation, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, still consist of a variety of communities and cultures.For the purposes of the actionabilityand the ability to reflect, it is essential to deal in more detail with an alien culture. In the following text a historical classification of the Russian Federation is made, and a description of the actual situation. Continue to be shown why it is for the German economy and the foreign policy of interest to engage in intensive Russia.The...

Find Another Essay On Intercultural competences between Germany and Russia

This essay - called "Germany between 1918 and 1933" - desribes whathappened in Germany during this horrible time

2410 words - 10 pages Germany between 1918 and 1933Novemberrevolution and armisticeIt all startet with the revolution in November 1918. As preliminary remark, a revolution is defined as a "fundamental change in political organization; especially : the overthrow or renunciation of one government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed" (Mirriam-Webster ). So, what effects did the particular revolution of November 1918 have, and how did it change

Comparative law analysis between Australian, Germany and China Legal Systems

4297 words - 17 pages the company. However, normally in cases where a company is insolvent, it is still possible to sue the responsible Directors directly using the concept of piercing the corporate veil. This doctrine is available in Australia, Germany and as well as China.4.0 Moe v KKCOOverviewIt is clear that a written contract exists between the parties. However, several issues arose as per the dispute.Moe's legal position against KKCO can be discussed from the

The Change in Status and Position of Jews in Russia, France and Germany in the Years 1880-1920

2224 words - 9 pages Nazi Party wrote in their programme, 'No Jew can therefore be a German national.' This evidence shows most German Anti- Semites would not stop what they believed in just because the government did not agree with it. Between each country, France, Russia and Germany, there are similarities and differences. In all of the countries Jews were given equal rights, though there was still Anti-Semitic feeling in each

Modern Russia is in Search of a Secular Model of Relationships Between Religions and the State

1757 words - 8 pages , Russian Muslims are against of this view proposed by the Russian Orthodox Church. There is an academic letter on "clericalization of the country" that is a kind of response to the letter of the 10 academicians of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In this letter Muslims claim their protests against clericalization of Russia. The Muslims warn the public about the dangers of coming back to such relationships between religions and the state which used

The Impact of Nazi Rule on the People of Germany between 1933 and 1939

2901 words - 12 pages presented the Nazis with numerous threats. In 1933 catholic churched viewed that the Nazis acted as a barrier between communism from Russia and Germany; On the same year the Catholic church and Hitler signed an agreement hat neither would interfere with each other, and for a while this lasted. That was until 1937 when Hitler began a rigorous attack on them eg arresting priests. Accordingly pope Pius X1 issued his 'Mit

How Jews were discriminated against in germany between 1933 and 1939

1579 words - 6 pages 1)Between 1933 and 1939 the first record of discrimination against Jews is in 1933. In April 1933 there was an official one-day boycott of Jewish shops, lawyers and doctors across the whole of Germany. This action was taken within a couple of days of Nazi power, many people even Jews didn't think that Nazis would act on their anti-Jewish ideas. Nazis continued to print the anti-Jewish propaganda in their newspaper Der Stürmer.One Jewish

The Fear of Socialism and the Rise to Power of the Nazis in Germany between 1919 and 1933

2646 words - 11 pages The Fear of Socialism and the Rise to Power of the Nazis in Germany between 1919 and 1933 By the end of 1918 it was clear that the axis powers had lost the Great War. The German people were demoralised and hungry. The nationalistic fervour with which they had greeted the start of the war had gradually evaporated – replaced by a desire for (fair) peace with the Allies. Kaiser Wilhelm II, who had led his people into the

Exploring Why Britain was Able to Continue to Hold Out Against Germany Between June 1940 and the End of 1943

2307 words - 9 pages Exploring Why Britain was Able to Continue to Hold Out Against Germany Between June 1940 and the End of 1943 The epoch of 1940 to the end of 1943 established that Britain was a great nation, with an intelligent leader, an invulnerable position, and loyal allies, that was able to hold out even with meagre resources and heavy fire from a country across the Channel. There are four main reasons why this was so, the first

What were the sources of the emerging Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, and what key events in Germany brought the two sid

679 words - 3 pages Q8: What were the sources of the emerging Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, and what key events in Germany brought the two sides to the brink of confrontation? Despite having been allies during World War II, shortly afterwards in the late 1940s the United States and the Soviet Union found themselves in a new type of war. A war against one another. The period was known as The “Cold War”, which was a rivalry between the two

Why did the Nazis Never Face the Threat of Serious Rebellion on a National Scale in Germany Between 1933 and 1945?

2263 words - 10 pages In Germany at the start of the Nazis regime they had a lot of political opposition who were mainly socialists, but the Nazis never faced serious threats of rebellion in Nazi Germany and the Nazis reign. There are many different factors which caused this to happen; one of these being the propaganda used by the Nazis which was extensive and covered all of Germany; this propaganda was used successfully and made the majority of German people belief

Acccount for th failure of democracy in Germany between 1918 and 1933

1852 words - 7 pages "Account for the failure of Democracy in Germany in the period 1918-1934"The failure of democracy in Germany in the period 1918-1934 can be attributed to the many factors that contributed to the volatile political climate during this time and a German economy impacted by the harsh, impossible terms of the Versailles Treaty. These factors were disastrously compounded by the fall of Wall Street and the subsequent world depression leaving a fragile

Similar Essays

Effects Of The Great War Upon Germany And Russia

2094 words - 8 pages food shortages about in Russia, the price of bread increased by 500% between 1914 and 1916 whilst the owner of a massive arms factory in Petrograd made a 2,000 rouble profit on every 3 inch cannon he produced – such was the demand. With all the unrest, strikes broke out in June 1915 and by 1916 involved over a million workers. Meanwhile the whole tsarist system was under scrutiny by the Russian people. In Germany

Jews In Germany Between 1922 And 1945

2070 words - 8 pages Jews in Germany between 1922 and 1945 For hundreds of years the Christian religion in Europe has blamed the Jews for the death of Christ. They called them ‘Christ-killers’. This is known as anti-Semitism in today’s world it means hostility towards or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic or racial group. Even in England in the thirteenth century Jews were treated like individuals they were made to wear

Space Competition Between The United States And Soviet Russia

980 words - 4 pages Throughout history there has been war, conflict, and competition. Usually this is destructive, however not in the instance of the space race. This was a competition between the United States and Soviet Russia to as one can easily guess, space. It was of course more complicated than this, it began just after the end of the cold war, and the competitiveness was not quite gone between the countries when Russia announced they would begin a space

The Unification Of Germany Between 1863 And 1871

1155 words - 5 pages The Unification of Germany Between 1863 and 1871 On the 18th January 1871, Wilhelm 1 was proclaimed Emperor of a united Germany. The unification of Germany was, like all historical events, multi- causal, the most influential reasons being the Bismark's cynical and unscrupulous diplomacy, military superiority of Prussia and economic power, and lastly, popular nationalist sentiment. Bismark seems to be the most