Increasing On Task Behavior Through Positive Reinforcements

1122 words - 5 pages

The results of data analysis showed that Ibrahim has more improvement in his on-task behavior, and it was through focusing during the lesson, sat on his seat and active participation with the teacher. In November 21,2013 in the treatment I observed Ibrahim by collecting data on the Behavior Frequency & Duration sheet, I noticed that Ibrahim is able to being on the task during each period.
I have continued the intervention phase with positive reinforcement for four days. Through the graph (figure 2) the frequency of the undesirable behavior was too high. However, in the baseline phase off -task behavior occurs to nearly 57 times during the day. This percentage of the frequency of off-task ...view middle of the document...

As an Islamic school, there are many breaks such as Eid al-Adha and Ramadan. Those school events impacted negatively on both baseline and intervention observation and data collection, which interrupted the observation and data collection for intervention. The number of on-task behavior that Ibrahim engaged in the week prior to Eid al-Adha Break may have been influenced by any number of other variables, including the overall climate of the school during this week. Therefore, it is possible these breaks affected Ibrahim's behavior, and make the intervention doesn't benefit him.
The last limitation in this study was Ibrahim knew he was being watched. When I started the intervention he was made aware of the changes that he needed to make. So he knew if he didn’t stay on-task, he would not get a prize. For that reason, he sat quietly, listened for the teacher, and did his activities.
The data collection tools had many strengths and weaknesses. The strengths of the intervention tool were included easy to carry, easy to use, attractive colors, and stickers that chose were interests for Ibrahim. The weakness was included the prize truly was expensive sometimes.

Reflections

One of the best ways to manage behavior is to use positive reinforcement. Several studies have shown that the use of positive reinforcement is more effective than the use of punishment. In addition, the positive reinforcement makes the student feel good about him-self. Through positive reinforcement will build positive relationships between the student and the teacher, this positive relationship make student feels acceptable and therefore can continue to participate in the performance of activities effectively. Also through observing the target behavior, it can be collected data and analyzed. In addition, it can be added intervention to modify the undesirable behavior and replace it with a desirable behavior.
Moreover, based on the review of the interventions it is clear that children aged between 6 to 10 years old are more tangible reinforces response instead of verbal reinforcement. Off-task behavior is the most common behavioral problems for children in schools and many of the studies in this research indicate that positive reinforcement is more effective on children at an early age. However, an effective intervention should be by promoting the skills required and discourage unwanted behavior. Be encouraged either...

Find Another Essay On Increasing On-Task Behavior Through Positive Reinforcements

The Effect of Reinforcement on Performance

2391 words - 10 pages influence of reinforcement on task performance was highly significant.Many studies have been conducted on rats to see the effect of reinforcement on performance. Tolman and Honzik's (1930) classic experiment indicated that the introduction of food reinforcement after hungry rats had experienced a maze is followed by immediate improvement in behavior. This improvement indicated to Tolman and Honzik that learning had previously taken place in the

On and Off Task Behaviors Essay

561 words - 2 pages ‘random positive attention’ with students. By using this technique, teachers can ignore student attention-seeking behaviors, while at the same time, giving the student positive attention, on a FT schedule (Riley, et.al, 2011). This causes the link between student misbehavior and resulting negative teacher attention to break, thus increasing student positive on-task behavior. It is important for teachers to make behavior-specific statements, (Riley

Instrumental Conditioning

2119 words - 8 pages positive and negative reinforcement to encourage practice and performance. The positive reinforcements provide incentive through giving the child stickers, toys, and praise. The negative reinforcement release the child from a household chore when the practice session took place. A stimulus conditions associated with the release from the household chore served a second purpose of introducing the start time for desired behavior. Punishment was not

Cognitive Interventions

1712 words - 7 pages experiments conducted by B.F. Skinner. Through his experiments using lab rats, he recognized that behavior can be controlled by the use of positive and negative reinforcements. He believed that behavior can be changed or altered simply by offering rewards or consequences for non-desired behaviors. In his experiments, he offered rats pellets of food for exhibiting desired behavior and small electrical shocks for exhibiting undesired behavior. Skinner's

Challenging Behavior in People With Learning Disabilities Through a Psychological Perspective

1712 words - 7 pages This task will be focused on a service user group, more specifically on adults. It will explain challenging behaviour in people with learning disabilities through a psychological perspective which is behaviourism, and finally discuss how a social worker could address the issue by applying a psychological intervention or approach which will be behaviour modification. Valuing People (2001) recognises that learning disability can limit a

Behaviorist Theory

1213 words - 5 pages Behaviorism used learning concentrates entirely on observing, measuring, and modifying behavior. Since Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner began this theory teacher can better discipline their students. Using operant conditioning teachers can use positive reinforcement to get all the students to behave during class. There are few drawbacks to this theory, but there are drawbacks to everything in life. Behaviorist theory is that any and all behaviors

Behavior Plan

2424 words - 10 pages . Each category consists of different aspects for example for inappropriateness there is either appropriate behavior or inappropriate behavior. For compliance there is non-compliant and compliant behavior as well as no compliable command given. Lastly for on-task behavior there is on-task, off-task and not applicable. Using these will help the observation of Liam. One will be conducted before and one will be conducted after the intervention to

Coming of Age in Society

629 words - 3 pages When growing up most of us has heard the saying, “the apple does not fall far from the tree.” This quote is intended to tell a child that he or she is reflecting a trait similar to their parent. This quote does not only reflect children as they mirror their parents, but also how a society mirrors its government. As a child grows, he or she is taught to act a certain way through reinforcements given by the parents. Reinforcements can be either

Social Learning Theory

1001 words - 4 pages strength. On the contrary the Social Learning Theory also posses some limitations. First off, it is difficult to predict what a learner will assimilate and how he will do it. Secondly, people can learn undesirable traits as well as desirable ones through social learning, and on a final note, it does not refer to whether vicarious reinforcements, are as consistent or strong as direct reinforcements in changing behavior. In addition to being

Foundational Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Family Therapies

2381 words - 10 pages members by releasing unconscious obstructions that will allow the individual to connect and collaborate with other members. Cognitive-behavioral therapy aims to change specific negative or unhealthy behavior patterns, when the patterns are altered through positive reinforcements not only the individual but the entire family system is capable of functioning in a healthy, beneficial manner. The models are also very different in several ways, the

Reward Systems for Students Are Ineffective

1098 words - 4 pages reinforcement, initial changes to new behaviors are common, however, the likelihood of the behavior to continue, once the reinforcements are removed, is very rare indeed. Why do so many opt to use rewards in the first place? Many would argue that the reason we use incentive program is to create motivation. Rewards work on increasing extrinsic or external motivation. It is also commonly speculated that external motivation and strategies are helpful for

Similar Essays

Positive Change In World Through Manipulation Of Behavior In B.F Skinner's Waldo Two

740 words - 3 pages Positive Change In World Through Manipulation of Behavior in B.F Skinner's Waldo Two      B.F. Skinner, in his novel Walden Two, presents many arguments about how he foresees a positive change in the world through manipulation of behavior on the personal level. Sigmund Freud, in his works, specifically Civilization and Its Discontents, presents his view of human nature and what is innately problematic about it. Both Freud and Skinner

Increasing Job Satisfaction Is Important For Its Humanitarian Value And For Its Financial Benefit (Due To Its Effect On Employee Behavior.)

800 words - 3 pages opportunities for increased responsibility. Important: this is not simply "promotional opportunity". As organizations have become flatter, promotions can be rare. People have found challenge through projects, team leaderships, special assignments - as well as promotions.Actions:- Promote from within when possible- Reward promising employees with roles on interesting projects- Divide jobs into levels of increasing leadership and responsibilityIt

Behaviorist Description Of Depression Essay

571 words - 3 pages The behavioral perspective of depression links the disorder to a deficit of positive reinforcements in one's life. This lack of reinforcement results in the decline of constructive behavior, which in turn results in depression. Behaviorists posit that a person suffering from depression can develop a plan of action to replenish the deficit of positive reinforcement through the cooperation of family, friends and the therapist. In other words

The Role Of Reward In Human Motivation

1310 words - 5 pages practices. The positive dependent position implies that positively valent performance- contingent extrinsic reinforcements will, over time, increase task liking and hence motivation. The negative interactive hypothesis predicts that such reinforcement will cause relocation of the cause for task performance from ?task interest? to ?external reward?, thus lessening intrinsic interest of task liking, and hence motivation.DeCharms (1968) argues that