Immigration In The United States Essay

1104 words - 4 pages

The United States has often been referred to as a global “melting pot” due to its assimilation of diverse cultures, nationalities, and ethnicities. In today’s society, this metaphor may be an understatement. Between 1990 and 2010, the number of foreign born United States residents nearly doubled from 20 million to 40 million, increasing the U.S. population from almost 250 million to 350 million people. With U.S. born children and grandchildren of immigrants, immigration contributed to half of this population growth. These immigrants, consisting of mostly Asian and Hispanic backgrounds, have drastically changed the composition of the U.S. population. In 2010, Asians and Hispanics made up 20 percent of the U.S. population, in contrast to a 6 percent share of Asians and Hispanics in 1970. It is predicted that by 2050, the share of immigrants in the United States will increase to one half of the entire population. With this rapid increase in diversity, many citizens have opposing views on its impact on the United States. In my opinion, an increase in immigration does contain both positive and negatives effects, but in general it provides an overriding positive influence on America’s society (“Population”).
In 2007, the White House issued this statement in hopes to influence a Congressional debate: “Immigration has a positive effect on the American economy as a whole and on the income of native-born American workers” (Pear). This statement relates to the idea that immigrants actually enhance the productivity of American workers and increase their earnings in a significant amount, estimated at $37 billion a year (Pear). This is just one way in which immigrants support economic development in the United States. Since the U.S. is an industrial economy, its economic growth is based on a constant increase in production and consumption. Without the extra work and consumption provided by immigrants, the economy of the United States would collapse. Despite the common notion that immigrants steal jobs from Americans, the 2005 Economic Report of the President shows that immigrants actually create many jobs for natives by increasing the demand for goods and services. Studies show that competition with American workers among immigrants is very minimal and limited to the unskilled labor. Therefore, these immigrants are only competing with natives who have insignificant education and occupy jobs in fields such as construction, manufacturing, landscaping, agriculture, etc. As the education level of Americans continues to increase and older workers retire, these jobs are becoming increasingly vacant. Immigrants will fill these essential jobs in the labor market, such as the unappealing low skilled jobs. Immigrants continue to strengthen local economies through their higher productivity and increased consumption (“Contributions”).
Not only do immigrants provide outstanding economic contributions to the United States, but immigrants also provide increasingly...

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