History Of Film Essay

1574 words - 7 pages

My grandfather has always talked about how much movies have changed in such a short amount of time. His favorite movie, E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, is an example of how editing and special effects have changed drastically since only 1982 and even from the early 1900s. Watching a movie from this year compared to a movie from the 1930s, the viewer would notice many differences ranging from effects, transitions and especially quality. When film started in the late 1800s, there was no digital technology to edit films. There have been many contributors in the film industry that have helped evolve film to its digital age of today. Edwin Porter was the first person in film history to create a ...view middle of the document...

Cox). Now let’s contrast this device to a program that is used most commonly for editing today. A very common editing tool that is used now is called Final Cut Pro. This computer program was released in 1999 by the Apple Software company. Final Cut is non-linear editing software. This program went along with the digital age that has now been entered with technology. With Final Cut, effects, transitions and sounds can be added easily through the software. Editing a video is now really simple because this program organizes almost everything for the user. There are two windows that allow the editor to preview the video clip to make any edits. The user is able to rewind, pause, play or fast forward there video clip by the click of a computer mouse. No longer does the editor have to chemically add special effects or filters. Everything that the user would need to edit the video is on the software. That shows how far editing equipment has come in just under 100 years since the Moviola in 1924. New software is constantly being created to make editing easier since it really is a complicated job.
In the early 1900s, Edwin Porter created the first narrative film. Before he started to direct his own films, he worked for Thomas Edison as a projectionist and mechanic. Porter’s inspiration to make films was because of Georges Méliès’ work. In 1903, Porter created two films that developed the concept, continuity editing, that we now use (IMDB). The two films that he created that year were Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery. Life of an American Fireman was the first of his films and it was a huge breakthrough because the film included the first close up and had a total of nine shots. “Life of an American Fireman' combined stock actuality footage of fires, firemen and fire engines with dramatised scenes which Porter shot, this juxtaposition added tension and release to the film making it truly dramatic in contemporary setting…(EarlyCinema, 7)” The Great Train Robbery was ground-breaking and is still shown in film schools today as an example of early editing form. This movie also introduced different types of camera work which included panning the camera to follow the characters. Porter is known for creating the dissolve. He is also known for creating an editing technique called cross cutting which is, “the technique of intercutting a scene with portions of another scene, especially to heighten suspense by showing simultaneous action (dict.1).” Edwin Porter created the base of editing and is the reason why it developed so much in only one hundred years.
Lev Kuleshov was a Russian filmmaker who created the Kulshov Effect. This effect was similar to cross cutting which had already been used in America but he was the first to use this method in Russian films. In 1918, Kuleshov directed his first film called “Project of Engineer Prite” at the age of nine-teen. This film is what brought him attention. The Effect was more of an experiment of...

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